[29a - 44 lines; 29b - 20 lines]

1)[line 2] MERAHATEI B'GEMARA- they would quickly review the rulings [of Rav Chisda]

2a)[line 3] MANEI MISHTEYA- vessels [that had been used] for drinking (i.e., dirty cups)

b)[line 4] MANEI MEICHLA- a) dirty plates (RASHI); b) pots, pans, kneading troughs, spits, etc. used in the preparation of the meal (TOSFOS DH Mana)

3a)[line 5]CHATZBA- an earthenware pail

b)[line 5]SHACHIL- a wooden pail

4)[line 6]SHERAGA- (O.F. croisel - lamp) an earthenware oil lamp

5)[line 7] HA B'SUKAH KETANAH- a) [one may not keep a lamp] in a minimum sized seven-square-Tefach Sukah [since it will not leave room for him to maneuver] (RASHI, BA'AL HA'ME'OR); b) [one may not keep a lamp] in a small Sukah [since it may burn the Sukah down] (TOSFOS DH v'Amri, RAN)

6)[line 9]GERISIN- pounded beans

7)[line 10] NASHAV ZIKA- the wind blew

8)[line 10]TZIV'VASA- small twigs [from the Sechach onto the food]

9)[line 11] PANU LI MANI- clear my utensils

10)[line 13] ANINA DA'ATAI- for I am finicky [and cannot eat food upon which twigs fell]

11)[line 15]YARAD- he went down [to his house from his Sukah on his roof]

12a)[line 18]SHE'YE'OR (with an Aleph)- it becomes light

b)[line 18]SHE'YE'OR (with an Ayin)- he awakens

13)[line 20]?TARTI?- both [when the sky lightens (which implies Netz ha'Chamah) and Amud ha'Shachar (which is an earlier time)]?

14)[line 22] ?MI SHAFACH L'MI?- who poured upon whom? There are two possible ways to understand the parable in our Mishnah. One is that the master, disgusted with the service provided by his servant, poured the water out from the pitcher held by the servant. In that case, the rain on Sukos parallels the pouring of the water from the pitcher. Another possibility, however, is that the poor quality of the service in the parable is demonstrated through that which the servant spilled the water. In that case, the spilling of the water in the parable parallels the poor performance of Klal Yisrael in their fulfillment of the Mitzvah of Sukah. The point of the parable remains the same; namely, that rain on Sukos demonstrates Hash-m's displeasure with us. Our Gemara, however, wishes to understand the parable.

15)[line 23] IY EFSHI B'SHIMUSHECH- I do not desire your service

16)[line 24] SHEHA'CHAMAH LOKAH- that there is a solar eclipse (see Insights)

17)[line 25]PANAS- (O.F. lanterne) a glass lantern

18)[line 26]TOL- remove

19)[line 27]ME'OROS- the moon or stars

20)[line 27] SON'EIHEM SHEL YISRAEL- lit. the enemies of Yisrael. This is a euphemism used for Klal Yisrael when the reference holds a negative connotation.

21)[line 27] MELUMADIN B'MAKOSEIHEN- they are used to being stricken

22)[line 28]SOFER- a teacher of children

23)[line 28]RETZU'A- a strap

24)[line 30]MONIN- calculate [their calendar]

25)[line 31]B'MIZRACH- in the eastern [half of the sky, as it rises]

26)[line 32]PANAV- the face of the sun

27)[line 33]SAK- material woven from goats' hair [which is black in color]

28)[line 33] CHITZEI RA'AV- hunger pangs [which blacken one's face]

29)[line 34]B'CHENISASO- as it sets

30)[line 35]ELOHEHA- its representative angel

31)[line 37]" ', '- -, -, - '.""KO AMAR HASH-M, 'EL DERECH HA'GOYIM AL TILMADU, UME'OSOS HA'SHAMAYIM AL TECHATU, KI YECHATU HA'GOYIM ME'HEMAH'"- "Thus said Hash-m, 'Do not learn from the ways of the nations, and do not fear the signs of the Heavens, for the nations fear them" (Yirmeyahu 10:2). Our Gemara explains that only when Klal Yisrael do not follow the example of the nations have they nothing to fear from heavenly portents.

32a)[line 40] NA'ARAH HA'ME'ORASAH- a girl within six months of reaching physical maturity who has undergone Erusin (betrothal; see Background to 24:15) but not Nisu'in (marriage)

b)[line 40] SHE'TZA'AKAH BA'IR V'EIN MOSHI'A LAH- who cried out [when sexually accosted] in an inhabited area, and was not saved (see Devarim 22:23-27 and Background to Pesachim 25:5)

33)[line 41] MISHKAV ZACHOR- male homosexuality

34)[line 42]() []PELASTER- forged documents

35)[line 43] "MEGADLEI BEHEMAH DAKAH B'ERETZ YISRAEL- those who raise sheep and goats in Eretz Yisrael. Because it is impossible to prevent these flocks from grazing upon the land of others, thus destroying settled areas, Ezra ha'Sofer prohibited this in Eretz Yisrael (Bava Kama 82a).

36)[line 43] KOTZETZEI ILANOS TOVOS- those who chop down fruit trees

37)[last line] BA'ALEI BATIM- wealthy individuals

38)[last line] MASH'HEI SHETAROS PERU'IM- creditors who retain promissory notes for debts that have already been paid [in order to a) collect on the debt a second time (RASHI); b) threaten to collect on the debt a second time unless the creditor concedes on a different dispute (MAHARSHA)]


39)[line 1] SHE'HAYAH SIPEK B'YADAM LIMCHOS- that which they would have been able to [successfully] protest [other's transgression of sins, as their affluence translates into influence]

40)[line 2]POSKIM- they pledge

41)[line 4] YOTZ'IN L'TIMYON- a) dwindle and vanish (RASHI); b) go to the treasury of the government (ARUCH)

42a)[line 4] KOVSHEI SECHAR SACHIR- deferring payment of a laborer's wages [requiring him to return many times before he is paid]

b)[line 5] OSHKEI SECHAR SACHIR- withholding payment of a laborer's wages altogether

43)[line 5] SHE'PORKIM OL ME'AL TZAVAREIHEM- that which they throw off the yoke of responsibility from their necks

44)[line 6] GASUS HA'RU'ACH- haughtiness

45)[line 8]" -, - .""VA'ANAVIM YIRESHU ARETZ, V'HIS'ANGU AL ROV SHALOM"- "But the humble shall inherit the earth, and take pleasure in an abundance of peace" (Tehilim 37:11).


46)[line 10]ASHEIRAH- a tree that had been worshipped as an Avodah Zarah. (Asheirah was a popular fertility goddess in the Near East. She is identified with Astarte (Ashteros) and Aphrodite.)

47)[line 11] IR HA'NIDACHAS

(a)If an entire city has strayed (Nidach) to the extent that most of its inhabitants practice idolatry, it must be eradicated. All those who worshipped idols are put to death, while the buildings of the city are razed and its possessions burned (Devarim 13:13-19). Those righteous individuals who did not sin are allowed to remain alive, but they must leave the city bereft of all that they owned.

48)[line 11] NIKTAM ROSHO- if a) the tip of the Teyomes the central double leaf is broken off (first opinion of TOSFOS and the ROSH); b) the tips of most of its upper leaves are broken off (2nd opinion of TOSFOS); c) the tips of most of all its leaves are broken off (2nd opinion of ROSH)

49)[line 12] NIFRETZU ALAV- if a) its leaves are detached [and tied back on] (RASHI); b) [most of] its double leaves are split in half along their common edge (TOSFOS, ROSH)

50)[line 12]NIFREDU- fan outward [from the spine of the Lulav]

51)[line 13]YE'AGDENU- bind them

52)[line 13] TZINEI HAR HA'BARZEL- Lulav branches [with very short leaves that grow on palm trees indigenous to] rocky mountains

53)[line 15] KEDEI L'NA'ANE'A BO- [plus an additional Tefach] through which it is possible to shake it

54)[line 15] KA PASIK V'TANI- our Mishnah unequivocally states [that the Lulavim discussed are invalid]

55)[line 16] YOM TOV SHENI- the second (or, for that matter, any of the remaining days) of Sukos

56)[line 17] HADAR BA'INAN- it must be beautiful (see Insights)

57)[line 19]"[] [ , , -, - ...]""[U'LKACHTEM] LACHEM [BA'YOM HA'RISHON PRI ETZ HADAR, KAPOS TEMARIM, VA'ANAF ETZ AVOS, V'ARVEI NACHAL ...]"- "[And you shall take] for yourselves [on the first day (of Sukos) the fruit of a citron tree, branches of date palms, a twig of a braided tree, and brook willows]" (Vayikra 23:40). (see Background to 27:18)