[28a - 48 lines; 28b - 44 lines]

1)[line 1]MEVATEL- he nullifies [the board to the house, in which case it is clearly prohibited unless it was previously attached]

2)[line 9] HIZKAKTUNI LOMAR ...- a) you have forced me [to reveal the standards to which I hold myself, one of which is that I will not state] that which I never heard from my Rebbi (RASHI); b) are you trying to force me [into saying that which I never heard from my Rebbi? (MAHARSHA)

3)[line 13] LO HINACHTI- I did not leave behind

4)[line 13] SICHAS CHULIN- idle chatter

5a)[line 17] LO HIRHER- he did not think [Torah thoughts]

b)[line 17] B'MEVO'OS HA'METUNAFOS- in dirty alleyways

6a)[line 18]DOMEM- [learning] silently

b)[line 18]SHONEH- [learning] aloud

7)[line 20] HIGI'A ES- the time has arrived

8a)[line 20] CHUTZ ME'ARVEI PESACHIM- with the exception of Erev Pesach [when it was necessary to prepare the Korban Pesach and insure that the children took naps in order to remain awake for the Seder (Pesachim 109a)]

b)[line 21] V'ARVEI YOM HA'KIPURIM- and Erev Yom ha'Kipurim [when one must eat]

9)[line 22] TISHREH ALEIHEM SHECHINAH- the Divine Presence should dwell upon them

10)[line 23] TA'AMOD LA'HEM CHAMAH K'YEHOSHUA BIN NUN- the sun should stand still for them, as it did for Yehoshua Bin Nun [at Giv'on during the conquest of Eretz Yisrael (Yehoshua 10:12-14)]

11a)[line 25]MIKRA- the twenty four books of the Torah

b)[line 25]HALACHOS- Halachos l'Moshe mi'Sinai

c)[line 25]AGADOS- the homiletic discussions of the Gemara

12a)[line 26] DIKDUKEI TORAH- the derivation of Halachos from seemingly extraneous letters in the Torah

b)[line 26] DIKDUKEI SOFRIM- Rabbinic decrees [intended to keep one from sinning]

13a)[line 26] KALIM V'CHAMURIM- logical means of exegesis; more than one Kal va'Chomer

b)[line 27] GEZEIROS SHAVOS- Halachos derived from other unrelated topics in which a like word appears; these cannot be applied without a tradition

14)[line 27]TEKUFOS- calculations of the orbits of the sun and the moon

15a)[line 27] SICHAS MAL'ACHEI HA'SHARES- the ability to enlist the help of angels (MAHARSHAL)

b)[line 27] SICHAS SHEDIM- the ability to enlist the help of demons (MAHARSHAL)

c)[line 28] SICHAS DEKALIM- the ability to portend secrets and wonders based upon the way in which date palm branches and leaves move (see Aruch Erech Sach #1)

16a)[line 28] MISHLOS KOVSIN- parables [through which earlier generations delivered messages of self-improvement] involving launderers

b)[line 28] MISHLOS SHU'ALIM- parables [through which earlier generations delivered messages of self-improvement] involving foxes

17)[line 29] MA'ASEI MERKAVAH- a) metaphysics (RAMBAM, Hilchos Yesodei ha'Torah 2:11, 4:13); b) the workings of the Divine Chariot (RITVA; see Background to 5:24)

18)[line 29]HAVAYOS- questions of

19)[line 30]" , .""L'HANCHIL OHAVAI YESH, V'OTZROSEIHEM AMALEI."- "I have what to bequeath to those who love me, and to fill their storehouses" (Mishlei 8:21).

20)[line 32]PORE'ACH- fly

21)[line 32] MIYAD NISRAF- would be immediately consumed by fire a) due to the fiery angels gathered round to hear his Torah (RASHI); b) due to the fiery Shechinah (Presence of Hash-m) that rested upon him as he learned Torah, just as it rested upon Har Sinai (RABEINU CHANANEL, TOSFOS); c) This is a metaphor, meaning that he would immediately debunk any unsound reasoning presented to him. (introduction to SEFER YUCHASIN)

22)[line 32] ROSHO V'RUBO- his head and most of his body. During the times of the Mishnah and Gemara people ate while reclining; it was therefore appropriate to speak of a Sukah that held only the front of one's body. This is defined as a Sukah of six Tefachim square.

23)[line 34] ?LO KACH HAYAH MAISEH?- did the [following] story not happen as follows?

24)[line 34]L'VAKER- to visit

25)[line 39]KALASO- his daughter-in-law

26)[line 39] PICHES ES HA'MA'AZIVAH- he removed the plaster

27)[line 40] ZEH EZRACH- this refers to men and women alike

28)[line 40]"... [-] [ .]""... [KOL] HA'EZRACH [B'YISRAEL YESHVU BA'SUKOS.]"- "... [all of] the members [of Klal Yisrael should dwell in Sukos]" (Vayikra 23:42).

29)[line 42]"[ -; - ,] [ .]""[... V'CHOL MELACHAH LO SA'ASU,] HA'EZRACH [VEHA'GER HA'GAR B'SOCHECHEM.]"- "[... on the tenth of the seventh month, afflict yourselves; do not perform any Melachah, neither] the member (of Klal Yisrael) [nor the convert who dwells in your midst]" (Vayikra 16:29).

30)[line 44] HILCHESA NINHU- they are [both] Halachos l'Moshe mi'Sinai

31)[line 44] ?HEI KRA V'HEI HILCHESA?- [of the two verses, in which one the added "Hei" includes and in the other it excludes,] which one is the verse [interpreted as it should be], and which one is [interpreted differently due to] the Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai?


(a)Mitzvos that must be performed at a specific time, such as of the day (e.g. daytime only, such as Tzitzis) or year (e.g. Sukah, Lulav, and Shofar) are called Mitzvos Aseh sheha'Zman Geramah. Women are exempt from these Mitzvos, with the exception of Kidush on Friday night, Matzah on Pesach night, the Korban Pesach, Hakhel, and Simchah on Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos.

33)[line]" - [ - ... .]""ISH O ISHA [KI YA'ASU MI'KOL CHAT'OS HA'ADAM ... V'ASHMAH HA'NEFESH HA'HI.]"- "Any man or woman [who transgresses any of the sins of a person ... and that soul shall be found guilty.] (Bamidbar 5:6).


34)[line 6] MAH L'HALAN NASHIM CHAYAVOS- just as women are obligated to eat Matzah, even though it is a time-bound Mitzvah. This is because the Gemara (Pesachim 43b) derives that anyone who may not consume Chametz must eat Matzah on the first night of Pesach.

35)[line 12] TOSEFES INUY- that which the afflictions of Yom ha'Kipurim must begin a bit before nightfall

36)[line 17] KATAN SHE'HIGI'A L'CHINUCH- a child old enough to be educated (this is the same age described in the Mishnah as a child who no longer needs his mother)

37)[line 22]SHE'NIFNEH- who defecates

38)[line 22]MEKANCHASO- wipe him

39)[line 23]SHE'NEI'OR- who awakens

40)[line 23][] !["IMA"] GEDOLIM NAMI KARU!- even those older than thirteen call [for their mother when they awaken]!

41)[line 24] " "V'EINO KOREI "IMA IMA"- and does not call for his mother [repeatedly until she arrives to soothe him]

42)[line 30]KEVA- his main dwelling place

43)[line 31]L'FANOS- to clear out [of the Sukah]

44)[line 31] MISHE'TISRACH HA'MIKPEH- when [food] the [consistency of] porridge is ruined [by the rain]

45)[line 33]LI'MZOG- to pour

46a)[line 34]KITON- the pitcher

b)[line 34] AL PANAV- a) on his face; (b) on its face; i.e., its contents were spilled on the ground

47)[line 36]MATZA'OS- beds upon which one reclines while dining

48)[line 37]METAYEIL- relax

49)[line 42]MESHANEN- to learn

50a)[line 43] MIKRA U'MASNA B'METALALTA- one should learn the verses of the Torah and Mishnayos in the Sukah

b)[line 43] V'TANUY BAR MI'METALALTA- and Gemara (i.e., to delve deeply into the logic and reasoning of the Mishnayos) outside of the Sukah

51)[last line]MIGRAS- review

52)[last line]IYUNEI- intense learning