SUKAH 27 (25 Av 5781) - Dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Raanana, l'Iluy Nishmas his mother, Golda bas Chaim Yitzchak Ozer (Mrs. Gisela Turkel) who passed away on 25 Av 5760. Mrs. Turkel was an exceptional woman with an iron will who loved and respected the study of Torah and accepted Hashem's Gezeiros with love. May she be a Melitzas Yosher for all her offspring and all of Klal Yisrael.

[27a - 45 lines; 27b - 51 lines]

1a)[line 4]דרב יוסףD'RAV YOSEF- of [the opinion expressed] by Rav Yosef (namely, that an Achilas Arai is up to two or three k'Beitzim)

b)[line 5]ואבייV'ABAYE- and [the opinion expressed] by Abaye (namely, that an Achilas Arai is one k'Beitzah)

2)[line 5]ברכהBERACHAH- Birkas ha'Mazon

3)[line 9]אין לדבר קצבהEIN L'DAVAR KITZVAH- the matter is not set; i.e., one need not eat at all, but if he does, then it must be done in the Sukah

4)[line 12]ישליםYASHLIM- should make up for it

5)[line 14]"מְעֻוָּת לֹא יוּכַל לִתְקֹן; וְחֶסְרוֹן לֹא יוּכַל לְהִמָּנוֹת""ME'UVAS LO YUCHAL LISKON; V'CHESRON LO YUCHAL L'HIMANOS"- "That which is twisted cannot be straightened; and that which is missing cannot be counted" (Koheles 1:15).

6)[line 24]מכאן ואילך רשותMI'KAN V'EILACH RESHUS- the rest of Pesach one need not [eat anything, although if he does, it must be Matzah (see Pesachim 120a)]

7)[line 27]והא א"ר אליעזר...V'HA AMAR REBBI ELIEZER...- Since Rebbi Eliezer maintains that one must eat fourteen meals in the Sukah, the make-up meal on Shemini Atzeres must also be in the Sukah. This, however, is forbidden due to Bal Tosif - one may not add on to the Mitzvah of Sukah!

8)[line 31]ריפתאRIFTA- bread

9)[line 31]סעודה דיומיה קא אכיל!SE'UDAH D'YOMEI KA ACHIL!- [it is not discernible as a make-up meal, since] he is eating the meal that he must on that day [which is also Yom Tov]!

10)[line 32]מיני תרגימאMINEI TARGIMA- a) sweet dessert foods such as dried or cooked fruits (RASHI); b) that which is eaten together with bread, such as cheese, fish, or meat (TOSFOS, ROSH)

11)[line 34]אפוטרופוסAPOTROPOS- the (O.F. seneschal) steward

12)[line 34]אגריפס המלךAGRIPAS HA'MELECH- King Agrippa. Agrippa, grandson of King Herod, ruled from 41-44 CE. Agrippa was a pious and benevolent king; he was the last monarch to rule Klal Yisrael.

13)[line 37]אתה ממשיך כמה פרפראותATAH MAMSHICH KAMAH PARPERA'OS- you prolong [your meal] with many appetizing dishes

14)[line 39]קונךKONECHA- your a) master; b) creator

15)[line 44]בטל מצותה של ראשונהBATEL MITZVASAH SHEL RISHONAH- the Mitzvah of the first [Sukah] is nullified; that is, one must dwell in only one Sukah for all of Sukos


16)[line 4]שויןSHAVIN- they agree

17)[line 8]עשה סוכה בחגASAH SUKAH B'CHAG- he build a Sukah during [the seven days of] Sukos

18)[line 13]לולבו של חבירוLULAVO SHEL CHAVEIRO - his friend's Lulav (ARBA MINIM)

(a)Every adult Jewish male must hold four types of branches or fruits on the first day of Sukos. These four species consist of Pri Etz Hadar (an Esrog; a citron, which is closely related to the lemon), Kapos Temarim (a Lulav; a branch from a palm tree cut prior to the opening and spreading of its leaves), Anaf Etz Avos (Hadasim; myrtle branches) and Arvei Nachal (Aravos; willow branches) (Vayikra 23:40). It is customary to hold one Esrog, one Lulav, three Hadasim, and two Aravos. The Esrog is held in the left hand, whereas the other three species are held together in the right.

(b)According to Torah law, these species must be taken only on the first day of Sukos anywhere but in the Beis ha'Mikdash. Once the Beis ha'Mikdash was destroyed, Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai decreed that all of Klal Yisrael should take them for all seven days of Sukos in commemoration of the way in which they were taken in the Mikdash.

(c)One must own his set of Arba Minim in order to fulfill the Biblical commandment on the first day of Sukos. It is insufficient to borrow a set, even with the permission of the owner. This is because the Torah commands that one take the Lulav etc. "for yourself" (ibid.).

19)[line 21]אזרחEZRACH- member

20)[line 22]כל ישראל ראוים לישב בסוכה אחתKOL YISRAEL RE'UYIM LEISHEV B'SUKAH ACHAS- It is possible for all of Klal Yisrael to sit in one Sukah. It is impossible, however, for all of them to own a stake in that Sukah that is worth a Shavah Perutah - the minimum worth of value. It must therefore be that some of them are sitting in a borrowed Sukah.

21)[line 26]גר שנתגייר בינתיםGER SHE'NISGAYER BEINTAYIM- one who converted to Judaism during Sukos [and is therefore unable to dwell in a Sukah for all seven days of Sukos that year]

22)[line 29]להקביל פניL'HAKBIL PNEI- to visit with

23)[line 31]אינך משובתי הרגלEINCHA MI'SHOVSEI HA'REGEL- you are not among those who rest [at home] during the festival [as would be proper]

24)[line 32]העצלניןHA'ATZLANIM- those who are [so] lazy [that they never leave their house]

25)[line 33]"... וְשָׂמַחְתָּ אַתָּה וּבֵיתֶךָ""... V'SAMACHTA ATAH U'VEISECHA"- "... and you and your household (i.e., your wife) shall rejoice" (Devarim 14:26).

26)[line 35]"[וַיֹּאמֶר,] 'מַדּוּעַ אַתְּ הֹלֶכֶת אֵלָיו הַיּוֹם, לֹא חֹדֶשׁ וְלֹא שַׁבָּת?' ...""[VA'YOMER,] 'MADU'A AT HOLECHES ELAV HA'YOM, LO CHODESH V'LO SHABBOS?' ..." - "And he said [to his wife], 'Why are you going to [Elisha] today? It is neither Rosh Chodesh nor Shabbos!' ..." (Melachim II 4:23) (ELISHA RESURRECTS A CHILD)

(a)A Shunamis woman built a special room containing a bed, a table, a chair, and a lamp to accommodate the Navi Elisha when he was in that area. In gratitude, Elisha asked how he could return the favor, but she insisted that she desired no recompense. Elisha's servant Geichazi pointed out that she and her husband were childless. Elisha promised them a child, which indeed came to pass as a result of his prayers on their behalf.

(b)After a number of years the child died of sunstroke. His mother placed him on Elisha's bed and closed the door of the room. She then prepared to set out to Elisha. Her husband was unaware that anything untoward had occurred.

(c)From his question in response to her setting out, our Gemara derives that it is proper to visit one's Rebbi on Shabbos, Rosh Chodesh [and Yom Tov (see Insights)].

(d)When Elisha heard what had occurred, he hurried back to the house, prayed to HaSh-m, and miraculously brought the child back to life. The child grew up to become Chabakuk ha'Navi.

27)[line 38]הא דאזיל ואתי ביומיהHA D'AZIL V'ASI B'YOMEI- that [which one should visit his Rebbi on Yom Tov] is when he is able to go and return that day

28)[line 40]גליל העליוןGALIL HA'ELYON- the upper Galilee. This refers to the hilly terrain north of Lake Kineret in northern Eretz Yisrael.

29a)[line 41]קיסריKEISARI- Caeseria, a port city located between Tel Aviv and Haifa first built by King Herod

b)[line 41]קיסריוןKEISARIYON- a district of Caeseria (Phillipi?); modern-day Banyas

30)[line 41]חמהCHAMAH- the [heat of the] sun

31)[line 41]מהו שאפרוש עליה סדין?MAHU SHE'EFROS ALEHA SADIN?- May I spread a sheet over the Sukah [or is it prohibited due to Boneh (building; constructing or improving a structure), one of the thirty-nine Melachos of Shabbos (see Background to Shekalim 13:50)]? (see also Eruvin 86b)

32)[line 43]שופטSHOFET- this was the title of the leader of Klal Yisrael from the times of Yehoshua until Sha'ul ha'Melech (see RASHI for a complete list)

33)[line 45]מרגלותיוMARGELOSAV- his feet

34)[line 46]הפשילHIFSHIL- gathered up and slung

35)[line 46]ויצאV'YATZAH- and he left [so that it should not be said that he permitted it]

36)[line 47]הפליגו בדבריםHIFLIGO B'DEVARIM- he wished to be argumentative [and did not desire to teach him Torah]

37)[line 49]שבת הואיSHABBOS HAVA'I- it was Shabbos (and not Yom Tov)

38)[line 50]ותיפשוט ליה מדידיה!V'TIFSHOT LEI MI'DIDEI!- let [Rebbi Eliezer] derive [the ruling in this case] from what he himself [ruled elsewhere]!

39)[line 50]פקק החלוןPEKAK HA'CHALON- a) a board used to seal a skylight (RASHI to Shabbos 137b); b) a board used to seal a window; i.e., a shutter (TOSFOS ibid. 125b DH ha'Kol)

40)[line 50]קשור ותלויKASHUR V'TALUY- it is [permanently] tied [to] and hanging [from the wall or ceiling of the house]