1)

THE LISHAKOS

(a)

In Beis Avtinas he learned Chafinah.

(b)

(R. Papa): He had two Lishkos, one Parhedrin and one was Beis Avtinas, one in the North and one in the South.

(c)

The Mishnah lists the six Lishkos in the Azarah.

1.

Lishkas ha'Melach - South

2.

Lishkas ha'Parvah- South, above which was the Mikveh of the Kohen Gadol.

3.

Lishkas ha'Madichin- South, and steps leading to the roof of the Beis ha'Parvah.

4.

Lishkas ha'Etz- North (R. Elazar b. Ya'akov forgot its purpose) Abba Sha'ul reported that it was for the Kohen Gadol.

5.

Lishkas ha'Golah- North, the water supply.

6.

Lishkas ha'Gazis- North, for the Sanhedrin who judged the fitness of the Kohanim.

i.

Those who were found Pasul...

ii.

Those who were found Kasher...

(d)

In addition to the one in the North, the Kohen Gadol had a Lishkah in the South (one of the Lishkos reported alongside the southern of the seven Gates).

(e)

R. Papa was unclear as to which of his Lishkos (Parhedrin or Beis Avtinas) was in the North and South.

(f)

It seemed likely that Parhedrin was in the North to minimize his walking back and forth during his day's activities.

(g)

Question: But troubling him is a good thing if it:

1.

Discouraged Tzedukim from staying on the job.

2.

Prevented a swelled head (since we could cause him even less walking if we so desired, by relocating or even concentrating his Lishkos).

2)

AGENCY

(a)

Question: Our Mishnah may be a refutation of R. Huna b. R. Yehoshuah!?

1.

He taught that a Kohen is considered an agent of Heaven, not of the one bringing the offering.

2.

This is supported by the general rule of agency that the agent may not do anything which the one who appointed him may not do himself.

3.

Yet the Mishnah calls the Kohen Gadol the agent of the officers?

19b----------------------------------------19b

(b)

Answer: The oath is taken under the assumptions of the Beis Din, not that he is their actual agent.

3)

AN OATH AMIDST TEARS

(a)

He cried on account of their suspicion that he was a Tzedoki.

(b)

They cried because one who groundlessly suspects another will be personally afflicted.

(c)

Question: What was all the suspicion about?

(d)

Answer: Regarding the departure from tradition of the Tzedokim, as demonstrated in the reported incident.

1.

A Tzedoki performed the Avodah in their incorrect manner.

2.

His father warned him not to openly disobey the Perushim.

3.

He was pleased with his compliance with their misunderstanding.

4.

He did not live long, as reported.

4)

SPEAKING OR SIGNALING DURING SHEMA

(a)

Rav signaled that the name was Kavutal.

(b)

Question: Why didn't he say the name?

(c)

Answer: He was in the middle of Keri'as Shema.

(d)

Question: Then how was he permitted to signal (two Beraisos which demonstrate the prohibition of doing so)?

(e)

Answer: These speak during the first paragraph, whereas Rav was in the second.

5)

VEDIBARTA BAM

(a)

The Pasuk teaches that one must hear himself for Keri'as Shema but not for Tefilah.

(b)

Further, one is exclusively permitted to speak words of Torah.

(c)

Also, make these words permanent, not passing.

(d)

One who speaks non-Torah matters violates an Asei...

(e)

He also violates a Lav...

6)

MISHNAH: KEEPING THE KOHEN GADOL UP AT NIGHT

(a)

The young Kohanim would snap their fingers to rouse him.

(b)

If he was very drowsy they would get him to stand up.

(c)

They would occupy him until the time for Shechitah.

7)

SNAPPING

(a)

Question: Which is the Etzba Tzerada?

(b)

Answer: The Tzarah to the other (the thumb).

(c)

R. Huna demonstrated the snap and it made quite a noise.

8)

GETTING THE KOHEN GADOL TO STAND UP

(a)

They would ask him to show them something new.

(b)

This was the bowing (which was to the ground without touching it).

(c)

They would not use instruments to occupy the Kohen Gadol; rather they would sing to him ("Im Hash-m Lo Yivneh... ").

(d)

The precious Jews of Yerushalayim would also stay up so that the sounds of their Torah would rouse the Kohen Gadol.

(e)

Aba Shaul reported that this was done even after the Churban in various places, but it sometimes led to sin (as reported in the conversation between Eliyahu and R. Yehudah).

1.

What does Hash-m say...?

2.

What does the Satan say...?

(f)

We learn from the reported incident that the Satan has no power to accuse on Yom Kipur (his number is only 364).

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