[112a - 40 lines; 112b - 42 lines]

1)[line 5]תרי דשיTEREI DASHEI- two openings, where opening either one makes it possible to take off the garment, albeit with difficulty

2)[line 8]רויחא להREVICHA LAH- it (her headdress) is tied on loosely

3)[line 8]מישלף שלפא להMISHLAF SHALFA LAH- she takes it off without untying it

4)[line 14]דאושכפיD'USHKEFEI- the knot made by the shoemaker that holds the strap to the shoe

5)[line 15]דרבנןD'RABANAN- the knot with which the Chachamim tie their shoes which is tied in such a way that their shoes can be slipped on and off without having to tie and untie them

6)[line 15]דבני מחוזאD'BNEI MECHOZA- [the tight knot with which] the residents of Mechoza [tie their shoes]

7)[line 16]דטייעיD'TAYE'EI- [the knot] made by the shoemaker that holds the strap to the sandal of an Arab merchant

8)[line 16]חומרתא דקטרי אינהוCHUMRATA D'KATRI INHU- the knot made by the owner of the sandal that holds the strap to the sandal, which may last a week or a month

9a)[line 17]דנפקי ביה בי תריD'NAFKEI BEI BEI TREI- a sandal that two different people can use, depending upon how the straps are tied

b)[line 19]ינוקיהYENUKEI- his child

10)[line 24]גמי לחGEMI LACH- a moist reed or bulrush

11)[line 26]לא מינטרLO MINTAR- it is not guarded, i.e. people will take it

12)[line 29]אזניוOZNAV- the straps at the back of the sandal used to pull the sandal on

13)[line 29]תרסיותיוTEREISIYOSAV- leather loops that hold the sandal laces

14a)[line 31]פנימיתPENIMIS- the inner [strap]

b)[line 31]החיצונהCHITZONAH- the outer [strap]

15)[line 33]חליצהCHALITZAH (YIBUM / CHALITZAH)

(a)If a married man dies childless and has brothers who survive him, his widow (or widows) may not remarry until one of the deceased husband's brothers performs Yibum (levirate marriage) or Chalitzah (levirate release) with the widow (or one of the widows), as it states in Devarim 25:5-10. Chazal learn from the verses that if there are a number of brothers, there is a preference for the oldest brother to perform Yibum or Chalitzah (Yevamos 24a). If the conditions for the Mitzvah of Yibum do not exist, marital relations between a man and his brother's wife are prohibited and make them liable to the punishment of Kares.

(b)Yibum is a type of marriage. Unlike ordinary Kidushin, though, it can be accomplished only through Bi'ah and not through Kesef or Shtar (see Background to Kidushin 2:1:II:b). Nevertheless, the Rabanan instituted that one should precede Yibum with an act similar to Kidushei Kesef or Shtar, which is known as Ma'amar (see Background to Kidushin 43:19). The Bi'ah must be performed with the intention of fulfilling the Mitzvah.

(c)If the brother chooses not to marry her, he must perform Chalitzah (a procedure in Beis Din that absolves her of the Mitzvah of Yibum - ibid.). He appears before a Beis Din of three (but see Insights to Yevamos 101:2) and states, "I do not want to marry her," after which his sister-in-law approaches him before the elders, takes off his right sandal and spits on the floor in front of him. She then declares, "This is what shall be done to the man who will not build up a family for his brother," and she is then free to marry whomever she wants.

(d)The connection of the brother to the dead man's wife, which obligates Yibum or Chalitzah, is called Zikah. Even if the brother was born on the day of the man's death (before he dies), the one-day-old is Zokek l'Yibum (obligates the widow in one of the two Mitzvos). If the brother was born after the man's death, he is not Zokek l'Yibum.


16)[line 4]מדרסMIDRAS

(a)A Zav (see Background to Shabbos 83:2a), Zavah (see Background to Shabbos 83:2b), Nidah (see Background to Shabbos 82:30a), or Yoledes can cause objects that are under them to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether they touch them or not. The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav (or the Tachton of a Zav, Zavah, etc.). An object under a Zav, etc., becomes a Midras only if it was made for lying, sitting, or leaning upon. Earthenware objects (Klei Cheres) cannot become Midras.

(b)A person who touches (Maga) or carries (Masa) either a Midras (or a Zav, etc., themselves), along with the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he is touching at the time, get the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.

17)[line 28]פנים חדשותPANIM CHADASHOS- a new appearance, i.e. a new entity

18)[line 30]לית דין בר אינשLEIS DEIN BAR INASH- this one (Rebbi Yochanan) is not a human (but rather an angel)

19)[line 37]אוניUNEI- leather spouts

20)[line 39]שלאכאSHAL'ACHA- (O.F. brocon) spout (of a pot)

21)[last line]תרתי איסריTARTEI ISAREI- two ropes blocking the opening, one tied higher than the other; alt., the rope has two knots which are tied on Shabbos, one on either side of the opening