SHABBOS 82 (4 Sivan) - Dedicated in memory of those members of the family of Rabbi Kornfeld's father, Mr. David Kornfeld, who perished at the hands of the Nazi murderers in the Holocaust, Hashem Yikom Damam: His mother (Mirel bas Yakov Mordechai), brothers (Shraga Feivel, Aryeh Leib and Yisachar Dov sons of Mordechai), grandfather (Reb Yakov Mordechai ben Reb David Shpira) and aunt (Charne bas Yakov Mordechai, the wife of Reb Moshe Aryeh Cohen zt'l). Their Yahrzeit is observed on 4 Sivan.

[82a - 45 lines; 82b - 28 lines]

1)[line 1]כינאKINA- a louse

2)[line 2]אמנייכוA'MANAICHU- upon your clothes

3)[line 2]לא שליף לכו ירקא ואכיל לכוLO SHALIF LECHU YARKA V'ACHIL LECHU- you do not remove and eat one stalk [before untying the bunch]

4)[line 2]מכישא דאסיר גינאהMI'KISHA D'ASIR GINA'A- from a bunch of vegetables that were tied by a farmer

5)[line 5]מחדדן שמעתיהMECHADEDAN SHEMA'ATEI- his teachings are very exact, sharp

6)[line 6]מותיב לי במילי דעלמאMOSIV LI B'MILEI D'ALMA- he discusses with me worldly matters

7)[line 7]א''לA"L- Amar Li - [For example,] he (Rav Chisda) said to me (Rabah)

8)[line 8]בהדיאB'HEDYA- quickly and forcefully

9)[line 8]ולא ליטרח טפיLO LITRACH TEFEI- he should not bear down overly much (O.F. prembre)

10)[line 9]כרכשתאKARKASHTA- large intestine

11)[line 9]אתלת שיני יתיבA'TLAS SHINEI YASIV- is attached by three rectal muscles

12)[line 10]משתמטאMISHTAMTA- become detached

13)[line 11]בחיי דברייתאB'CHAYEI D'BERYESA- [with matters that pertain to] the lives of people

14)[line 16]אוגני כליםOGNEI CHELIM- with rims of pottery vessels (which are smooth)

15)[line 16]צרור ועשביםTZROR V'ASAVIM- This question applies to weekdays. However, according to the second explanation in Rashi, it applies to Shabbos.

16)[line 20]רוח רעהRU'ACH RA'AH- bad breath

17)[line 20]רוח זוהמאRU'ACH ZUHAMA- bad body odor

18)[line 26]לא מפניLO MAFNEI- he will not defecate

19)[line 27]שפך כקדרהSHAFACH KI'KEDEIRAH- he defecated as if a pot were being emptied of its liquid contents

20)[line 30]פציםPATZIM- a board

21)[line 30]לחתותLACHTOS- to stoke

22)[line 32]"ולא ימצא במכיתתו חרש לחתות אש מיקוד, [ולחשף מים מגבא]""V'LO YIMATZEI BI'MECHITASO CHERES LACHTOS ESH MI'YAKUD, [V'LACHSOF MAYIM MI'GEVEI]"- "[And He shall break it as the breaking of the potter's vessel that is smashed in pieces; He shall not have pity;] and there will not be found in its destruction a shard sufficient for taking fire from the hearth, [or for taking water out of the cistern.]" (Yeshayah 30:14) - The prophet describes the destruction of the ten tribes of Yisrael because of their sins, which included putting their trust in mere mortals (the Egyptians) and not in HaSh-m.

23)[line 35]מקראMI'KRA- from the verse [it is proven]

24)[line 36]לייט לה במנא זוטראLAYIT LEI B'MANA ZUTRA- he [first] curses them that they should not have small utensils

25)[line 37]לחתות אש מיקידה גדולהLACHTOS ESH ME'YEKIDAH GEDOLAH- [it is referring to a case in which one wishes] to stoke a large fire (which requires a large potsherd to avoid getting burned)

26)[line 39]לא לישתכח ליהLO LISHTAKE'ACH LEI- it will not be found


27)[line 42]אמר רבי עקיבאAMAR REBBI AKIVA- see Insights for an explanation of what this is doing here

28)[line 42]משאMASA

One of the actions through which Tum'ah is transferred is called Masa (carrying). A person who carries an object that is an Av ha'Tum'ah (unless it is a Sheretz) becomes a Rishon l'Tum'ah. In addition, any clothes he is wearing or objects (except for earthenware utensils) he is touching while he carries the Av ha'Tum'ah become a Rishon l'Tum'ah.

29)[line 43]"תזרם כמו דוה, צא תאמר לו""TIZREM KEMO DAVAH, TZEI TOMAR LO"- "[You shall also defile the silver plating of your carved idols, and the golden ornaments of your molten images;] you shall cast them away as a menstrual thing, you shall say to it, 'Get out of here!'" (Yeshayah 30:22) - The prophet describes the process of repentance that will take place among the Jews. All of their idols will be defiled and cast away.

30)[line 43]נדהNIDAH

(a)By Torah Law, a woman who has her period is a Nidah for seven days. It makes no difference whether she saw blood only one time or for the entire seven days. At the end of seven days, after nightfall, she can immerse in a Mikvah to become Tehorah if she has stopped seeing blood. (If she sees blood during the following eleven days, she becomes a Zavah.)

(b)A Nidah, like a Zav or Zavah or Yoledes, can cause objects that are under her to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether she touches them or not. The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Nidah (or the Tachton of a Nidah). An object under a Nidah becomes a Midras only if it was made for lying, sitting, or leaning upon. Earthenware objects (Klei Cheres) cannot become Midras.

(c)A person who touches (Maga) or carries (Masa) either a Midras or the Nidah herself, along with the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he is touching at the time, gets the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.

(d)Utensils or clothes which lie above the Nidah also get the status of a Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether they touch her or not. These are called the Elyon of a Nidah.

31)[line 44]סמוך לעבודה זרהSAMUCH L'AVODAH ZARAH- that is, he had a wall next to a house of Avodah Zarah, where the house itself was an Avodah Zarah that was worshipped (RAMBAN, RASHI Avodah Zarah 47b)


32)[line 1]נידון מחצה על מחצהNIDON MECHETZAH AL MECHETZAH- [if the Jew had a wall in common with a house of Avodah Zarah,] he begins to measure the four Amos from the center of the fallen wall (lit. it is judged half and half, i.e. half for the Jew and half for the Avodah Zarah).

33)[line 6]נכרינהו מינךNAKRINHU MINECH- estrange and distance them from you

34)[line 9]אבן מסמאEVEN MESAMA

(a)RASHI explains that Even Mesama is a stone that is set up on poles or supports, such that the clothes or utensils underneath it do not touch it.

(b)TOSFOS, quoting RABEINU TAM, states that it is a stone that is so heavy that there is no recognizable pressure from the Nidah who is on it to the clothing or utensils under it.

(c)RASHI (to Nidah 55a) explains that it is a stone that is too heavy to move. The Nidah is on the stone and the stone is resting on clothing or utensils that become Teme'im. Although the Nidah is on top of the clothing or utensils that are under the stone, since the stone is too heavy to carry the normal Tum'as Masa does not apply to them.


(a)It is prohibited to derive any benefit from objects used in the service of Avodah Zarah, as is learned from Devarim 7:26. Anyone who benefits from them receives Malkus two times: once for the prohibition in the above verse and once for the prohibition in Devarim 13:18.

(b)Objects of Avodah Zarah themselves and the utensils that are used in their service must be destroyed, as it states in Devarim 12:2, 7:5.

(c)The utensils that are used in the service of Avodah Zarah have a lesser degree of Tum'ah (mid'Rabanan) than Avodah Zarah itself. They can make a person Tamei through touching (Maga) but they do not transfer Tum'ah through Masa (carrying) or Even Mesama (see above, #34).

36)[line 16]אינה לאבריןEINAH L'EVARIN- the Tum'ah of Nidah does not apply to the detached limbs of a Nidah