[42a - 27 lines; 42b - 28 lines]
1)[line 2]ארבעים ושלש של יום הכפוריםARBA'IM V'SHALOSH SHEL YOM HA'KIPURIM- the [combined total of] 43 sprinklings of blood of the Par Yom ha'Kipurim and the Se'ir Yom ha'Kipurim. (The blood of each Korban was brought into the Kodesh ha'Kodashim. The blood of the Par was sprinkled toward the Aron once upward and seven times downward, and the blood of the Sa'ir was sprinkled toward the Aron once upward and seven times downward, for a total of 16. The blood was then brought out to the Heichal, where this series of sprinklings was repeated, toward the Paroches, bringing the total to 32. The bloods were then combined and applied to each of the four Keranos of the inner Mizbe'ach, and then sprinkled seven times on the top of the Mizbe'ach, resulting in eleven applications to the inner Mizbe'ach, and bringing the total to 43 applications of Dam.)
2)[line 2]ואחד עשר של פר כהן משיחV'ECHAD ASAR SHEL PAR KOHEN MASHI'ACH- and the 11 sprinklings of the Par Kohen Gadol (the seven sprinklings toward the Paroches, and once on each of the four Keranos of the inner Mizbe'ach)
3)[line 4]בראשונהBA'RISHONAH- [whether the thought of Pigul occurred] during the first set of sprinklings (in the Kodesh ha'Kodashim)
4)[line 10]שפיגל בשחיטהSHE'PIGEL BA'SHECHITAH- that the Kohen had a thought of Pigul during the Shechitah [of the first, second or third animal, according to Rebbi Meir, since the Shechitah is a complete Avodah of its own and is considered an entire Matir of the animal]
5)[line 13]ומנחת כהניםU'MINCHAS KOHANIM (MINCHAS KOHANIM)
A voluntary Korban Minchah (see Background to Menachos 72:25-26) that is brought by a Kohen does not need Kemitzah. Similarly, a Korban Minchas Chotei (see Background to Menachos 72:30) that is brought by a Kohen does not need Kemitzah (but Rebbi Shimon argues - Menachos 72b). The entire Minchah is burned on the Mizbe'ach. This is learned from the verse, "v'Chol Minchas Kohen, Kalil Tiheyeh, Lo Se'achel" - "And every meal-offering of a Kohen shall be entirely offered; it shall not be eaten" (Vayikra 6:16).
6)[line 13]ומנחת כהן משיחU'MINCHAS KOHEN MASHI'ACH (MINCHAS CHAVITIN)
(a)The Kohen Gadol offers a Minchah every day that consists of 1/10 of an Eifah of wheat flour made into twelve wafers or rolls. They were fried in olive oil in a flat pan after being boiled and baked. Half of the rolls were offered in the morning and half towards evening. They were completely burned on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 6:12-15). The Chavitin had to be brought from the money of the Kohen Gadol, but he did not actually have to offer them on the Mizbe'ach. The amount of oil that was used for each of the Chavitin was one Revi'is.
(b)An ordinary Kohen, on the day that he begins his service in the Beis ha'Mikdash, must bring a Korban Minchah that is the same as the Minchas Chavitin that the Kohen Gadol brings every day (Vayikra 6:13). His Korban is known as the Minchas Chinuch (RAMBAM Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 13:2-4).
7)[line 14]מנחת נסכיםMINCHAS NESACHIM
The Minchas Nesachim is a Korban Minchah (meal-offering) that is brought together with a Korban Shelamim or Olah, whether the Korban is offered by the Tzibur (Bamidbar 28:11-15, 20-21) or by an individual (Bamidbar 15:3-16). It is called Minchas "Nesachim" because it is normally brought along with the Nesachim (wine libations) that are offered with these Korbanos.
8)[line 15]עד שיקריב את כולןAD SHE'YAKRIV ES KULAN- until he offers them up in their entirety; i.e. these items effect atonement only when offered in their entirety, and one is not liable for offering them outside the Beis ha'Mikdash unless he offers them in their entirety
9)[line 18]ממקום שפסק משם הוא מתחילMI'MAKOM SHE'PASAK MI'SHAM HU MASCHIL- from the place where the Kohen ended the application of the blood of the first animal, from there he commences the remaining applications with the blood of the second animal
10)[line 1]אמר מרAMAR MAR- lit. the master said. Here, those who challenged Reish Lakish interpret the Beraisa as dealing with a case where the Kohen had a thought of Pigul during either the first, second, or third set of applications. This led them to conclude that according to Rebbi Meir, one is able to effect Pigul through intent during even part of a Matir.
11)[line 4]כהרצאת כשר כך הרצאת פסולK'HARTZA'AS KASHER KACH HARTZA'AS PASUL
(a)A Korban receives the status of Pigul if at least one of the primary four Avodos of the Korban - Shechitah, Kabalah, Holachah, and Zerikah - has been performed with intent to eat the Korban after its allotted time (Machsheves Pigul). Therefore, one will not receive a penalty of Kares for consuming a Korban upon which there was a Machsheves Pigul until after the Zerikas ha'Dam.
(b)This is true, however, only if these four Avodos are otherwise performed properly. If one of these Avodos is performed with Machsheves Pigul while another is performed with a different disqualifying intention (Machsheves Pesul), one who consumes the Korban does not incur the punishment of Kares.
12)[line 7]כמאן דלא אדי דמיK'MAN D'LO ADI DAMI- [the Korban is invalid] as if he did not sprinkle [its blood] at all
13)[line 13]אין מערבין לקרנותEIN ME'ARVIN L'KERANOS- [the blood of the Par and that of the Sa'ir] should not be mixed together [before they are applied] to the corners [of the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav, although they should be mixed before their application to the top of the Mizbe'ach (Yoma 57b, Tosfos, Tosfos Yeshanim)]
14)[line 15]שיריים מעכביןSHIRAYIM ME'AKVIN- [the Korban is valid not only when the main part of the atonement - the sprinkling or application of the blood - is performed, but] even the pouring of the remainder of the blood must be done in order for the Korban to be valid and achieve atonement. (This is the subject of a Machlokes Tana'im; see Yoma 60b.)
15)[line 16]במה דברים אמוריםBA'MEH DEVARIM AMURIM- in what regard is it said [that a Minchah offering becomes Pigul when the Kohen has a thought of Pigul while involved with the Kometz and not with the Levonah]?