AGADIC INTERPRETATIONS (cont'd)
"ve'Ata Nafsheinu Yeveishah..." - They were concerned that they would die from the food which they did not excrete. (R. Yishmael's teaching is deleted here by the GRA.)
"Lechem Abirim Achal Ish... " - This is Yehoshua for whom Manna fell (Yehoshua is called 'Ish' and is equated with all of Klal Yisrael).
Question: Perhaps "Ish" refers to Moshe, about whom it says "ve'ha'Ish"?
Answer: It is more reasonable to connect to "Ish".
Question (students of R. Shimon b. Yochai): Why didn't the Manna fall once for the whole year?
Answer: Mashal to a King (Hash-m)... who established a daily dependant relationship with his son (the large families of Klal Yisrael).
Alternate Answers: So that it would be warm and fresh or, to lighten their load.
R. Elazar ha'Moda'i stated (before the Chachamim) that the Manna was 60 Amos high.
The Chachamim were not, at first, pleased, until R. Elazar justified his innovation based on the Pesukim.
He made the calculation based on the four times 15 Amos of water which came down during the Mabul (Midas Pur'aniyos from two Arubos), and inferred the Midah Tovah of the Manna as greater than that disaster (eight Arubos- two Dalsos each with four Arubos).
(Isi b. Yehudah): The Manna rose until all the Kingdoms of East and West could see it (as implied by the Pasuk in Tehilim).
(Abaye): "Kosi Revayah... " The size of the future cup of David ha'Melech.
Question (on R. Elazar ha'Moda'i): But the measure came by the flood in 40 days (960 hours), and here we are speaking of that which fell in one hour!?
Further Question: The flood covered the entire world, and here it all fell on the Machaneh Yisrael!?
Answer: R. Elazar ha'Moda'i was speaking of the Pesichah (initial opening) of the Arubos.
THE FIVE INUYIM
Question: How are these Inuyim alluded to in the Torah?
Answer: The five references to Inuy in the Pesukim, as listed.
Question: But there are six Inuyim!?
Answer: Eating and drinking are counted as one.
Question: How do we know this?]
Answer: Resh Lakish derives this from the fact that the Torah uses the word "ve'Achalta" when one of the items referred to is wine.
Question: Perhaps the wine was part of a food dish?
Answer: Rather, the source is "ve'Nasata ha'Kesef... ba'Yayin u'va'Sheichar... ve'Achalta" (beverage spoken of as Achilah).
Question: Perhaps, this, too refers to Anigron?
Answer: The Pasuk refers to an intoxicating beverage (not a food ingredient, thus that drinking is part of Achilah).
Question: But we find illustrations of intoxicating foods (Deveilah Ka'ilis)!?
Answer: Rather, we learn from Nazir who is forbidden to drink wine (Sheichar), so, too, here, by Ma'aser Sheini we are speaking of wine, not an ingredient.
Question: But "Tirosh" is grapes, not wine as we find that one who makes a Neder to abstain from Tirosh is forbidden to eat sweet fruits, but is permitted to drink wine!?
We suggest three Pesukim indicating that "Tirosh" is, indeed, wine, two of which are rejected.
Answer: Rather, "Tirosh" is wine, and the reason for the permission regarding Nedarim is because people do not generally refer to wine as 'Tirosh' and we thus interpret the words of his Neder to refer to sweet fruit.
Question: Why is wine called by two names, "Yayin" and "Tirosh"?
Answer: 'Yayin' brings Yelalah; 'Tirosh' brings poverty (Rash) to its adherents.
Question (R. Kehana): How may we resolve the K'siv ("Tirash") with the K'ri ("Tirosh")?
Answer: One who is Zocheh (drinks in proper measure) becomes a Rosh; one who is not becomes a pauper (Rashi).
Question (Rava): How may we resolve the K'siv ("Yishmach") with the K'ri ("Yismach")?
Answer: If drunk in proper measure is gladdens ("Yismach"); if not, it destroys ("Yishmach").
As Rava stated 'Wine and fragrance (in their proper measure) contributed to my wisdom'
LEARNING RECHITZAH FROM SICHAH
Question: How do we know that washing and anointing are called Inuyim?
Answer: From the mourning of Daniel, "Lechem Chamudos Lo Achalti... ve'Shoch Lo Sachti".
Question: What is the "Lechem Chamudos" from which he refrained?
Answer: Bread made from clean flour.
Question: How do we know that "Soch Lo Sachti" means Inuy?
Answer: From Gavriel's assurance to Daniel ("Lehis'anos").
Question: That covers Sichah, but what of Rechitzah?
Answer: The Pasuk in Tehilim equates water on the skin to anointing with oil.
Question: Maybe the anointing in the Pasuk is like drinking?
Answer: The Pasuk implies that the water came into his system similarly to oil.
Question: But the Tana in Shabbos learns oil from water (that Sichah is like drinking) not water from oil!?
The Mishnah there asks how we know that Sichah is forbidden like drinking on Yom Kipur.
In response, the Tana quotes the very same Pasuk in Tehilim, "va'Tavo ka'Mayim... ".
Answer: Rather, Rechitzah is implicit in the words "ve'Soch Lo Sachti" in Daniel.