THE EIMUREI HA'REGALIM
The Eimurim are not distributed, they are burnt!?
Answer (R. Chisda): It refers to that which is taught regarding the Eimurei Regalim (that every Kohen has equal rights in the Korbanos of the Regalim, and only of the Regalim).
EQUAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE LECHEM HA'PANIM
Question: What is the source for equally dividing the Lechem ha'Panim among all the Mishmaros?
Answer: Chelek k'Chelek teaches that just as they are equal in the Avodah, they are equal in Achilah.
Question: What Achilah is being referred to?
Answer: Eating the Korbanos.
Question: But that is learned from the Pasuk LaKohen ha'Makriv Osa Lo Sihyeh!?
Answer: Rather, Chelek k'Chelek teaches about allocating the Lechem ha'Panim.
The Beraisa goes on to exclude other Chovos (unrelated to the Regel) from equal allocation.
Rather, those Korbanos go to the Mishmar of that week (Mimkarav - that which was bartered between the Batei Av of the Kohanim, ie. the Mishamaros).
SUKAH AND THEN SHE'HECHEYANU, OR THE REVERSE
(Rav): Recite Leshev ba'Sukah, then Shehechiyanu (Z'man).
(Rabah bar bar Chanah): Z'man then Sukah.
(Rav's rationale): Chiyuv of the day comes first.
(Rabah bar bar Chanah): Tadir takes precedence.
Question: This Machlokes seems to be originally between Beis Hillel and Beis Shamai!?
(Beis Shamai): Sanctification of Shabbos then wine.
(Beis Hillel): Wine then Yom (Kidush).
Two rationales for Beis Shamai:
Yom causes the wine to precede the Seudah.
The Day is Kodesh (on its own) even before the wine is introduced.
Two rationales for Beis Hillel:
Without wine he could not say Kidush.
Tadir takes precedence.
Rav appears to follow Beis Shamai and Rabah bar bar Chanah follows Beis Hillel!
Answer (Rav): My position could follow Beis Hillel as we see that Tadir alone was not enough to place wine first (he needed another reason).
Answer (Rabah bar bar Chanah): My position could follow Beis Shamai since the Yom causes the wine, whereas by Sukah the Z'man is independent, and would be said even by those who were exempt from Sukah.
Question (on Rav): The Mishnah puts the Tadir ahead of the Chovas ha'Yom (Lechem ha'Panim [Matzah] is distributed before the Shtei ha'Lechem [Chametz])!?
Answer (Rav): It is a Machlokes Tanaim (Aba Shaul says that the Chametz was given out before the Matzah).
(R. Nachman bar R. Chisda): We recite Z'man and then Sukah (unlike Rav).
(R. Sheshes brei d'Rav Idi): Sukah then Z'man.
The Halachah is Sukah then Z'man (like Rav).
THE SET MISHMAR ALSO RECEIVES THE OTHER KORBENOS TZIBUR
Question: To what Korbanos does this phrase refer?
Answer: Par He'elem Davar and Se'irei Avodah Zarah.
Question: What does the phrase Makriv Es ha'Kol add?
Answer: Kayitz ha'Mizbe'ach.
MISHNAH: EARLY AND LATE MISHMAROS
When Shabbos precedes or follows Yom Tov, all the Mishmaros share in the Lechem ha'Panim of that Shabbos.
When a day intervenes, the early or remaining Mishmaros take only two of the twelve Lechem ha'Panim (whereas normally it is divided six and six between the incoming and outgoing Mishmaros).
(R. Yehudah): It is normally seven (incoming) and five (outgoing).
The incoming Mishmar receives from the North; outgoing from the South.
The Mishmar Bilgah always gets from the South; its Taba'as was sealed (so the animal's head could not be placed inside) and its window (for storing their knives) was closed.
SHABBOS BEFORE AND AFTER YOM TOV
Question: What is before and after?
Answer: Before means the Shabbos following the first day of Yom Tov (or Shabbos Chol ha'Moed); and after means the last Yom Tov follows Shabbos.
Question: But that is the same as Shabbos within the Chag, which does not teach us anything about the equal allocation on the Shabbos approaching the Chag!?
Answer: Before must mean the last day of Yom Tov falls on Erev Shabbos and after refers to the first day of Yom Tov falling after Shabbos.
Question: Why do we institute this equal distribution?
Answer: The Mishmaros must be there (and remain for the following Shabbos since they cannot travel on Yom Tov.
R. YEHUDAH TEACHES SEVEN AND FIVE
Question: Why the extra two for the incoming Mishmar?
Answer: For closing the gates which the outgoing Mishmar had opened.
Question: Let the outgoing Mishmar tell the incoming Mishmar to abolish this practice, and rather give six now and receive six at the end of their week, rather than take seven now only to lose two at week's end!?
Answer (Abaye): Take the small gourd offered now, rather than wait for a potentially larger gift later.
THE HIDES OF THE MUSAF KEVASIM ON SHABBOS
(R. Yehudah): These hides are divided equally between the outgoing and incoming Mishmaros.
Question: But the Beraisa teaches that the outgoing Mishmar does the morning Tamid and Musaf while the incoming Mishmar does the afternoon Tamid and the Bazichin, and there is no mention of the hides!?
Answer: That Tana was not dealing with allocations!
Question (Rava): But even the Beraisa dealing with allocations (Tana d'vei Shmuel) does not mention the hides!?
Answer: This refutes R. Yehudah.
(Beraisa): The incoming Mishmar takes from the North (the main area, where Kodeshei Kodoshim are slaughtered) to indicate that they are arriving while the outgoing Mishmar shows they are leaving by taking from the South.
THE MISHMAR OF BILGAH
(Beraisa): The terrible acts of a daughter of this Mishmar led to their privileges being revoked.
Others say it was because they would procrastinate in coming, indicating their disdain for the Avodah.
In their absence, Yeshvav took their place.
Even though neighbors of evil people generally lose out, in this case they profited.
While Bilgah always took from the South, Yeshvav always received in the North.
Question: Why should the whole Mishmar be penalized for one wayward daughter?
Answer (Abaye): This is correct, since a child imitates its parents.
Question: Then the whole Mishmar is punished owing to one set of derelict parents!?
Answer (Abaye): Woe to the evil one and woe to his neighbor (as we see by the stones of the house of the Metzora and his neighbor) and weal to the righteous and to his neighbor (proof text).