[14a - 73 lines; 14b - 60 lines]

*********************GIRSA SECTION*********************

We recommend using the Girsa'os of the Vilna Ga'on printed in the margins of the Vilna Shas, and the commentary "Tiklin Chadtin" upon which they are based. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that conform to the commentary of the Tiklin Chadtin which are not noted in the Hagahos ha'Gra, as well as Girsa corrections in the text of the Tiklin Chadtin itself.

[1] . "



[2] : [ 6]


[3] : [ 15]


[4] [ 35]


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(" ", )

[5] : [ 56]


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1)[line 1] ( )HAI DEN KEF- [from under] which rock

2a)[line 1] MEKURAR MAYA- cold water [was to be found]

b)[line 2]SHERAVRUVEI- hot water

3)[line 2]MATYA- extends

4)[line 3]BA'TZAMA- from thirst

5)[line 4] RACHAMANA VATERAN- the Merciful One foregoes [overlooks sin]

6)[line 4] YISVATERAN BENEI ME'O'I- his bowels (which are the center of one's physical existence) will be disrupted [since he causes others to sin (RASHI to Bava Kama 50a)]

7a)[line 4] MA'ARICH RUCHEI- He is forbearing (shows patience)

b)[line 5] V'GAVI DIDEI- and [later] collects His [debts, if one does not do Teshuvah]

8)[line 5]"[ - ; ,] ""[YAVO E-LOKEINU V'AL YECHERASH; ESH LEFANAV TOCHEL,] U'SEVIVAV NIS'ARAH ME'OD"- "Our G-d should come and not be silent; a fire should consume in front of Him, and His surroundings are very turbulent" (Tehilim 50:3).

9)[line 6]IMAHEN- with them (Tzadikim, who are close to HaSh-m)

10)[line 7]NORA- awesome

11)[line 10] CHASID ECHAD- The Bavli (Bava Kama 50a, Yevamos 121) implies that this Chasid was none other than Nechunya himself.

12)[line 12] OVERES L'HINASEI- was on the way to her wedding

13)[line 12] V'SHATFAH NAHAR- and a river swept her away

14)[line 12] ()ALELIN L'GABEI- they went in to him

15)[line 13] BA'UN MENACHAMTEI- they desired to comfort him

16)[line 15] , AMAR LON, DEIN HU CHASIDCHON?- [Rebbi Pinchas Ben Ya'ir] said to them, "This is your 'pious' one (who refuses to be comforted)?"

17)[line 16]IRA- occurred

18)[line 17]MEKAPECHO- take away [his daughter] from him

19)[line 18]HAVARAH- report

20)[line 19] B'SOCHESA IS'ARYAS- she held on to a branch

21)[line 23]PARSA'OS- A Parsah is a distance equal to 8000 Amos

22)[line 25]KOMEI- in front of

23a)[line 25]TIRGEM- he explained [the time described in the Mishnah (Yoma 20a) as "Kri'as ha'Gever" "the cry of the Gever"]

b)[line 26] , KARA GAVRA, ACHRIZ KAROZA- [he explained] "Kara Gever"[ as], "the crier announced"

24)[line 27]EMOR- [why don't you] say

25)[line 27] IS LACH L'MEIMAR, ''BAR TARNEGOLA''?- is it possible to say [that the Mishnah counts] "the son of a rooster" [as an official in the Mikdash]?!

26)[line 28] HAVAH MEZAYEG PESILOS- (a) he would twist and braid wicks (KORBAN HA'EDAH); (b) according to the Girsa Havah Mezaveg Pesilos - he would make sure that the wicks were even and matching (TIKLIN CHADTIN); (c) he would match wicks [to the length of the night for which they needed to burn, twisting them thinly for the long winter nights in order that the half-Log of oil should last longer, and more thickly for the short summer nights in order that the oil should burn faster] (PNEI MOSHE; see GILYON HA'SHAS)

27)[line 29]L'KUFRA- the name of a place

28)[line 29] BA'U MEMANYA ALEIHON PARNASIM- [the people of the city] wished to appoint for themselves Gaba'ei Tzedakah (treasurers of public funds)

29)[line 30] V'LO KIBELUN MIN'HON- and they (the candidates) did not [wish to] accept [the positions] from them

30)[line 32]L'HIMANOS- to be counted [amongst]

31)[line 34] HENIF HA'SEGAN B'SUDARIN- the assistant [to the Kohen Gadol] waved scarves [used as flags to signal the beginning of the Shirah]

32)[line 34]HEKISH- struck

33)[line 36]NE'IMAH- sweetness

34)[line 38] NO'ETZ GODELO- stuck his thumb

35)[line 39] NIZKARIN LO B'VAS ROSH- jerk their heads back [in surprise]

36)[line 41]UVI'REDIYASO- and in removing them from the wall of an oven or mold

37)[line 42]UMANIM- craftsmen

38)[line 45]MIS'APESHES- become moldy

39)[line 47] DAVAR HA'ZEH- that the only ones who were able to properly bake the Lechem ha'Panim did so for the Beis ha'Mikdash

40)[line 48]L'MA'ANEHU- for His glory

41)[line 48] SHALCHU ACHAREIHEM- they sent [word] back to the [family of Garmo that they were once more needed to bake the Lechem ha'Panim]

42)[line 52] BA'DEVARIM HALALU- [however,] in the [following] matter

43)[line 53] PAS NEKIYAH- white bread

44)[line 55] MA'ALEH ASHAN- an ingredient in the Ketores (probably Leptadenia Pyrotechnica, which contains nitric acid) that causes its smoke to rise upward when it is burned

45)[line 56] MESAMERES V'OLAH K'MAKEL- would rise up straight as a palm tree, like a stick

46)[line 57]POSEH- spread out

47)[line 63]MEVUSEMES- perfumed

48)[line 64] POSEK IMAH- make an agreement with her

49)[line 66] OMED BI'YERUSHALAYIM- standing in Yerushalayim [after the Churban]

50a)[line 68] KEVODAM NISMA'ET- their glory was lessened [since there was no longer a Beis ha'Mikdash for which to compound Ketores]

b)[line 68] U'CHEVOD SHAMAYIM NISRABEH- the glory of Heaven has become greater [for the Jews already in exile, as well as the nations of the world, saw that HaSh-m was willing to destroy His own house in order to fulfill His word]

51)[line 69] SACH LI- told me

52)[line 70]SHE'SACHAK- that he laughed

53)[line 71] HAKAVOD HA'MESUKAN LA'TZADIKIM LE'ASID LA'VO- a) the honor (i.e. the position) that will be returned to my family in the future [when the Beis ha'Mikdash will be rebuilt] (TIKLIN CHADTIN) b) the glorious Chupas and Sukas that HaSh-m will prepare for the righteous, with clouds, smoke and fire, when Yerushalayim is rebuilt (Yeshaya 4:5-6). That smoke must rise straight up, in the manner of Ma'aleh Ashan, so as not to disturb the Tzadikim in their Chupas or Sukas (KORBAN HA'EDAH)

54)[line 72] NUMEISI LO- I said to him

55)[line 72]()L'VERYAH- to any person

56)[last line] MEGILAS SAMANIM- a scroll containing the recipe for the Ketores

57)[last line]TZENU'IN- modest; G-d fearing


58)[line 1] ELU L'ELU- within the family

59)[line 2]HEILACH- take

60)[line 3]HIRTZESI- I related

61)[line 3]ZALEGU- streamed

62)[line 4]ME'ATAH- now that the family of Avtinas has demonstrated that they truly are willing to share this craft rather than risk the profaning of HaSh-m's name, we see that their intentions were always noble

63)[line 7] SHE'HILBISH L'ISTERATYOS ECHAD- who dressed a Roman officer

64a)[line 10]AMARKOLIN- those who oversaw the Gizbarin

b)[line 10]GIZBARIN- treasurers of Hekdesh

c)[line 15]CATLIKIN- those who oversaw the Amarkolin

65)[line 11]SERARAH- appointments

66)[line 15]" ; ( ') [] , -""VI'YECHI'EL VA'AZAZYAHU V'NACHAS VA'ASA'EL VI'YERIMOS V'YOZAVAD VE'ELI'EL V'YISMACHYAHU U'MACHAS U'VENAYAHU; PEKIDIM MI'YAD KANANYAHU V'SHIM'I ACHIV, B'MIFKAD YECHIZKIYAHU HA'MELECH, VA'AZARYAHU NEGID BEIS HA'E-LOKIM"- "And Yechiel, Azazyah, Nachas, Asa'el, Yerimos, Yozavad, Eliel, Yismachyahu, Machas, and Benayahu were officials under Konanyahu and his brother Shim'i, by order of King Yechizkiyahu, and Azaryahu, the director of the house of HaSh-m" (Divrei ha'Yamim II 31:13).

67a)[line 19] K'SHE'HU CHOSEM- when he [needed to] place his seal [upon (a) the treasury (KORBAN HA'EDAH); (b) any item that would be needed by Hekdesh in the future (PNEI MOSHE)]

b)[line 22] K'SHE'HU MATIR- when he was ready to open it

68)[line 28] MI'PESOLES SHEL LUCHOS- from the waste (i.e., the shavings) left over after the tablets of the Aseres ha'Dibros (which were made from sapphire) [were hewn into squares]

69)[line 29]" [...]""PESOL LECHA SHENEI LUCHOS AVANIM [KA'RISHONIM...]"- "Hew for yourself two stone tablets [similar to the first ones...]" (Shemos 34:1).

70)[line 31]MACHATZAV- a quarry

71)[line 31]MARGALIYOS- pearls

72)[line 33]"... ""... V'HIBITU ACHAREI MOSHE AD BO'O HA'OHELAH"- "... and they gazed after Moshe until he reached the tent" (Shemos 33:8).

73a)[line 35] CHAMUN SHAKIN- see [how fat] those thighs [are]

b)[line 35] CHAMUN KAR'IN- see [how fat] those legs [are]

c)[line 35] () []CHAMUN KUFREI- see [how fat] his flesh [is]

74)[line 36] KOL MIDE'LEI- all that he has

75)[line 37] ()MECHEMEI TZADIKAYA MEZAKI- it is meritorious to gaze at righteous individuals

76)[line 37] TUVYA D'ZACHAS L'MICHMEI YASEI- fortunate is he who merits to see him

77)[line 38]CHOSAMOS- clay vouchers

78)[line 39], , EGEL, ZACHAR; GEDI (NESACHIM)

(a)Nesachim are wine libations offered along with any Korban Olah or Shelamim, whether these Korbanos are offered by the Tzibur (Bamidbar 28:11-15, 20-21) or an individual (Bamidbar 15:3-16). All Nesachim are offered along with a meal offering consisting of flour and oil known as a Minchas Nesachim (RAMBAM Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1).

(b)The Nesachim and Minchas Nesachim are not eaten. Rather, the wine is poured into the libation pipes on top of the Mizbe'ach near its SW corner (see RAMBAM Temidin u'Musafin 10:7), while the flour and oil are burned on the Mizbe'ach.

(c)The amount of wine necessary for the libation, as well as the amount of flour and oil mixed together for the Minchas Nesachim, varies depending upon what kind of animal is being offered:

1.Bulls or cows - 1/2 Hin (6 Lugin) of wine and of oil, 3 Esronim of flour.

2.Rams (i.e. male sheep over 1 year old) - 1/3 Hin (4 Lugin) of wine and of oil, 2 Esronim of flour.

3.Other animals (i.e. male sheep under 1 year old, all female sheep, and all goats) - 1/4 Hin (3 Lugin) of wine and of oil, 1 Isaron of flour.

79)[line 39]CHOTEI (METZORA)

(a)If one develops a white patch on his skin the size of a Gris (a Cilician bean, approximately the size of a dime) which appears to be Tzara'as, he must go to a Kohen, as the status of Tzara'as can only be determined by the pronouncement of a Kohen. If the Kohen ascertains that the whiteness of the patch is indeed the hue of a Nega Tzara'as, then the status of the individual depends on its appearance. If there are Simanei Tum'ah, which include the spreading of the patch, unaffected skin in the middle of the patch, or two white hairs growing in the patch, then the Kohen immediately declares him to be a Metzora. Such an individual is known as a Metzora Muchlat. If the Kohen does not find any Simanei Tum'ah, then he pronounces him Tamei for one week. At this point the person in question is known as a Metzora Musgar. After the week passes, the Kohen returns to see if the appearance of the patch has developed Simanei Tum'ah. If it has, the Kohen pronounces him a Metzora Muchlat. If it has not, the individual is once again a Metzora Musgar for the duration of a week. At the end of this second week, if no Simanei Tum'ah appear, the Metzora becomes Tahor. A Metzora Muchlat remains Tamei until his Simanei Tum'ah disappear. At that point after a Kohen determines that the Tzara'as has indeed departed he is Tahor once pronounced so by the Kohen.

(b)The four shades of white considered Tzara'as are:

1.Baheres, which is the color of snow;

2.Se'es, which is the color of clean, white newborn lamb's wool;

3.Sapachas of Baheres, which is the color of the plaster used to whitewash the Beis ha'Mikdash;

4.Sapachas of Se'es, which is the color of the white membrane found on the inside of an egg.

(c)a Metzora is called a "Chotei" "sinner" since the Gemara (Erchin 16a) teaches that a person receives Tzara'as for one of the following seven sins:



3.swearing falsely,

4.forbidden relations,




(d)No Metzora is allowed into "Machaneh Yisrael," i.e. any walled city in Eretz Yisrael.

(e)On the day that a Metzora is healed from his Tzara'as, he procures two kosher birds (Tziporei Metzora), a piece of cedar, some crimson wool and a hyssop branch. One of the birds is slaughtered over fresh spring water in a clay bowl. A Kohen dips the other bird, along with the other articles, into the spring water that is mixed with the blood and sprinkles it seven times on the Metzora. The living bird is sent away towards the fields. Both birds are Asur b'Hana'ah, but the Isur no longer applies to the living bird once it is sent off to the fields.

(f)The Metzora next shaves all places on his body that have a collection of hair and that are exposed, and immerses in a Mikvah. He is now considered Tahor to the extent that he may enter a settlement, but marital relations are forbidden (Moed Katan 7b). He waits seven days, and on the seventh day he once more shaves and immerses. He is now completely Tahor but is still a Mechusar Kaparah (see Background to Pesachim 59:5).

(g)On the eighth day, the Metzora must bring three Korbanos to complete his Taharah. These Korbanos consist of two male sheep and one female sheep. One of the male sheep is offered as an Olah, and the other is offered as an Asham. The female sheep is offered as a Chatas. All three animals require Nesachim and their accompanying Minchah. If he cannot afford these animals, he is called a poor Metzora. The poor Metzora brings two turtledoves or two common doves as the Olah and the Chatas; however, a sheep is still necessary for his Asham, with its Nesachim and Minchah.

(h)The Metzora also brings a Log of olive oil to the Beis ha'Mikdash as part of his purification process. A Kohen lifts up and waves (Tenufah) the live Korban Asham while the Log of oil rests upon it. After the Asham is slaughtered, some of its blood is placed upon the middle section of cartilage of the Metzora's right ear, some on his right thumb, and some on his right big toe. These parts of his body must be in the Azarah at the time that the Kohen applies the blood. For this purpose he stands in the gate of Nikanor (the eastern gate of the Azarah, named for he who donated the brass doors of the gate; see Yoma 38). Although all of the other gates of the Azarah have the status of the Azarah, Sha'ar Nikanor is only as Kadosh as Har ha'Bayis. The Chachamim arranged this so that a Metzora can put his head, right hand and right foot into the Azarah while standing under the awning of the gate.

(i)After all of the Metzora's Korbanos are offered, a Kohen pours some of the oil into his left hand and sprinkles it seven times towards the Kodesh ha'Kodashim. He must dip his right finger in the oil each time. Oil is also placed upon the body of the Metzora, in all of the same places where the blood of the Asham had been previously placed. The remainder of the oil in the Kohen's hand is placed upon the head of the Metzora. The rest of the Log (which was not poured into the Kohen's hand) is given to the Kohanim; it must be consumed by male Kohanim in the Azarah, as it has the status of Kodshei Kodashim (RAMBAM Hilchos Mechusrei Kaparah 4:2-3). It is this extra Log of oil that requires the Metzora to have his own voucher when purchasing Nesachim from Hekdesh.

80)[line 40]ARAMIS- Aramaic (which was the language commonly spoken at the time]

81)[line 51] IM PICHASU- if [money] is missing

82)[line 54] KEDEI CHOSAMO- [enough money beyond the worth of the Chosamos held by Yochanan] to cover the cost of his voucher

83)[line 55] SHEM HA'YOM- the day [of the week]

84)[line 55] MIPNEI HA'RAMA'IN- due to cheaters, who would either (a) attempt to use vouchers they found that were lost by others. The day that they were lost, however, the purchaser would be actively looking for it and they not be able to spend it; or (b) stock up on vouchers when they were inexpensive in order to use them after they had risen in price.

85)[line 56]?LAMAH?- why [does he require an extra voucher, while the Tana Kama does not]?

86)[line 56] HAYA MEVI LOGO IMO- [according to Ben Azai, a poor Metzora] would purchase his Log of oil from Hekdesh along with [his Nesachim. The Rabanan, on the other hand, maintain that a poor Metzora would bring this Log of oil from home in order to save money, as Hekdesh charges a slightly higher price than the market - TIKLIN CHADTIN)

87)[line 56]BERAM- however

88)[line 56] MEVI GEDI- he would bring [the voucher of] a sheep (for his Asham)

89)[line 56] []?NISKEI RACHEL [B'CHA]MAH?- how much [wine] is necessary for [the Nesachim of] a female sheep [that is in its second year]?

90)[line 57] ( )HADA AMRI- this proves

91)[line 59]" ", "L'SHOR HA'ECHAD", LAMAH NE'EMAR?- Why does the Torah need to discuss the Nesachim of a bull in this verse (Bamidbar 15:11), when the Torah just stated them two verses earlier?

92)[line 57] SHE'HAYAH B'DIN- logic would dictate

93)[last line] BEN HA'TZON- male sheep [of any age]