OIL LEFT IN A LAMP
(Mishnah): One may not benefit from the oil, for it is Muktzeh.
(Beraisa #1): Leftover oil in a Ner or bowl [that was burning when Shabbos began] is forbidden;
R. Shimon permits it.
WHICH LAMPS ARE MUKTZEH
(Mishnah): One may move a new [earthenware] Ner (Hagahos Ashri - if one needs it for a permitted use, or needs its place), but not a used Ner (after one use it is repulsive, it is Muktzeh Machmas Mi'us);
R. Shimon permits moving any Ner, except for one burning on Shabbos (for doing so extinguishes; alternatively, it is a Basis (something that supports Muktzeh, it itself is forbidden like Muktzeh) for the flame).
(Beraisa #2 - R. Yehudah): One may move a new Ner, but not a used Ner;
R. Meir permits moving any Ner, except for one that was burning on Shabbos (it is Muktzeh Machmas Isur - since it was Asur to move it while it burned, it is forbidden for all of Shabbos);
R. Shimon permits any Ner, except for one burning on Shabbos.
If it extinguished, one may move it - but one may not move a cup, bowl or lantern [in which a light was burning, even after it extinguished].
R. Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon permits taking oil from a lamp that extinguished (Rashi - is about to go out), or from dripping oil, even from a burning lamp.
(Abaye): R. Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon holds like his father in one respect, and argues about another:
He permits Muktzeh, like his father;
His father permits taking oil from a lamp only after it extinguished, he permits [Tosfos Rosh - what drips] from a burning lamp (Rashi - from the lamp itself, if it is extinguishing).
(Beraisa #2): But one may not move a cup, bowl or lantern.
Question: Why are these different than a lamp?
Answer #1 (Ula): This clause is according to R. Yehudah [who forbids even a lamp].
Objection (Mar Zutra): If so, it should not say 'but'!
Answer #2 (Mar Zutra): It is like R. Shimon - he permits a lamp, for it holds little oil, one anticipates moving it [after it goes out on Shabbos] - a cup, bowl or lantern holds much oil (one expects it to burn all Shabbos).
Question (Beraisa #1): Leftover oil in a Ner or bowl [that was burning when Shabbos began] is forbidden;
R. Shimon permits it.
Answer: Presumably, Beraisa #1 discusses a small bowl, for it is taught together with a lamp; Beraisa #2 discusses a large bowl, for it is taught together with a cup.
(R. Zeira): If a Pamut (Menorah (candelabra) of metal; Aruch - it has only one Ner) burned on Shabbos [and went out - it is not Mi'us, it is an issue of Muktzeh Machmas Isur]:
Version #1 - Rashi: The opinion (R. Meir) that permits [above, a used Cheres lamp, i.e. Muktzeh Machmas Mi'us] forbids [here]; the opinion (R. Yehudah) that forbids [above] permits [here].
Version #2 - Tosfos: The opinion (R. Shimon) that permits [above] forbids [here, for the Pamut is big]; the opinion (R. Yehudah and R. Meir) that forbids [above] permits [here],
Rejection (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): Every metal Ner is permitted, except for one that burned on Shabbos.
Correction: Rather, R. Zeira taught that if a Pamut burned on Shabbos, all forbid [moving it]; if it did not burn on Shabbos, all permit;
MUKTZEH MACHMAS ISUR
(Rav): If a bed was designated for coins, one may not move it [on Shabbos].
Objection (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak - Mishnah): One may move a new Ner, but not a used Ner.
A Ner is made for lighting, yet one may move it before lighting in it - a bed is not made for coins, all the more so it is permitted before it was used for coins!
Correction: Rather, if a bed was designated for coins and one put coins on it, one may not move it; if he did not put coins on it, one may move it.
If it was not designated for coins, if there are coins on it, one may not move it; if not, one may move it, as long as there were not coins on it [all of] Bein ha'Shemashos.
Question (R. Elazar - Mishnah): If the Ofan of a Sheidah (Rashi - wheel of a wagon; R. Tam - the base of a chest) comes off [easily]:
It is not considered attached (it and the Sheidah are distinct Kelim - if Tum'ah touched one, the other is Tahor);
It is not measured with it [regarding Tum'ah - a wooden Kli of 40 Sa'im (volume) is Tahor);
It does not shield from Tum'as Mes with it (the Sheidah is an Ohel that suppresses Tum'ah underneath it, but Tum'ah breaks through the Ofan and goes up);
One may not drag it on Shabbos when there are coins on it.
Inference: One may drag it when there are no coins on it, even if there were coins on it Bein ha'Shemashos!
Answer: The Mishnah is like R. Shimon, who permits Muktzeh; Rav holds like R. Yehudah.