NEDARIM 76 (29 Adar I) - Dedicated in memory of Matilda Massel - Mesuda bat Moshe - on the first Yahrtzeit of her passing, by her loving family, Elihu, Morris and Caroline, Richard and Tracy Massel. May her Neshamah go higher and higher and be a continuing source of inspiration.

[76a - 12 lines; 76b - 22 lines]

1)[line 3]רבנן לא קיימי להון בטעמיה דרבי אליעזרRABANAN, LO KAIMEI LEHON B'TA'AMEI D'REBBI ELIEZER- the Rabanan themselves were unsure what Rebbi Eliezer really held, [so they brought proofs covering both possibilities]

2)[line 10]ימכור אדם את בתוYIMKOR ADAM ES BITO (MECHIRAS HA'BAS)

A destitute father, under certain circumstances, may sell his daughter into servitude to a Jewish master as long as she is a minor. The sale is for a period of six years or until she becomes a Gedolah (when two pubic hairs grow after she enters her 12th year) or until the Yovel year (the year after seven Shemitah cycles), whichever comes first. During this period she is called an "Amah ha'Ivriyah."


3)[line 21]חביביCHAVIVI- (lit. my beloved one) Rebbi Chiya, Rav's uncle. Rav's father Aibo was Rebbi Chiya's brother from the same father. However, they did not share the same mother. Aibo married Rebbi Chiya's sister from his mother, and as such, Rav was the son of Rebbi Chiya's brother and sister (Sanhedrin 5a)

4)[last line]שדי גירא ובדיקSHADI GIRA U'VADIK- (a) would shoot arrows and [at the same time] interrogate [a person - who came to him to have a vow revoked because he now regretted making the vow - in order to find grounds for annulment, since he held that Charatah (regret - see Background to Nedarim 21:4) is enough of a "Pesach" (opening) to allow the Neder to be revoked in and of itself, and as such he did not need to concentrate on the matter] (RAN); (b) [he would not annul the vows of his wife right away, but rather, he] would shoot an arrow into the wall [when his wife made a vow, to use as a sundial] to make sure [that he annulled the vow before twenty-four hours elapsed] (ROSH; according to this explanation of the Rosh, Chiya bar Rav and Rabah bar Rav Huna rule in accordance with Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon. This either follows the alternate Girsa of our Gemara, Halachah k'Oso ha'Zug (as opposed to Ein Halachah), or the possibility that these two Amora'im argue with Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi's ruling.)

5)[last line]יתיב וקאיםYASIV V'KA'IM- (a) would sit or stand, [without any direct intention to do one or the other, since he, too, held that Charatah is enough of a "Pesach" to allow the Neder to be revoked in and of itself, and as such, he did not need to concentrate] (RAN); (b) was sitting and would stand up [in order to check where the shadows fell and make a mental note of the time of day, to make sure that he annulled the vow before twenty-four hours elapsed (ROSH; see previous entry.)