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BIKURIM THAT BECAME DISQUALIFIED FROM KERI'AH (Yerushalmi Bikurim Perek 1 Halachah 5 Daf 4a)

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(a)

A Shali'ach (our Mishnah said that he brings and does not recite) - R. Yosi citing Reish Lakish citing R. Yochanan said, this is when [the owner] gathered them with intent to send them through someone else, but if he gathered them with intent to bring them [himself], he may not send them through someone else. [R. Yosi] did not specify the reason.

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(b)

R. Yonah specified the reason, for R. Ze'ira citing R. Ami citing Reish Lakish citing R. Hoshayah said, this is when he gathered them with intent to send them through someone else, but if he gathered them with intent to bring them [himself], he may not send them through someone else, for any Bikurim that were proper to be permitted [to Kohanim] through reciting, they are permitted only through reciting.

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(c)

(R. Mana): Even though R. Yosi did not saw this matter, he said like it;

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1.

Question (R. Ze'ira, to R. Yosa): Do you remember when R. Hoshayah said this, and R. Yosi bei R. Chanina said that a Mishnah disagrees?

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i.

(Mishnah): If one separated his Bikurim and afterwards sold his field, he brings and does not recite.

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2.

Answer (R. Yosa): The case is, he intended to sell [the field] from the beginning (when he separated his Bikurim. It was never proper to recite for them.)

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(d)

Question (Mishnah): If the tree (from which he took Bikurim) dried or was cut (he brings and does not recite).

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(e)

Answer: Also here, it dried from the beginning. (We explained this like the RA'AVAD.)

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(f)

Question: Is reciting Me'akev [Bikurim?! We hold that it is not!]

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(g)

Answer (R. Shmuel bar Rav Yitzchak): What is proper to recite for them, reciting is not Me'akev.

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(h)

If one gathered them with intent to send them through one [Shali'ach], he may not send them through another. [This is a decree,] lest he reconsider to bring them himself (and they will need to be left to rot, for the owner himself picked and brought them - R. SHLOMO SIRILIYO.)

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(i)

(R. Avahu citing R. Yochanan): An heir brings and does not recite.

(j)

Question: What is the case?

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1.

If the heir brings it in his father's lifetime [with his permission], he is his Shali'ach! (What is R. Yochanan's Chidush? Our Mishnah already taught a Shali'ach!)

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2.

If [he picked them - MAHARA FULDA] after his father's death, it is his own! (He brings and recites!)

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(k)

Answer: The case is, his father was dangerously sick [when he picked them. It is as if he picked with intent to send through another, i.e. he will die and his son will bring them. - SEFER NIR.]

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(l)

It says "v'Samachta b'Chol ha'Tov Asher Nasan Lechem Hash-m Elokecha ul'Veisecha" - this teaches that a man brings Bikurim from his wife's property and recites.

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(m)

Limitation (Reish Lakish): This is after [his wife's] death, but not in her lifetime.

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(n)

(R. Yochanan): There is no difference between in her lifetime and after death.

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(o)

Reish Lakish holds like he taught elsewhere, for Reish Lakish said, a man inherits his wife mid'Oraisa. (When he separated, it was not proper to bring and recite; the verse teaches that after death, he brings and recites. Here we expound a verse; mid'Oraisa, a husband's has no rights to his wife's Peros in her lifetime. R. Yochanan holds that we discuss one who was Makneh to her husband rights to her Peros. - SEFER NIR)