1)

PLACES FROM WHICH WE BRING BIKURIM (Yerushalmi Bikurim Perek 1 Halachah 8 Daf 6a)

[ ] ' .

(a)

(Mishnah): The following bring and recite. From Shavu'os until Sukos, from the seven species, from Peros in the mountains and from dates in the valleys, from Zeisei Shemen and from Ever ha'Yarden;

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(b)

R. Yosi ha'Gelili says, we do not bring Bikurim from Ever ha'Yarden, for it is not "Eretz Zavas Chalav u'Devash."

' . .

(c)

(Gemara - R. Yosi citing Reish Lakish, and R. Yonason citing R. Ze'ira citing R. Chaninah): The 16 Mil (a Mil is 2000 Amos, about a kilometer) around around Tziporin, this is "Eretz Zavas Chalav u'Devash."

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(d)

(R. Yonah): One who is Mekader (measures the horizontal distance, so it is not affected by changes in elevation, will find that) these field of (around) Beis She'an (HA'GAON RAV C. KANIEVSKY, SHLITA) are among [the 16 Mil of "Eretz Zavas Chalav u'Devash"].

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(e)

One who is Mekader [will find that] the valley of Ginosar is among them.

[ ] ( - " ) .

(f)

Question (against R. Yonah): It says "E'eleh Eschem me'Ani Mitzrayim El Eretz [ha'Kena'ani veha'Chiti... El Eretz] Zavas Chalav u'Devash" (all of Eretz Yisrael is Zavas Chalav u'Devash)!

:

(g)

Answer (R. Yonah): It means that there is in [Eretz Yisrael] Zavas Chalav u'Devash.

[ ] ( ) [" - "]

(h)

(Beraisa): "Asher Hash-m Elokecha Nosen Lecha", and not that they took by themselves (excludes Ever ha'Yarden).

(i)

Question: What do they differ about? (R. Yosi ha'Gelili excluded it from "Eretz Zavas Chalav u'Devash.")

[ ( )] . ( ) [" - "] .

(j)

Answer (R. Avin): They differ about Chetzi Shevet Menasheh. The one who says "Asher Hash-m Elokecha Nosen Lecha", and not that they took by themselves, Chetzi Shevet Menasheh did not take by themselves. (They did not request Ever ha'Yarden; Moshe himself gave it to them. We explained this like GRA. We must say that Hash-m commanded Moshe to give it to them - PF);

( ) [" - "] :

1.

The one who said [that we learn from] "Eretz Zavas Chalav u'Devash", also here, it is not "Eretz Zavas Chalav u'Devash."

2)

DO ARISIM AND CHOKRIM BRING? (Yerushalmi Bikurim Perek 1 Halachah 9 Daf 6a)

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(a)

(Mishnah): One who buys three trees in his friend's [land], he brings and recites;

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(b)

R. Meir says, even two.

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(c)

If one bought a tree and its land, he brings and recites.

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(d)

R. Yehudah says, even Arisos (sharecroppers) and Chakiros (they rent land on condition to pay a fixed amount of Peros from it) bring and recite.

' () [" - " ] . .

(e)

(Gemara - Beraisa): Ancestral Arisim and Chokrim (a family that works the field, and did so also for the ancestors of the current owners) do not bring. R. Yehudah says, they themselves bring and recite.

[" - " ] .

(f)

(R. Ze'ira citing R. Chiya citing R. Yochanan): Our Mishnah discusses ancestral Arisim and Chokrim.

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(g)

(R. Heila citing R. Yosi citing R. Yochanan): Our Mishnah discusses Ba'alei Arisos and Chakiros.

' ( ) [" - ] .

(h)

Assumption: We wanted to say that one who says that our Mishnah discusses Ba'alei Arisos and Chakiros, this (the argument) is about a temporary Aris or temporary Choker, but [all agree that] a permanent (i.e. ancestral) Aris or Choker brings.

[ ( )] .

(i)

Rejection: Came R. Ba citing R. Chiya citing R. Yochanan, and said that [Rabanan hold that] even a permanent Aris or Choker does not bring;

:

1.

What is the reason? Our Mishnah discusses Ba'alei Arisos and Chokrim (this connotes that they cannot be removed, i.e. they are permanent. All agree that a temporary Aris or Choker does not bring - R. SHLOMO SIRILIYO.)

HADRAN ALACH PEREK YESH MEVI'IN