KERISUS 19 (9 Elul) - Dedicated to commemorate the Yahrzeit of  Chana bas Mordechai Eliezer z'l.

1)

BITUL OF KODSHIM (Yerushalmi Orlah Perek 2 Halachah 1 Daf 9b)

[ ] . .

(a)

(Beraisa): A piece of Lechem ha'Panim that became mixed with 100 pieces of Chulin, and similarly a piece of Chatas that became mixed with 100 pieces of Chulin, they are not Batel; R. Yehudah says, they are Batel.

(b)

Question: What is R. Yehudah's reason?

[ ] () [" ] . .

(c)

Answer: "V'Seh Achas Min ha'Tzon Min ha'Masayim mi'Mashke Yisrael" - from what is permitted to Yisrael.

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(d)

Question: It is written 200, and R. Yehudah says [that it is Batel in] 100?!

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(e)

Answer: The verse discusses live [animals; they are Batel only in 200]. R. Yehudah says that slaughtered [animals, and other matters not alive are Batel in 100].

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(f)

Question: What is the difference between live and slaughtered?

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(g)

Answer (R. Chinena): Live, they made them like something normally counted (they are more esteemed, so they are Batel only in 200).

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(h)

Question: This is only something that is Batel and permitted to a person. [What is the source for] something that is Batel and permitted to [be offered to] Hash-m?

[ ( )] [ ] . [" - " ]

(i)

Answer: We learn from "v'Achar Yochal Min ha'Kodoshim Ki Lachmo Hu." There are Kodoshim from which he does not eat [until Ha'arev Shemesh] - this excludes a mixture in less than 100. There are Kodoshim from which he eats [even before Ha'arev Shemesh] - this excludes a mixture in more than 100. (The answer is from the coming question and answer);

. ( ) [" - ]

1.

Question: I know only Terumah foods [mixed] into Terumah foods. What is the source for Terumah foods into Chulin foods, Chulin foods into Terumah foods, Terumah foods into Kodesh foods, Kodesh foods into Terumah foods, Kodesh foods into Kodesh foods, Terumah liquids into Terumah liquids, Terumah liquids into Chulin liquids, Chulin liquids into Terumah liquids, Terumah liquids into Kodesh liquids, Kodesh liquids into Terumah liquids, and Kodesh liquids into Kodesh liquids, what is the source [for all of these]?

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2.

Answer: "Min ha'Kodoshim" includes [all these].

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(j)

Rebuttal (R. Avin citing R. Yochanan): We can say that [we include] the Log of oil of a Metzora (Kodshei Kodoshim) that became mixed with leftover [oil] from a Nazir's wafers (Kodshim Kalim. However, perhaps Bitul does not permit offering to Hash-m. We explained this like R. SHLOMO SIRILIYO, SEDEI YEHOSHUA.)

[ ( )] ( - " ) " ( ) [" - "] .

(k)

Inference (R. Chananyah): [Since Bitul does not permit offering to Hash-m,] an Olah [mixed] into Chata'os (is Batel, and Kohanim may eat all of them, but) Chatas [mixed] into Olos, (we may not rely on Bitul to offer them, for) he Vadai transgresses a Lo Sa'aseh (anything partially offered on the Mizbe'ach, a Lav forbids Haktarah of the remainder).

[" - "]

(l)

Defense (of answer): The Beraisa taught [all] Kodesh liquids. (If the Heter is only for oil from a Nazir's wafers, it should have taught specifically this! Rather, Bitul permits even to the Mizbe'ach. We explained this like GRA.)