1)

A TREE MINIMALLY ATTACHED TO THE GROUND (Yerushalmi Orlah Perek 1 Halachah 3 Daf 4b)

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(a)

(Mishnah): If a tree was uprooted and the Sela (the earth around its roots) with it - if it can live, it is exempt from Orlah. If not, it is obligated.

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(b)

If the Sela was uprooted from a tree's side, or if the plow stirred it, or if he stirred it, and he made it with earth (put earth around its roots) - if it can live, it is exempt. If not, it is obligated.

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(c)

If a tree was uprooted and a small root remained, it is exempt.

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(d)

How much must be in the root? R. Gamliel says in the name of R. Elazar ben Yehudah Ish Bartusa, it must be like a needle for stretching (a curtain being woven).

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(e)

If a tree was uprooted and it has a Breichah (a branch that he was Mavrich) from which it lives - the old tree returns to be like the Breichah (for both, the years of Orlah are counted from the time of Havrachah).

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(f)

If he was Mavrich it year after year (reinserted what came out of the ground), and [the Breichah] was cut off from the tree, he counts from when it was cut off.

[ ( )] .

(g)

Sipuk (grafting of) vines - Sipuk on Sipuk (he grafted onto a grafted branch), even if he was Mavrich (the grafted branch) in the ground, it is permitted (exempt from Orlah);

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(h)

R. Meir says, in a place where it is strong (nurtures from the old tree), it is permitted (exempt). Where it is weak (does not nurture from the old tree), it is forbidden.

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(i)

If a Breichah was cut off [from the tree, and it is attached to the ground] and it is full of fruits, if they increased [one part] in 200 [of their volume when it was cut off], they are forbidden.

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(j)

(Gemara): Our Mishnah means, if it could live without fixing it it is exempt from Orlah. If not, it is obligated.

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(k)

Question (Chizkiyah): [If the root is] less than this (a stretching needle), is it like detached, so if he bowed to it (to worship it), he forbade it, and one may write a Get Ishah on it?

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(l)

They say that Chizkiyah retracted [and settled his question].

(m)

(R. Yonah): Chizkiyah retracted from (due to) the following.

[ ( )] " [ ] .

1.

(R. Yochanan citing R. Yanai): Since there is [a root like] a needle of stretching, surely it has three years.

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2.

Question (Chizkiyah): [If a root is] a third of a needle [of stretching, does this mean that surely it has one year, and two thirds [means that it has] two years?

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3.

Question (Rabanan): [If a root is] one and a third needles, does it surely have four years [and there is no concern for Revai]?

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4.

If you will say that [Chizkiyah] did not retract, why did he ask? (Surely we do not count years of Orlah until it is attached. If less than a needle is detached, it makes no difference how old it is!)

(n)

(R. Yonah): [Chizkiyah] retracted from his teaching. (HA'MASHBI'ACH - a scribe inserted into the text this comment that the text above should say so (mi'Milsei, as opposed to our text above 'Min Hada'.)

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1.

(R. Yochanan citing R. Yanai): Since there is [a root like] a needle of stretching, surely it has three years.

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(o)

(R. Yosi): Even if it has three years, [perhaps] it does not have like a stretching needle.