ERUVIN 16 - Dedicated by Dr. and Mrs. Doug Rabin of Clifton, N.J., with Tefilos that Leah Miryam bas Fruma should be Zocheh to a Refu'ah Sheleimah Meherah.

[16a - 38 lines; 16b - 49 lines]

1)[line 1]עביטיןAVITIN- cushions placed under saddles

2)[line 1]שליפיןSHELIFIN- saddle packs

3)[line 1]קולחותKOLCHOS- stalks of plants

4)[line 7]כדי שלא יזדקר הגדי בבת ראשKEDEI SHE'LO YIZDAKER HA'GEDI B'VAS ROSH- so that a goat will not be able to leap through with one headlong rush

5)[line 9]כמלואוK'MILU'O- a space which is the same size as the partition

6)[line 10]פרוץ מרובה על העומדPARUTZ MERUBEH AL HA'OMED

(a)For certain Halachos, the Torah requires that an area be set aside from the outside by being surrounded by Mechitzos (partitions). The Mechitzos do not need to be solid. Breaches in the Mechitzos can be considered entranceways as long as they are not more than ten Amos wide.

(b)However, there is a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai that states that if "Parutz Merubeh Al ha'Omed," i.e. the combined length of the breaches adds up to more than the combined length of the solid parts, the Mechitzah is not valid.

(c)Amora'im in the Gemara dispute whether the Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai applies only when the total length of the breaches is more than the length of the solid parts or even when they are equal to the length of the solid parts. Another question that is dealt with is whether a Tzuras ha'Pesach (see Background to Eruvin 6:8) will resolve the problem of Parutz Merubeh Al Ha'omed. (TOSFOS (Daf 17b DH Osin) remarks that mid'Oraisa Parutz Merubeh does not invalidate a Mechitzah if there remains one solid Amah on both sides of each breach. Mid'Oraisa, such a breach is considered an entranceway (Pesach), but mid'Rabanan it is not.)

7a)[line 17]קנים הדוקרניםKANIM HA'DOKRANIM- spiked poles placed vertically into the ground

b)[line 18]פיאה מלמעלהPEI'AH MI'LEMAILAH- braided vines which are strung between poles (at the top) to form a Tzuras ha'Pesach (see Background to Eruvin 6:8)


8)[line 16]מקיפין שלשה חבליםMAKIFIN SHELOSHAH CHAVALIM- it is permissible to surround the enclosure with three ropes placed horizontally one above the other

9)[line 17]עובייןOVYAN- their thickness

10)[line 18]קניםKANIM- stakes [driven into the ground]

11)[line 19]בשיירא דברוB'SHEYARA DIBRU- the Sages only permitted such an enclosure, with only vertical reeds or horizontal ropes as its Mechitzos, for a caravan

12)[line 20]הווהHOVEH- the most common case; i.e., this is the usual way to make an enclosure around a caravan

13)[line 20]של שתי ושל ערבSHEL SHESI V'SHEL EREV- [a Mechitzah must have] a vertical and a horizontal part, e.g. posts and ropes

14)[line 22]הרי אמרוHAREI AMRU- that is, in the Mishnah above

15)[line 22]עומד מרובה על הפרוץOMED MERUBAH AL HA'PARUTZ- if the size of the solid parts of the enclosure are greater than the size of the open spaces

16)[line 26]היכא מוקים ליה?HEICHA MOKIM LEI?- That is, according to Abaye, and according to Rav Hamnuna as well, how can one ever find an instance of Omed Merubah with a horizontal Mechitzah? (RASHI, RASHBA)

17)[line 27]תתאיTATA'I- on the bottom

18)[line 27]מחיצה שהגדיים בוקעין בהMECHITZAH SH'HA'GEDIYIM BOK'IN BAH

(a)The Torah requires Mechitzos (partitions) for various Halachos (e.g. for Reshus ha'Yachid of Shabbos and for Sukah). A Mechitzah must be ten Tefachim high and enclose an area of four by four Tefachim.

(b)One contingent necessary for a Kosher Mechitzah is that small goats cannot get under it. If goats can enter under it, the Mechitzah does not truly "enclose" the area inside of it, and is invalid. Therefore, a gap at the bottom of a Mechitzah that is larger than three Tefachim invalidates it. Any gap that is less than three Tefachim is considered filled in according to the Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai of Lavud (see Background to Eruvin 4:22).

19)[line 30]אלא רב המנונא הכי קא מיבעיא ליהELA RAV HAMNUNA HACHI KA MIBA'I LEI- (According to this and the following explanations of Rav Hamnuna's question, the question cannot be resolved through inference from our Mishnah.)

20)[line 36]בית סאתיםBEIS SE'ASAYIM- a parcel of land in which two Se'ah of grain is normally planted, which is the area of the Azarah of the Mishkan, 50 by 100 Amos, approx. 1,152 square meters (12,400 square feet) or 1,659 square meters (17,856 square feet), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions

21)[line 48]ברםBERAM- truly, however