12th Cycle Dedication

ERCHIN 12 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the twelfth Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.


HOW IS VIDUI RECITED? (Yerushalmi Maaser Sheni Perek 5 Halachah 5 Daf 32a)

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(Mishnah): At Mincha time on (the last day of) Yom Tov they would recite the Vidui (declaration). How was this done? (Devarim 26:13), "I have removed the Holy items from the house" - this is Maaser Sheni and Neta Revai;



"...and I have given to the Levi" - this is Maaser Levi (i.e. Rishon);



"...and I have also given" - (returning to the previous phrase, there was an extra word 'also') - this is Terumah and Terumas Maaser;

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"...to the stranger, the orphan and the widow" - this is Maaser Ani. Leket, Shichechah and Peah - even though not leaving them doesn't prevent him reciting the Vidui.



The pasuk continues,"...from the house" - this is Challah.



"...according to all of Your commandments that You commanded me" - but if he separated Maaser Sheni before Maaser Rishon, he cannot recite the Vidui.



"...I didn't transgress Your commandments" - I didn't separate from one species for another, or from detached for attached, or from attached for detached, or from new for old or from old for new.



"...and I didn't forget" - to bless You and mention Your name (when reciting the blessing over separating the tithes).

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(Pasuk 14) "I didn't eat from it as an Onen (before or on the same day as the burial of a close relative)" - but if he had, he would not be able to recite the Vidui.

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"...nor have I consumed any of it in impurity" - but if he had separated it while Tamei, he would not be able to recite the Vidui.

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"...nor did I give from it for the dead" - I didn't buy with it a coffin and shrouds for the dead, nor did I give it to other Onenim.

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"...I have listened to the Voice of Hash-m, my G-d" - I have brought it to the Temple.



"...I have done according to all that You have commanded me" - I have rejoiced and caused other to rejoice.



(Pasuk 15), "Look down from Your Holy dwelling, from Heaven" - we have done as you have decreed upon us, so You should do as You have promised.

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"Look down from Your Holy dwelling, from Heaven and bless Your nation Yisrael" - with sons and daughters; "and the Land that You gave us" - with dew, winds, rain and offspring of animals; "as You promised our forefathers, a Land flowing with milk and honey" - that gives a good taste to the fruit.



From here they said that Yisraelim and Mamzerim recite the Vidui, but converts and freed slaves do not, because they do not have a portion in the Land (so they cannot say 'and the Land that You gave us').



(R. Meir): Kohanim and Leviim also cannot say it, because they didn't take a portion of the Land.



(R. Yosi): They have the Arei Migrash (cities with open spaces, as discussed in Bamidbar 35).

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Yochanan Kohen Gadol stopped the recitation of Vidui over Maaser. He also stopped the Meorrarin and the Nokfin. Until his days, the hammer would be banging in Yerushalayim (during Chol HaMoed) and in his days, nobody needed to ask about Demai.


(Gemara) Question: Let him make the declaration on the first day of Pesach?

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Answer: He doesn't, so that he will have what to eat on the festival.


Question: Let him recite the Vidui in the morning (rather than in the afternoon on the last day of Yom Tov)?



Answer: There is still a Mitzvah to eat until then.

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(Baraisa): ((Devarim 26:13), "I have removed the Holy items from the house" - this is Maaser Sheni, Neta Revai) and Bikurim. (The Mishnah did not mention Bikurim.) Who is the Tanna who teaches (that) Bikurim (need Biur)? It's the Rabbanan. Who does not teach Bikurim? R. Shimon, as a Mishnah teaches (in Maseches Bikurim 2:2) that the first Tana says that Bikurim need Biur and R. Shimon exempts them.



"...and I have given to the Levi" (- this is Maaser Levi (i.e. Rishon)) - this teaches that we don't give Maaser to a Kohen.



(R. Yona): This shows that if a person's Tevel was burned, he cannot say the Vidui.

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One Tanna taught from the phrase in the pasuk, "...according to all of Your commandments that You commanded me" that if a person transgressed even one Mitzvah of the Torah, he cannot recite the Vidui. Another Tanna said that it refers to the Mitzvos of the Parsha of Vidui only.



Question (R. Acha bar Pappa to R. Zeira): (According to the first Tanna, would he be unable to recite the Vidui) even if he had donned the head Tefillin before the arm Tefillin?



Answer (R. Zeira): Yes, I also reason that way.