BECHOROS 7 (24 Cheshvan) - dedicated by Dr. Moshe and Rivkie Snow in memory of Rivkie's father, the Manostrishtcher Rebbi, Hagaon Rav Yitzchak Yoel ben Harav Gedaliah Aharon Rabinowitz Ztz"l, Rav of Kehilas Nachalas Yehoshua in Canarsie, NY. A personification of the Torah scholar of old, the Ukranian-born Rebbi lived most of his life in the United States where his warm ways changed many lives.

[7a - 52 lines; 7b - 48 lines]

*********************GIRSA SECTION*********************

We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos.

[1] Gemara 7b [line 20]:

"Alma Ba'i Machshavah"


[2] Gemara 7b [line 31]:

"Lo, Bein Hu Chai v'Imo Mesah"

The Girsa of Rashi is

"Lo, Bein Hu Chai v'Imo Chayah"

(Tosfos DH Lo explains the meaning of the printed Girsa)

[3] Gemara 7b [line 40]:

The words "Amrei Hai I'akla"

should read "Eimar Hai I'akla"

[3] Gemara 7b [line 45]:

"Rov Dagim b'Minan Mashritzim"



1)[line 13] ZEH IY ATAH OCHEL- this one (an animal which is identical to a camel that was born from a Kosher animal) you may not eat

2)[line 13] AVAL ATAH OCHEL HA'BA B'SIMAN ECHAD- but you may eat it if it resembles its Kosher mother in some respect (for example, it has a similar foot, hand, or hair)

3)[line 15] TAMEI HA'NOLAD MIN HA'TAHOR V'IBURO MIN HA'TAHOR- an animal similar in appearance to a non-Kosher animal that was born from a Kosher animal which had been impregnated from a Kosher animal; i.e. both its mother and father were Kosher

4)[line 33] KALUT BEN PARAH- an animal with closed-hooves which was born from a Kosher animal (which, according to Rebbi Shimon, is forbidden to be eaten)

5)[line 39] VLAD TEREIFAH- the offspring of a mother that is a Tereifah and a father that is not a Tereifah (or vice versa)

6)[line 49] D'LO ACHIREI- which are not turbid

7)[line 51]? MI'GUFEI KA MIMTZATZEI VA'ASIREI?- are they extracted from its body and therefore forbidden?

8)[line 51] HAVLA D'BISRA HU- it is the heat of the body (that makes the urine thick)


9)[line 4] U'MA'ALU L'YARKONA- and they may be used to heal for jaundice

10)[line 8] V'EIN MEMATZOS OSO MI'GUFAN- and they do not produce it by extracting it from their body

11)[line 9] DUVSHA RACHAMANA SHARYEI- honey was specifically permitted by a Gezeras ha'Kasuv (but any substance which is produced in a similar manner is prohibited)

12)[line 11] SHERETZ OF TAMEI- the offspring that non-Kosher flying insects breed

13)[line 13] MAH SHE'OF TAMEI MASHRITZ- that which a non-Kosher flying insect secretes

14)[line 15]HA'GAZIN- a type of locust (RASHI); a type of flying insect (TOSFOS)

15)[line 15]VEHA'TZIR'IN- and the hornets

16)[line 22] CHALEI D'YACHMURTA- ball-like formations found in the womb (RASHI) or dung (RABEINU GERSHOM) of the female Yachmur (white-rumped antelope; alternatively, a large white goat or buffalo)

17)[line 23] BEI'EI NINHU- they are testicles

18)[line 24] ZAR'A D'AYALA HU- it is the coalesced semen of the Ayal (gazelle; alternatively, the roe deer or red deer)

19)[line 25] LO MIZDAKEKAH- she refuses to have relations

20)[line 26]NASRI- it pours out (see Rabeinu Gershom) in abundance

21)[line 26] OR HA'BA KENEGED PANAV SHEL CHAMOR- the fetal-sac of a donkey

22)[line 27] PIRSHA B'ALMA HU- it is merely waste

23)[line 38] ASHRUTZEI ASHRITZ- the non-Kosher fish bred the Kosher-style fish

24)[line 39] DAG TAMEI MASHRITZ- a non-Kosher fish breeds live young within its body

25)[line 40] ' KI CHAZINA D'VALA AMRINAN HAI I'AKLA...- even when we see that a non-Kosher fish swallows a Kosher fish, we should say that the Kosher fish was digested and the Kosher-looking fish found inside was bred by the non-Kosher fish