hebrew
1)

What did Ya'akov have in mind when he compared Naftali to an Ayalah (gazelle)?

1.

Rashi: He had in mind the valley of Ginosar, whose fruit ripens quickly, before that of any other area of Eretz Yisrael. 1

2.

Rashbam: Naftali were swift in battle like gazelles 2

3.

Targum Onkelos: He was referring to the good land, which fell in his lot.

4.

Targum Yonasan: He is praising Naftali's agility, calling him a swift Shali'ach, with reference to the occasion when he ran swiftly to give his father the good news that Yosef was still alive and when he ran from Kena'an back to Egypt, to fetch the document that proved Ya'akov's rights to the Me'aras ha'Machpeilah. 3

5.

Da'as Zekenim #1: He praises Hashem for his portion, like a gazelle thanks its Maker for saving it from a trap. 4

6.

Da'as Zekenim #2, Hadar Zekenim #2: When a gazelle is slaughtered and flayed, the skin cannot contain the meat. So Naftoli's land cannot hold its Peros, for it has so many. 5

7.

Riva: The feminine alludes to Devorah, who was from Naftoli, and ruled over Yisrael.


1

Like the gazelle, which runs more swiftly than any other creature.

2

See Divrei-ha'Yamim 1 (12:9).

3

When Eisav claimed them as they about to bury Ya'akov. Also Moshav Zekenim brings this. Refer to 49:21:2:2.

4

It seems that this is Hadar Zekenim's intent, but the wording is a bit awkward. (PF)

5

Eretz Yisrael is similarly compared to a deer. (If so, why was this said specifically about Naftoli? - PF)

2)

What are the Imrei Shafer (beautiful sayings) that he delivers?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos): This refers to their fruits (refer to 49:21:1:1), which elicit thanks and blessings to Hashem.

2.

Targum Yonasan: And nobody can surpass his beauty of expression when he sings songs of praise to Hashem. 1

3.

Da'as Zekenim: They are nice branches.


1

With reference to Shiras Devorah, who was from Naftali, (See also Ba'al ha'Turim).

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