THE COLOR OF THE GOLD
(R. Chisda): There are seven types of gold, each listed with its name derivation.
(R. Ashi): There are five types, each comes in regular and Tov.
A Beraisa is cited to affirm that the gold called Parva'im derives its name from its similarity to the blood of Parim.
THE EXTRA FINE FLOUR
The extra word "Dakah" teaches us a finer ground over the already fine ground normally required.
THE KOHANIM GOING UP ON THE RIGHT SIDE
As we were taught, that all turns in the Mikdash are to the right, eastward.
TODAY THE KOHEN GADOL GOES UP THE MIDDLE
This is to honor the Kohen Gadol.
TODAY THE KOHEN GADOL DOES KIDUSH FROM THE GOLD KITON
This, too, is to honor the Kohen Gadol.
The Beraisa lists the opinions of R. Yehudah (two Ma'arachos), R. Yosi (three) and Rebbi (four) and what purpose each one would serve (all opinions add one for Yom Kipur to the following):
Ma'arachah Gedolah (all opinions)
Ma'arachah Ketanah for Ketores (all opinions)
Kiyum ha'Eish (R. Yosi and Rebbi)
For incompletely burnt Eivarim and Pedarim (Rebbi only)
The source Pesukim for the two Ma'arachos (upon which all agree) are cited.
The source for Kiyum ha'Eish is cited (R. Yosi).
Question: What will R. Yehudah do with this Pasuk?
Answer: R. Yehudah will learn that the Alisa must be lit on the Mizbe'ach (as we find the opinions of both R. Yehudah and R. Yosi in the Beraisa).
Question: Whence will R. Yosi learn the rule regarding igniting the Alisa?
Answer: The same way R. Shimon learns it in the Beraisa (applying the Pasuk to Alisa since it could not be teaching us the obvious Halachah that a Zar cannot go on the Mizbe'ach).
Question: Then why doesn't R. Yehudah use the same source?
Answer: That source could allow a Zar to ignite the Alisa on the Mizbe'ach using a blower while standing on the ground.
Question: What is the source for the Ma'arachah of Eivarim and Pedarim?
Answer: The Vav of "ve'Eish".
Question: What will the Rabanan do with that Vav?
Answer: It is not subject to interpretation.
Question: What will the Rabanan do with those unburnt Eivarim and Pedarim?
Answer: The Pasuk indicates that we should put them back on the Ma'arachah Gedolah (as cited in the Beraisa).
Question: What will R. Meir do with this D'rashah?
Answer: It teaches that only unburnt parts of an Olah are returned to the fire, not those of the Ketores.
ADDING A MA'ARACHAH FOR YOM KIPUR
Question: What is the source for this (universally agreed) extra Ma'arachah?
Answer: It is learned from "ve'ha'Eish" (which is significant even according to those who do not learn a Vav alone).
Question: What is taught by "Eish Tamid"?
Answer: As in the Beraisa, it teaches that the Ma'arachah for the Ketores is to be made on the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon.
Question: Whence do we know the Eish, Machtah and Menorah come from there as well?
Answer: The word/concept "Eish" connects them all to the Ketores (and a Pasuk is cited to prevent us from learning the connection in the reverse).
Question: Whence that the fire for the Machtah comes from the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon, as well as the fire for the Menorah?
Answer: They are connected, again, by "Eish" (and the Pasuk prevents us from reversing the connection).
The Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon is identifiable in the Pasuk as the one which is only partially Lifnei Hash-m.
Question: What is learned from the redundant "Me'al ha'Mizbe'ach" and "mi'Lifnei Hash-m"?
Answer: Each are needed to protect us from misidentifying the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon and the location on the Mizbe'ach.