YOMA 37 - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends. His Yahrzeit is 5 Teves.

1)

THE VIDUI

(a)

Question: What is the source for the plea 'Ana'?

(b)

Answer: Gezeirah Shavah from the plea of Moshe.

(c)

Question: What is the source for including the Shem?

(d)

Answer: Gezeirah Shavah from Eglah Arufah.

(e)

Question (Abaye): Why isn't Eglah Arufah informed by the plea of Moshe (to include 'Ana')?

1.

Answer: Perhaps it is!

2.

Question: But the Mishnah cites the Vidui by Eglah Arufah and it does not include 'Ana'?

(f)

Answer: Good question.

2)

THE SOURCES FOR THE RESPONSE: BARUCH SHEM

(a)

(Rebbi): The source for their response is "Ki Shem Ekra... "

(b)

(Chananyah the nephew of R. Yehoshua): "Zecher Tzadik li'Verachah"

3)

MISHNAH: THE LOTTERY OVER THE SA'IRIM

(a)

The lottery was held in the East of the Azarah, North of the Mizbe'ach.

(b)

The S'gan stood to his right; the Rosh Beis Av to his left.

(c)

The Goralos (lots) were in a Kalfi (box).

(d)

The Goralos were made by Yehoshua b. Gamla, who is praised for his contribution, along with:

1.

Ben Katin who made 12 spouts for the Kiyor as well as the device for lowering the Kiyor into the pit.

2.

Munbaz who made the handles out of gold.

3.

Hileni, his mother, who made a gold Menorah and a gold tablet for the Parshas Sotah.

4.

Nikanor who made the doors which were miraculously delivered.

4)

THE LOCATION OF THE MIZBE'ACH

(a)

We may infer from the Mishnah that the Mizbe'ach was located centrally, not to the North.

(b)

This follows the opinion of R. Eliezer b. Ya'akov (that the Mizbe'ach was entirely in the South, leaving the entire North open).

(c)

Question: But the Reisha follows R. Elazar b'R. Shimon (that the Mizbe'ach was centered such that the Korban was slaughtered Bein Ulam la'Mizbe'ach)!?

(d)

Answer: The Mishnah is all R. Elazar b. Ya'akov, and Bein Ulam la'Mizbe'ach means at the closest spot to there.

5)

PROPER ETIQUETTE FOR WALKING WITH ONE'S RAV

(a)

(R. Yehudah): One who walks to the right of his Rav is a boor.

(b)

Questions: The Talmid does walk to the right!?

1.

Our Mishnah speaks of the Segan to the right of the Kohen Gadol?

2.

The Beraisa teaches that the greater Talmid walks to the right of his Rav when they are en route?

3.

The three angels greeted Avraham, again with Gavriel to the right of Michael?

(c)

Answer: We mean to (the right in order to) conceal his Rav (from behind).

(d)

Question: But we learned that one who walks behind his Rav is haughty?

(e)

Answer: It means to conceal him from the sides (slightly behind him to his sides).

6)

THE SOURCE FOR THE LOTS

(a)

The Beraisa understands the Pasuk Goralos that they may be made of any material.

1.

One might think that two Goralos were placed on each animal, thus the Pasuk clarifies, "One Goral... "

2.

Perhaps we would put both Goralos on this animal and then both on that, thus the Pasuk clarifies, "One Goral... "

3.

The word "Goralos", then, teaches that the two stubs must be made of the same material.

(b)

Question: But that is obvious?

(c)

Answer: We might have thought that the Goralos, like the Tzitz bearing the Name, must be of gold.

1.

"Goral", "Goral" comes to include.

2.

It includes the poorest and the finest woods.

7)

BEN KATIN AND THE TWELVE SPOUTS

(a)

Question: Why did he make this change?

(b)

Answer: So that all 12 of his brethren doing the Avodah would be able to wash at once, not as previously, when there were only two spigots.

(c)

In the morning the Kohanim would wash from the upper spigot, and in the afternoon from the lower one.

8)

BEN KATIN AND THE MUCHANI

(a)

Question: What is 'Muchni'?

(b)

Answer (Abaye): A wheel for immersing the Kiyor.

9)

MUNBAZ AND THE GOLDEN HANDLES

(a)

Question: Why didn't he make the entire vessel out of gold?

37b----------------------------------------37b

(b)

Answer (Abaye): We are speaking of the handles of the knives.

(c)

Question: But the Beraisa lists the handles of the vessels and the handles of the knives separately?!

(d)

Answer: We are speaking of the handles of the cutting tools.

10)

HILENI AND THE GOLDEN MENORAH

(a)

When the sun rose this Menorah would sparkle and all present would know to recite the Shema at the proper time.

(b)

Question: But we learned that the members of the Mishmar said Sh'ma early, and the Anshei Ma'amad said it late?!

(c)

Answer: It refers to other bystanders.

11)

HILENI AND THE GOLDEN TABLET

(a)

Question: May we infer from here that it is permitted to write a section of the Torah as a separate scroll (for a child)?

(b)

Answer: No, it only contained the initials of the words.

(c)

Question: But the Beraisa teaches that the Kohen wrote just what was written on the tablet.

(d)

Answer: It was written alternating words and initials.

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