[25a - 48 lines; 25b - 43 lines]

1)[line 5]מניין שלא ...MINAYIN SHE'LO ...- Our Gemara wonders how non-sanctified clothing could be left underneath the Bigdei Kehunah. The Michnasayim must be placed directly upon the skin!

2)[line 8]בגדי חולBIGDEI CHOL- non-sanctified clothing [worn on the upper body. These were left so that the Kohen should not be completely unclothed]

3)[line 11]לשכת הגזיתLISHKAS HA'GAZIS- TY #27; The Chamber of Hewn Stone, where the Great Sanhedrin (see Background to 22:38) sat in judgement. Alternatively, The Chamber Of Pruning, as the Sanhedrin weeded out those Kohanim whose lineage was found to be lacking (RITVA).

4)[line 12]בסילקיBASILKI- basilica, a high-ceilinged second-story room

5)[line 13]מוקפיןMUKAFIN- surrounding

6)[line 14]בכוליארBACHULI'AR- (O.F. nosche; a brooch) a circle

7)[line 17]כדתני רב יהודה ...KED'KATANI RAV YEHUDAH ...- It is evident from this Beraisa that it is not uncommon for Kohanim to be dressed in non-sanctified garments resembling Bigdei Kehunah. Their mothers fashion such clothing in order to demonstrate both their wealth and weaving ability as well as their fondness for the Mitzvah.

8)[line 19]עבודת יחידAVODAS YACHID- a) an Avodah that does not directly benefit Klal Yisrael, such as the removal of those utensils used in the burning of the Ketores on Yom ha'Kipurim from the Kodesh ha'Kodashim, which is necessary only for maintenance (RASHI 35b); b) any stage in the Avodah of a private, non-obligatory Korban (ME'IRI 35b)

9)[line 35]שוחטSHOCHET- slaughters [the Korban Tamid]

10)[line 36]מדשן מזבח הפנימיMEDASHEN MIZBE'ACH HA'PENIMI- removes the ash from the Golden Mizbe'ach [located in the Heichal]

11)[line 36]מדשן את המנורהMEDASHEN ES HA'MENORAH- cleans the Menorah of ash and leftover oil

12)[line 37]הראש והרגלHA'ROSH VEHA'REGEL- the head and the right hind leg (these limbs are carried by one Kohen)

13)[line 38]ידיםYADAYIM- the forelegs

14)[line 38]העוקץ והרגלHA'UKATZ VEHA'REGEL- the tailbone (also called the Atzeh; Vayikra 3:9) [including the Alyah (the fatty meat of the tail), the Etzba ha'Kaved (the lower lobe of the liver) and both kidneys (Tamid 31b)] and the left hind leg (these limbs are carried by one Kohen)

15)[line 38]החזה והגרהHE'CHAZEH VEHA'GERAH- the fat upon the chest and the neck [including the windpipe, the upper lobe of the liver, and the heart] (these limbs are carried by one Kohen)

16)[line 39]דפנותDEFANOS- flanks

17)[line 39]קרביםKERAVAYIM- the intestines [which are placed in a bowl with the Kera'ayim (feet) placed on top (Tamid ibid.)]

18)[line 39]סלת ... ייןSOLES ... YAYIN (NESACHIM)

(a)Nesachim are wine libations offered along with a Korban Shelamim or Olah, whether these Korbanos are offered by the Tzibor (Bamidbar 28:11-15, 20-21) or an individual (Bamidbar 15:3-16). All Nesachim are offered along with a meal offering known as a Minchas Nesachim.

(b)The Korban Tamid requires three Lugin (1/4 Hin) of wine for the Nesachim, and three Lugin (1/4 Hin) of oil mixed with one Isaron of flour for the Minchah.


(a)The Kohen Gadol offers a daily Minchah (see Background to 6:37) consisting of one-tenth of an Eifah of wheat flour. The dough is formed into twelve rolls that are boiled, baked, and then fried in olive oil in a flat pan. Six of these rolls are burned on the Mizbe'ach in the morning, and the remaining half towards evening (Vayikra 6:12).

(b)Although the Kohen Gadol must purchase the ingredients of the Chavitin with his personal funds, he need not offer it himself on the Mizbe'ach.

20)[line 41]דרך הלוכוDERECH HILUCHO- the order in which it walks; i.e., from front to back

21)[line 43]אחת מפייסיןACHAS MEFISIN- did they stage only one Payis [in which case the Kohen selected, along with the twelve Kohanim to his right, performed the Avodah]?


22)[line 2]מחתהMACHTAH- the shovel used to transport coals from the outer Mizbe'ach in order to burn the Ketores on the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav in the Heichal

23)[line 2]זה שעמוZEH SHE'IMO- the Kohen to his right

24)[line 4]איכא דאמריIKA D'AMRI- some say [that instead of proving that the every Payis consisted of only one selection process, the Tosefta proves just the opposite]

25a)[line 7]לא שכיחאLO SHECHICHAH- [the offering of the Ketores] is not a common Avodah [since it is only available twice a day, unlike the various Korbanos which are offered by individuals as well]

b)[line 7]מעתראME'ATRA- it enriches [those Kohanim who perform it]

26)[line 12]מקבלMEKABEL (ARBA AVODOS)

(a)The offering of a Korban consists of four primary actions. These four Avodos are Shechitah (slaughtering), Kabalas ha'Dam (collecting the lifeblood of the Korban in a vessel), Holachah (bringing the blood to the Mizbe'ach) and Zerikah (dashing the blood upon the Mizbe'ach).

(b)Our Mishnah mentions only the first and last of these actions. The Holachah is presumed to be performed by the same Kohen who performs the Zerikah. The question dealt with here is which Kohen performs the Kabalah.

27)[line 13]חביבותיהCHAVIVUSEI- fondness

28)[line 15]זימנין דשחיט זרZIMNIM D'AHACHIT ZAR- sometimes the slaughter may be performed by a non-Kohen [which is permissible, as Shechitah is not an Avodah]

29)[line 16]בן קטיןBEN KATIN- one of the Kohanim Gedolim who served during the second Beis ha'Mikdash

30)[line 16]דד לכיורDAD LA'KIYOR- faucets for the Kiyor

31)[line 16]י"ב אחיו הכהנים העסוקין בתמידSHNEIM ASAR ECHAV HAKOHANIM HA'ASUKIM B'TAMID- Since Shechitah does not require a Kohen, the Kohen who performs it need not wash his hands and feet from the Kiyor.

32)[line 17]מקדשין ידיהן ורגליהןMEKADSHIM YADEIHEN V'RAGLEIHEN- see Background to 22:6

33a)[line 26]דרך הפשטוDERECH HEFSHETO- the order in which it is skinned; i.e., from front to back

b)[line 28]דרך ניתוחוDERECH NITUCHO- the order in which it is dismembered

c)[line 31]דרך עילויוDERECH ILUYO- an order based on the quality of the limbs, with the choicest cuts offered first

34)[line 34]והכתיב, "[אֱסֹף נְתָחֶיהָ אֵלֶיהָ,] כָּל-נֵתַח טוֹב יָרֵךְ וְכָתֵף"VEHA'CHESIV "KOL NESACH TOV YARECH V'CHASEF?"- is it not written, "[Gather its limbs to [the pot]; every choice cut, the thigh and the shoulder ..." (Yechezkel 2:4)? This implies that the hind legs are of higher quality than the forelegs. This is a question upon a) the Tana of our Mishnah, who is about to be quoted; the proper placement of this question is afterward (BACH); b) the Tana just quoted, according to the Girsa of the Tosfos Yeshanim who flips the order of the forelegs and the rump with the left hind leg; c) all of the Tana'im who listed the left hind leg after the forelegs (Tosfos Yeshanim, second explanation).

35)[line 35]כחושהKECHUSHAH- a lean animal

36)[line 36]ר' יוסיREBBI YOSI- Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili. (The Dikdukei Sofrim switches "Rebbi Yosi" and Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili" in the Beraisa quoted earlier.)

37a)[line 37]מר אזיל בתר איברא דבישראMAR AZIL BASAR IVRA D'VISRA- the Tana of our Mishnah follows the size of the limbs

b)[line 38]מר אזיל בתר שמנא דבישראMAR AZIL BASAR SHAMNA D'VISRA- the Tana of the Beraisa follows the fat content of the limbs

38)[line 38]סלקאSALKA- goes up

39)[line 41]פדרPEDER- the fatty membrane dividing the intestines from the stomachs

40)[last line]ואידך פדרV'IDACH PEDER- and the other Pasuk that mentions the head and Peder specifically (Vayikra 1:8)