TEMURAH 22 (Tisha b'Av) - Dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, in memory of his father, Reb Yisrael Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel. Isi Turkel, as he was known, loved Torah and worked to support it literally with his last ounce of strength. He passed away on 10 Av 5740.

[22a - 40 lines; 22b - 50 lines]

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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, the Tzon Kodashim, the Vilna Ga'on and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos.

[1] Gemara 22a [line 4]:

Hagahos ha'Gra #1 belongs at the end of the line, after the word "Hadadei" הדדי

[2] Gemara [line 14]:

"Ki Ketani Reisha Mesah" כי קתני רישא מתה

The word "Reisha" רישא does not appear in Rashi and Rabeinu Gershom and is unnecessary

[3] Rashi 22a DH Avrah Shenasah ד"ה עברה שנתה:

The words "Rei'usah, d'Ibud, Mesah" ריעותא דעבוד מתה

should be "Rei'usah Levad d'Ibud, Mesah" ריעותא לבד דעבוד מתה (Rashash)

[4] Gemara 22b [line 5]:

Should be corrected as suggested by Shitah Mekubetzes #1

[5] Rashi 22b DH Lishna Acharina ד"ה לישנא אחרינא:

Should be corrected as suggested by Tzon Kodashim #1

[6] ibid:

Hagahos ha'Gra #4 belongs at the end of the Dibur ha'Maschil

[7] Rashi DH Aliba ד"ה אליבא:

Should be corrected as suggested by Shitah Mekubetzes #22

[8] ibid:

Should be corrected as suggested by Shitah Mekubetzes #24


1)[line 24]ישמורYISHMOR- he should wait

2)[line 34]אבידה דלילה לא שמה אבידהAVEIDAH D'LAILAH LO SHMAH AVEIDAH- a Korban that became lost (and found) at night does not have the status of a "lost" Korban. The Gemara's question here is based on the fact that the Mishnah appears to be discussing a situation in which the animal first became one year old, and then was lost (TOSFOS DH u'Mi). This is inferred from the fact that the Mishnah says "Avrah Shenasah" before "Avdah" (HAGAHOS HA'GRA #2).

3)[line 37]בעלי חיים נדחיןBA'ALEI CHAYIM NIDACHIN

Literally, "animals can become irrevocably rejected"; i.e. if at one point in time an animal becomes unfit to be sacrificed, it remains unfit forever. There is a Machlokes in this matter. (In the case of the Gemara here, this refers to a situation in which the Sa'ir la'Azazel was lost, and consequently its corresponding Sa'ir la'Sh-m becomes "rejected" and is unfit for use (according to Rebbi Yochanan), because the corresponding Sa'ir la'Azazel must be in existence in order for the Sa'ir la'Hash-m to be valid.)


4)[line 25]כוס עושה חבירו שיריים / כוס עושה חבירו דחויKOS OSEH CHAVEIRO DACHUY / KOS OSEH CHAVEIRO SHIRAYIM

When the blood of a Korban is collected in more than one utensil, but only one utensil was used to perform the required amount of sprinklings, the Tana'im argue as to the status of the blood of the other utensils. One opinion holds that the blood of these utensils is treated like the Sheyarim (the remainder of the blood) of the first utensil, and is therefore poured on the foundation of the Mizbe'ach. Another opinion rules that this blood becomes Dachuy (rejected) and is spilled into the Amah (the water channel that ran through the Azarah).