SHEVUOS 40 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

[40a - 40 lines; 40b - 57 lines]

1)[line 6]בדינר מטבעותB'DINAR MATBE'OS- (a) the case is where he claimed a minted coin, which he refers to as a "Dinar" (RASHI); (b) Reuven claimed that he gave to Shimon a gold Dinar to change into smaller coins, and did not receive them. Shimon admits to part of the claim. He is liable for a Shevu'as Modeh b'Miktzas because all coins are considered the same Min (TOSFOS).

2)[line 12]דינר זהב זהובDINAR ZAHAV ZAHUV- [he claimed] "a gold Dinar of gold"

3)[line 14]סתמא שוה קאמר ליהSETAMA SHAVEH KA'AMAR LEI- [if he said a gold Dinar,] it is assumed that he meant the value

4)[line 17]לסיועיה לרבL'SIYU'EI L'RAV- as a support for Rav

5)[line 21]והעדאת עד אחדV'HA'ADA'AS ED ECHAD- and the testimony of one witness

6)[line 23]"לא יקום עד אחד באיש לכל עון ולכל חטאת...""LO YAKUM ED ECHAD B'ISH L'CHOL AVON UL'CHOL CHATAS [B'CHOL CHET ASHER YECHETA; AL PI SHENEI EDIM O AL PI SHELOSHAH EDIM YAKUM DAVAR]"- "One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, [in any sin that he may commit; according to two witnesses or three witnesses shall the matter be established]" (Devarim 19:15) - This verse teaches that although one witness does not obligate the defendant to pay, he does obligate him to swear.

7)[line 26]עד אחד מחייב שבואהED ECHAD ME'CHAYEV SHEVUA'H (SHEVU'AH: ED ECHAD)

Beis Din may not extract money in a court cased based upon the testimony of a solitary witness. The Torah states "Al Pi Shenei Edim... Yakum Davar" - "according to the testimony of two witnesses... shall a verdict be established" (Devarim 19:15). However, Chazal learn that the testimony of one witness is effective to obligate the defendant to take an oath that contradicts this testimony. If the defendant does not agree to swear, Beis Din can then obligate the defendant to pay all of the liabilities to which the one witnessed testified.

8)[line 29]יישרYEYASHER- that is right!

9)[line 31]מישהא הוה שהי ליה ושתיק ליהMISH'HA HAVAH SHAHI LEI V'SHASIK LEI- he (Reish Lakish) would wait for him and be quiet for him (for Rebbi Yochanan to finish speaking, at which point he would then express his argument)


10)[line 2]קרקע לאו בת שבועה היאKARKA LAV BAS SHEVU'AH HI- land is not something on which an oath may be made

11)[line 3]כלים וכלים דומיא דכלים וקרקעותKELIM V'CHELIM DUMYA D'KELIM V'KARKA'OS- if the claimant demands vessels from the defendant, and the defendant admits to some and denies others, it should be comparable to a case in which the claimant demands vessels and land, and the defendant admits to the vessels and denies the land

12)[line 7]זוקקין את הנכסים שיש להם אחריות לישבע עליהןZOKEKIN ES HA'NECHASIM SHE'YESH LAHEM ACHRAYUS LISHAVA ALEIHEN- see Background to 38:27

13)[line 9]אגב גררא נסבהAGAV GERARA NASBAH- it is taught here only incidentally (with other laws of land)

14)[line 34]ולא דחויי מדחינא לךV'LO DECHUYEI MADCHINA LACH- I am not just pushing you off [with that answer]

15)[line 34]תלמוד ערוך הואTALMUD ARUCH HU- it is an explicit teaching

16)[line 37]אם כמערים חייבIM K'MA'ARIM CHAYAV- if he was [admitting] like one who acts slyly (that is, he rushed to admit because he sensed that the claimant was about to claim barley as well), he is obligated [to swear]

17)[line 39]מחטיןMACHTIN- needles

18)[line 48]שבועת היסתSHEVU'AS HESES- a Shevu'ah d'Rabanan (see Shevu'os 48b; see RASHI there).

19)[line 51]אשתמוטי הוא דקא משתמיט ליהISHTEMUTEI HU D'KA MISHTAMIT LEI- he is surely attempting to evade his creditor [until he can pay]