1)

MATTERS USED IN LIEU OF SHOES (Yerushalmi Halachah 8 Daf 38a)

מתני' הקיטע יוצא בקב שלו דברי ר"י

(a)

(Mishnah - R. Yosi): One who is missing a foot may go out with a Kav (false foot. It houses what remains of his leg);

ור"מ אוסר

(b)

R. Meir forbids. (It is not a Tachshit.)

אם יש לו בית קיבול כתיתין טמא

(c)

If it has a receptacle for tufts [for his leg to rest on] it is Tamei.

סמוכות שלו טמאים מדרס ויוצאין בהן בשבת ונכנסין בהן לעזרה

(d)

[If he is missing both feet and walks on his knees,] his Semuchos (leather that he puts under his knees) are Mekabel Tum'as Medras. He may go out with them on Shabbos. He may enter the Azarah with them.

כסא סמוכות שלו טמאין מדרס ואין יוצאין בהן בשבת ואין נכנסין בהן לעזרה

(e)

[If he is missing both feet and cannot walk on his knees,] his chair and its Semuchos are Mekabel Tum'as Medras. He may not go out with them on Shabbos, and he may not enter the Mikdash with them. (They are like shoes for him.)

אנקטמין טהורין ואין יוצאין בהן:

(f)

Ankatmin (this will be explained) is Tahor, and one may not go out with it.

גמ' שמואל אמר יוצאין בו משום סנדל ונכנסין בו לעזרה.

(g)

(Gemara - Shmuel): He may go out with [a Kav,] due to (for it is considered) a shoe, and he may enter the Azarah with it.

רבי ינאי מקשה ויוצאין בו משום סנדל. והוא סנדל נכנסין בו לעזרה ואינו סנדל.

(h)

Question (R. Yanai): He may go out with it, due to a shoe, i.e. it is considered a sandal. He may enter the Azarah with it - it is not a shoe?!

א"ר (בעא) [צ"ל מנא - הגר"ח קניבסקי שליט"א] עד די הוות מקשה לה על דשמואל קשייתה על דמתניתין סמוכות שלו טמאין מדרס ויוצאין בהן בשבת [דף לח עמוד ב] ונכנסין בהן בעזרה.

(i)

Question (R. Mana): Rather than challenging Shmuel, challenge our Mishnah! His Semuchos are Mekabel Tum'as Medras. He may go out with them on Shabbos, and he may enter the Azarah with them!

א"ר מנא אמור סופה דלית היא פליגא על דשמואל: כסא סמוכות שלו טמאין מדרס ואין יוצאין בהן בשבת ואין נכנסין בהן לעזרה

(j)

Answer (to both questions - R. Mana): [If you resolve the Reisha with] the Seifa, it is not unlike Shmuel. His chair and its Semuchos are Mekabel Tum'as Medras. He may not go out with them on Shabbos, and he may not enter the Azarah with them. (Surely they are shoes, so he may not enter the Azarah. We must say that he may not go out with them on Shabbos, lest they fall and he carry them. His Semuchos are not considered shoes, for there is no concern lest they fall, for they stick to his knees. We say that a Kav is a shoe to teach that he may go out with it on Shabbos, just like we do not decree against shoes. However, it is not truly a shoe to forbid entering the Azarah with it. We explained this like PNEI MOSHE.)

אנקטמין טהורין ואין יוצאין בהן.

(k)

Ankatmin is Tahor, and one may not go out with it.

מהו אנקטמין טהורין.

(l)

Question: What is Ankatmin, which is Tahor?

א"ר אבהו הונום קטמין חמרא דיידא:

(m)

Answer (R. Avahu): It is [called here] Honum Katmin. It is jester's [mock] donkey.

2)

DARCHEI HA'EMORI AND SIMANIM (Yerushalmi Halachah 9 Daf 38b)

מתני' הבנים יוצאין בקשרים ובני מלכים בזוגין

(a)

(Mishnah): Boys may go out with Kesharim (this will be explained). Princes may go out with bells;

וכל אדם אלא שדיברו חכמים בהווה

1.

Everyone [is permitted]. Chachamim discussed the usual cases.

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