NEDARIM 7 (7 Cheshvan 5783) - Dedicated anonymously in honor of the Yahrzeit of ha'Gaon Rav Meir Shapiro, creator of the Dafyomi study cycle. May we be protected and blessed in his merit (See here for links relating to the life of the Rav and to his Yahrzeit.)

[7a - 26 lines; 7b - 23 lines]

1)[line 1]לקטLEKET

"Leket" refers to individual (one or two) stalks of grain that inadvertently slipped out of the reaper's hand while he harvested them (by cutting them underneath with a sickle) or while he uprooted them (if he is not using a sickle) (Chinuch #218; see Pe'ah 4:10 and Chidushei Anshei Shem). Such stalks may not be retrieved by the owner but must be left for the poor, as described in Vayikra (19:9-10), "v'Leket Ketzircha Lo Selaket... le'Ani vela'Ger Ta'azov Osam" - "Do not pick up the individual stalks that have fallen from the harvest... you shall leave them (the gifts of Pe'ah, Leket, Olelos, and Peret) for the poor and the stranger." If three stalks fall together, they are not considered Leket and may be retrieved by the owner.

2)[line 1]שכחהSHICHECHAH

If one or two bundles of grain were forgotten in the field when the other bundles were collected, they must be left for the poor, as described in Devarim (24:19).

3)[line 6]לנפקותא בעלמאL'NAFKUSA B'ALMA- for normal expenditures

4)[line 7]ודבורא הוא דלא אסקיהV'DIBURA HU D'LO ASKEI- and he did not complete his statement

5)[line 13]דאין היקש למחצהEIN HEKESH L'MECHETZAH- A Hekesh is one of the thirteen methods for extracting the Halachah from the verses of the Torah, in which two subjects that are mentioned in a verse are compared. If there are a few possible Halachos that the Hekesh teaches, we learn them all. We do not say that it teaches us only one or two of the Halachos (unless we have an explicit teaching that excludes a specific Halachah).

6)[line 20]דיש זימוןD'YESH ZIMUN (YESH ZIMUN)

If an area was designated or a building was built as a bathroom but not yet used as such, there is a difference of opinion as to whether the Zimun (intent) prevents a person from praying inside this place or not. The Halachah is that the intent is not Halachically binding, however it is Asur mid'Rabanan to pray there since this is considered an indignity to Keri'as Shema or Tefilah (SHULCHAN ARUCH Orach Chayim 83:2). A person who prays inside does not fulfill his obligation of prayer. It is permissible to pray outside within four Amos (ibid.), but there are those who argue (MISHNAH BERURAH 83:7).

7)[line 22]חדא מגו חדא קמיבעיא ליהCHADA MIGO CHADA KAMIBAYA LEI- that is, he pondered this question in an "Im Timtzeh Lomar" ("Were you to say") format, as follows: Is Zimun for a Beis ha'Kisei Halachically binding? Were you to say that it is, is there a Yad or not?

8)[line 23]תיבעי ליהTIBA'I LEI- the problem stands unanswered (this is the equivalent of "Teiku" in other places in the Gemara)

9)[line 25]בנדינא מינךB'NEDINA MINACH- I am [prohibited] to you as a person who has been excommunicated

10)[last line]משמתנא מינךMESHAMTANA MINACH- I am [prohibited] to you as a person who has been banned (not as severe as excommunication)


11)[line 17]ושרא לה לאלתר באפהV'SHARA LAH L'ALTAR B'APAH- and he revoked the excommunication in her presence

12)[line 20]ומיפר לעצמוU'MEIFER L'ATZMO- and he may cancel his own excommunication [that he applied to himself]

13)[line 21]חבושCHAVUSH- a prisoner

14)[line 22]משמית נפשיה ברישאMESHAMIS NAFSHEI B'REISHA, V'HADAR MESHAMES BAR BEI RAV- he excommunicated himself first, and then excommunicated the Torah scholar