MOED KATAN 25 (10 Elul) - This Daf has been dedicated in memory of Sheina Basha (daughter of Yakov and Dora) Zuckerman, who passed away on 10 Elul, by her children and sons in law.

[25a - 51 lines; 25b- 42 lines]

1)[line 4]ברחבהRECHAVAH- others provide the mourners with refreshments or a meal outside (lit. in the street or square), on their way home from the funeral

2)[line 5]אדם כשרADAM KASHER- (a) a person who is neither suspected of transgressing any sin nor of not keeping the Mitzvos and about whom no evil reports are spoken, even though he is not a Torah scholar (MAHARAM, ROSH, TUR YD 340:6, SHULHAN ARUCH ibid.); (b) a person who is known to make special efforts to keep the Mitzvos and to do Gemilus Chasadim (RABEINU YONAH, RAMBAN, BACH ibid., SHACH ibid.)

3a)[line 8]יבכה ויתאבל ערבונא קא שקיל מיניה?[KEDEI SHE']YIVKEH V'YISABEL, ARVONA KA SHAKIL MINEI?- [in order that] he should cry and mourn, a security is taken from him? (This Girsa is found in Shabbos 105b and should be added here.)

b)[line 9]ערבונא קא שקיל מיניה?ARVONA KA SHAKIL MINEI?- (lit. his pledge is taken away from him [even before he reneges on his loan]?) his children die even before he has committed a sin?

4)[line 26]וכף כדא אארעאKAF KADA A'AR'A- he turned over a pitcher on the floor

5)[line 28]לשלשולי דרך גגיןL'SHALSHULEI DERECH GAGIN- to hoist it up to the roof through the skylight and then carry it from roof to roof until it can be lowered to the ground

6)[line 31]"וירכיבו... אל עגלה חדשה""VA'YARKIVU... EL AGALAH CHADASHAH..."- "And they set the ark of HaSh-m upon a new cart...." (Shmuel II 6:3) - David ha'Melech had the Aron ha'Kodesh transported upon a new cart from the home of Avinadav in Giv'ah to the home of Oved Edom ha'Giti. (RASHI and other Mefarshim state that this was the same cart that the Pelishtim used to send the Aron ha'Kodesh to Beis Shemesh; see Background to Yoma 52:13. However, the commentary HA'KOSEV in EIN YAKOV writes that the verse (Shmuel I 6:14) states explicitly that that cart was dismantled and used as firewood to burn the cows that pulled it as Korbanos to HaSh-m. He claims that another cart was used to transport the Aron from Beis Shemesh to the house of Avinadav, and this cart was used twenty years later by David ha'Melech, proving that Chacham, Kevodo b'Mitah Rishonah.)

7)[line 32]פרוס בבאPARUS BAVA- they broke open and widened the doorway

8)[line 35]טפח ליה אבוה בסנדליהTAFACH LEI AVUHA B'SANDELEI- his father (Rav Chisda) tapped him (Rav Nachman or Rav Chanan) on his sandal; alt., his father hit him with his sandal

9)[line 35]לא תיטרוד עלמאLO SITROD ALMA- (lit. do not oppress the world) do not bother me with such questions

10)[line 36]שהיה כברSHE'HAYAH KEVAR- (a) prophecy was received outside of Eretz Yisrael only that one time (the prophecies of Yechezkel) ; (b) prophecy came to him outside of Eretz Yisrael because he had already received prophecy in Eretz Yisrael

11)[line 36]כי אסקוה להתםKI ASKUHA L'HASAM- when they brought him to Eretz Yisrael

12)[line 37]לדלויי רישיןL'DALUYEI REISHIN- to raise our heads

13a)[line 37]השתא אתינן הכאHASHTA ASINAN HACHA- now that we came here

b)[line 38]אתא בתרין?ASA BASRIN?- he came after us?

14)[line 42]שלדו קיימתSHILDO KAYEMES- the body is intact

15)[line 42]לא סיימוה קמיהLO SIYEMUHA KAMEI- they did not finish telling him the entire matter (that the body was intact)

16)[line 44]דאוקמתיה לתלמודאיD'UKMESEI L'TALMUDA'I- I firmly established my Torah learning

17)[line 44]תמני סריTAMNEI SEREI- eighteen

18)[line 45]ומשמע ליה קמיהU'MASHMA LEI KAMEI- I attended to his needs

19)[line 48]איבעיתIV'IS- became frightened

20)[line 48]זקפיה לארוניהZAKFEI L'ARONEI- he (Rav Chaga) stood up the coffin

21)[line 48]והאי דלא איענש ענש משום דזקפיה לארוניה דרב הונאV'HAI D'LO I'ANASH ANASH MISHUM D'ZAKFEI L'ARONEI D'RAV HUNA- and the reason why he (Rav Chaga) was not punished was because he stood up the coffin of Rav Huna (see Insights)

22)[line 50]למישלל קרעייהוL'MISHLAL KERA'AIHU- to baste the rents [in their garments]

25b----------------------------------------25b

23)[line 1]אגישראGISHRA- bridge

24)[line 2]טייעאTAIYA- an Arab merchant

25)[line 2]רבנןRABANAN- the deceased sages

26)[line 2]דקא עבדי יקרא אהדדיD'KA AVDEI YEKARA A'HADADI- who are honoring each other

27)[line 5]חליףCHALIF- passed [over the bridge]

28)[line 6]נתור ככיה ושניהNASUR KACHEI V'SHINEI- his molars and front teeth fell out

29)[line 7]ינוקאYENUKA- a young Yeshiva student

30)[line 7]גזע ישישיםGEZA YESHISHIM- the stock of the old, venerable sage (Rav Huna)

31)[line 8]קאתKA'AS- pelican; alternatively, the little desert owl

32)[line 8]וקפודKIPOD- owl

33)[line 9]בשודSHOD- destruction

34)[line 9]ושברSHEVER- calamity

35)[line 9]משנערSHIN'AR- the land of Bavel (the city of Bavel is located in the land of Shin'ar, as mentioned in Bereishis 10:10, 11:2; later the name Bavel came to refer to the entire area)

36)[line 11]רוכב ערבותROCHEV ARAVOS- the One who rides on the Heavens (deserts - MALBIM) (these words are taken from Tehilim 68:5)

37)[line 13]ספדנאSAFDANA- eulogizer

38)[line 13]תמרים הניעו ראשTEMARIM HENI'U ROSH- the date-palms shook their heads

39)[line 15]לבר קיפוקBAR KIPOK- the name of a eulogizer

40)[line 15]ההוא יומאHAHU YOMA- on that day [that I, Rav Ashi will pass away]

41)[line 16]מאי אמרת?MAI AMRAT?- what will you say in your eulogy

42)[line 16]בארזיםARAZIM- cedars (that are sturdy)

43)[line 17]שלהבתSHALHEVES- flame

44)[line 17]איזובי קירEIZOVEI KIR- hyssops that grow out of the wall (that are frail)

45)[line 17]בחכהCHAKAH- a fishing hook

46)[line 17]רקקREKAK- a pool of water or the shallow water near the shore

47)[line 18]בנחל שוטףNACHAL SHOTEF- a gushing river

48)[line 18]מי גביםMEI GEVIM- pond waters

49)[line 18]בר אביןBAR AVIN- the name of a eulogizer

50)[line 20]חלש דעתיה עלייהוCHALASH DA'ATEI ALAIHU- he became upset or depressed because of them

51)[line 20]ואתהפוך כרעייהוIS'HAPUCH KAR'AIHU- the soles of their feet became upturned (so that they could not walk)

52)[line 21]חליץCHALITZ (CHALITZAH)

See Background to 21:1.

53)[line 22]לדגלתDIGLAS- the Tigris River

54)[line 22]רוב שלישיתROV SHALISHIS- the majority of Shalishis, a term used for Bnei Yisrael (YA'AVETZ states that the correct Girsa should be Shelishiyah, which is a term used for Bnei Yisrael in Yeshayah 19:24); Rava was considered equal to the majority of Bnei Yisrael

55)[line 23]תעינו מאחריךTA'INU ME'ACHARECHA- we went astray and no longer follow You

56)[line 23]אל תזניחנוAL TAZNICHENU- do not forsake us

57)[line 23]כאות מי מרהK'OS MEI MARAH- like the sign of the bitter waters that the Sotah drinks

58)[line 26]לתוגהTUGAH- sorrow/distress

59)[line 27]נאנחNE'ENACH- moaned

60a)[line 27]בעת חנינתוB'ES CHANINASO- at the time of his (the newborn boy) receiving caresses

b)[line 27]אבד חנינוAVAD CHANINO- he (Rebbi Chanin) who was to caress him died

61)[line 30]יומו של יאשיהוYOMO SHEL YOSHIYAHU- the day that Yoshiyahu was killed by the archers of Pharaoh Nechoh in the valley of Megido (Armageddon) (Melachim II 23:29-35, Divrei ha'Yamim II 35:20-36:4)

62)[line 32]רבי אמי דעבד לגרמיה הוא דעבדREBBI AMI D'AVAD, L'GARMEI HU D'AVAD- Rebbi Ami, who acted in this way, was following his own opinion (no other Chachamim rule this way)

63)[line 34]ארץ שנערERETZ SHIN'AR- the land of Bavel (see above, entry #35)

64)[line 35]ארץ צביERETZ TZVI- Eretz Yisrael ("Tzevi" means "desire")

65)[line 35]שעשועיהSHA'ASHU'EHA- her (Shin'ar's) joy

66)[line 35]רקתREKES- Tiberias

67)[line 36]אחיתו עמודי דקסרי מיאACHISU AMUDEI D'KEISARI MAYA- the pillars of Caesarea shed tears

68)[line 36]דרבי יוסיD'REBBI YOSI- [at] Rebbi Yosi's [death]

69)[line 36]שפעו מרזבי דציפורי דמאSHAF'U MARZEVEI D'TZIPORI DAMA- blood flowed from the gutters of Tzipori (a) because Rebbi Yosi, who was an outstanding Talmid Chacham, came from Tzipori (RASHI to Sanhedrin 109a); (b) because Rebbi Yosi was martyred upholding the oneness of HaSh-m (YERUSHALMI, cited by TOSFOS); (c) because Rebbi Yosi gave up his life for the Mitzvah of Milah (TOSEFTA, cited by TOSFOS)

70)[line 37]אתחמיאו כוכבי ביממאISCHAMI'U KOCHAVEI B'YEMAMA- stars were seen during the day

71)[line 37]איעקרו כל אילניאI'AKRU KOL ILENAYA- all of the trees were uprooted

72)[line 38]נחיתו כיפי דנורא מרקיעאNECHISU KEIFEI D'NURA ME'REKI'A- meteors fell from the sky

73a)[line 38]אישתעו צלמנייאISHTA'U TZALMANAYA- [the faces and features of] the idols melted and became smooth

b)[line 39]והוו למחלצייאV'HAVU L'MECHALATZAYA- and became [flat as if they were pressed by] rolling machines

74)[line 39]איתקצצו כל אנדרטיאISKATZETZU KO ANDARTAYA- all the statues were cut down

75)[line 40]איחתרו שבעין מחתרתאICHASRU SHIV'IN MACHTARTA- seventy tunnels were dug by thieves

76)[line 40]נחיתו כיפי דברדא מרקיעאNECHISU KEIFEI D'VARDA ME'REKI'A- large hail stones fell from the sky

77)[line 41]נשוק כיפי דפרת אהדדיNASHUK KEIFEI D'FERAS A'HADADI- the shores of the River Pras touched each other (and the arched bridges were smashed in the process)

78)[last line]טעון דיקלי שיציTA'UN DIKLEI SHEITZEI- the date-palms bore thorns

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