1)

PARSHAS SHEKALIM

(a)

(R. Yitzchak Nafcha): If the weekly portion of Parshas Shekalim is Tetzaveh, six read Tetzaveh, and the last reads "Ki Sisa".

(b)

Objection (Abaye): If so, people will not realize that a special Parshah was read. They will think that this is where the Parshah finished (since Ki Sisa follows Tetzaveh)! Rather, six read the normal Parshah and Ki Sisa; and the seventh repeats Ki Sisa.

(c)

Question (Beraisa): If Rosh Chodesh Adar is in the week before or after (we normally read) Parshas Shekalim, we read it and repeat it.

1.

This is like Abaye, who says that the seventh repeats Ki Sisa. It is unlike R. Yitzchak Nafcha.

2.

Counter-question: When Parshas Shekalim was the previous Shabbos, why should we read it twice this Shabbos?

3.

Answer: Abaye must say that 'we repeat it' means that it is repeated the next Shabbos.

(d)

(e)

(R. Yitzchak Nafcha): If the weekly portion of is Ki Sisa, six read from the end of Parshas Shekalim until the end of Ki Sisa, and the seventh reads Parshas Shekalim.

(f)

Objection (Abaye): People will say that he is reading retroactively! Rather, six read Ki Sisa entirely, and the seventh repeats Parshas Shekalim.

(g)

Support (Beraisa): If Parshas Shekalim is the Shabbos we normally read Parshas Shekalim, we read it and repeat it.

(h)

(Rav): If Rosh Chodesh Adar falls on Friday, we read Parshas Shekalim the previous Shabbos;

(i)

(Shmuel): We read it the next day.

(j)

Rav says we read early, so there will be two weeks before the tables are set up;

(k)

Shmuel says that since the 15th will fall on Friday, the tables are not set up until Sunday the 17th. Therefore, we can read on the second, and this is two weeks beforehand.

(l)

Question (Mishnah): If Rosh Chodesh Adar falls during the week, we read Parshas Shekalim the previous Shabbos, and the next Shabbos there is no special Parshah.

1.

Suggestion: Even falling on Friday counts as during the week!

(m)

Answer: No, it refers to properly (earlier) in the week (when the coming Shabbos is less than two weeks before the tables).

(n)

Question (Beraisa): The first Shabbos (of the Parshiyos) is whichever Rosh Chodesh Adar falls b'Sochah (in it), even Friday.

1.

Suggestion: The Halachah when it is Friday is the same as when it is during the week, we read the Shabbos before!

(o)

Answer: No, Friday is the same as when it is Bah (on Shabbos, we do not read before it).

1.

Tana d'Vei Shmuel taught a Beraisa which explicitly says Bah.

(p)

Tana'im argue like Rav and Shmuel:

1.

(Beraisa - Rebbi): We skip a Shabbos (after the first Parshah, before reading Parshas Zachor);

2.

R. Shimon ben Elazar says, we do not skip, i.e. when Rosh Chodesh Adar falls on Friday. When it falls during the week, we read the previous Shabbos, even though it is Shevat.

2)

WHEN WE READ THE FOUR PARSHIYOS

(a)

(Rav): When Purim falls on Friday, we read Parshas Zachor the previous Shabbos;

(b)

(Shmuel): We read it the following day.

1.

Rav says that we read early, because the Zechirah (remembrance) should precede the Asiyah (the meal and Yom Tov).

2.

Shmuel says that since walled cities celebrate the 15th (the next day), this is considered Zechirah and Asiyah coming together.

(c)

Question (Mishnah): (If Rosh Chodesh is on Shabbos,) we read Parshas Zachor the second (Shabbos).

1.

When Rosh Chodesh is Shabbos, Purim (the 14th) is on Friday!

(d)

Answer (Rav Papa): (This refers to the Seifa, when Rosh Chodesh is during the week.) It means the second Shabbos from the Shabbos we skipped. (Ritva - we could have asked why the Mishnah says that we read Parah on the third Shabbos, and we would have to answer even according to Rav that it means the third Shabbos from the Shabbos we skipped.)

(e)

Question (Beraisa): The second Shabbos (of a special Parshah) is whichever Purim falls b'Sochah (in it), even Friday.

1.

Whether Purim is in the week or on Friday, we read Zachor the Shabbos before!

(f)

Answer: No, Friday is the same as when it is Bah (on Shabbos, we do not read before it).

1.

Tana d'Vei Shmuel taught a Beraisa which explicitly says Bah.

(g)

(Rav Huna): If Purim falls on Shabbos, all agree that we read on Purim;

(h)

(Rav Nachman): Rav would argue even then (and say that we read the previous Shabbos).

1.

(R. Chiya bar Aba): Rav said so explicitly.

(i)

(Mishnah): The third (special Parshah) is Parah Adumah.

(j)

(Beraisa): The third Shabbos (with a special Parshah) is the Shabbos after Purim.

(k)

(R. Chama b'R. Chanina): It is the Shabbos before Rosh Chodesh Nisan.

(l)

They do not argue. R. Chama discusses when Rosh Chodesh Nisan is on Shabbos (we read Parshas ha'Chodesh that same day, and Parah the previous Shabbos), and the Beraisa discusses when Rosh Chodesh is any other day.

(m)

(Mishnah): The fourth Shabbos we read "ha'Chodesh ha'Zeh Lachem".

(n)

(Beraisa): When Rosh Chodesh Adar falls on Shabbos, we read Ki Sisa, and Yehoyada ha'Kohen is the Haftorah.

(o)

The first Shabbos is the one that Rosh Chodesh Adar falls in, even if it falls on Friday.

1.

On the second Shabbos, we read Parshas Zachor and the Haftorah is "Pokadti". The second Shabbos is the one that Purim falls in, even if it falls on Friday.

2.

The third Shabbos we read Parshas Parah Adumah. The Haftorah is "V'Zarakti Aleichem". The third Shabbos is the one after Purim.

3.

The fourth Shabbos we read "ha'Chodesh ha'Zeh", and the Haftorah is "Ko Amar Hash-m."

30b----------------------------------------30b

4.

The fourth Shabbos is the one that Rosh Chodesh Nisan falls in, even if it falls on Friday.

3)

(a)

(b)

(R. Ami): We return to the normal order of Torah portions (during the four Parshiyos we skipped reading the normal weekly Parshah).

(c)

(d)

Support (for R. Ami - Abaye - Mishnah): We interrupt... for Ta'aneisim and Ma'amados...

1.

These are on weekdays, on which we normally read from the Torah (on Mondays and Thursdays), but there is no regular Haftorah!

(e)

Rejection: R. Yirmeyah explains that regarding those, we return to the Torah portion.

(f)

Question: Why do we interrupt on Ta'aneisim? We should read the normal Parshah in the morning, and the Parshah for Ta'aneisim in the afternoon!

(g)

Answer: This supports Rav Huna, who said that we congregate in the morning on Ta'aneisim (so there is no time to read the Torah).

1.

(Abaye): Until midday, we investigate the matters of the city. The third quarter of the day we read the Torah and Haftorah. The last quarter, we request mercy. We learn from "Va'Yikre'u ba'Sefer Toras Hash-m Elokeihem Revi'is ha'Yom u'Revi'is Misvadim u'Mishtachavim."

(h)

Question: Perhaps we read and pray in the first half of the day, and in second half we congregate!

(i)

Answer: It says "At the end of the day ... (I spread my hands to Hash-m)".

(j)

(Mishnah): We read the following Parshiyos at the following times:

1.

On (the first day of) Pesach, Parshas Mo'adim in Vayikra; on Shavu'os, "Sheva Shavu'os"; on Rosh Hashanah, "Ba'Chodesh ha'Shevi'i"; on Yom Kipur, "Acharei Mos"; on the first day of Sukos, Parshas Mo'adim in Vayikra; on the other days of Sukos, the Korbanos of Sukos; on Chanukah, Chanukas ha'Mishkan; on Purim, "Va'Yavo Amalek"; on Rosh Chodesh, "b'Roshei Chodsheichem"; on Ma'amados, Ma'ase Bereishis; on Ta'aneisim, Berachos and Klalos.