[30a - 47 lines; 30b - 22 lines]

1)[line 25]מסרגין לשבתותMESARGIN L'SHABBASOS- we alternate Shabbosos

2)[last line]"כה אמר ה' אלקים בראשון באחד לחדש""KOH AMAR HASH-M ELOKIM: BA'RISHON B'ECHAD LA'CHODESH" - "So says HaSh-m: On the first of the first month [you shall take a bull from the herd as a Chatas, and you shall purify the Mikdash.]" (Yechezkel 45:18) (INAUGURATING THE SECOND BEIS HA'MIKDASH)

(a)The bull referred to here is synonymous with the bull mentioned earlier (43:19). The verse there refers to the inauguration of the second Beis ha'Mikdash, on which occasion this bull is offered. This verse teaches that the inauguration occurred on Rosh Chodesh Nisan, and that the Kohen sprinkled the blood of the bull, a sin-offering, on the doorposts of the Heichal, on the four corners of the top of the Mizbe'ach (or on the four corners of the Azarah that is nearest to the Mizbe'ach), and on the doorpost of the gate leading to the Ezras Yisrael.

(b)The verse adds that the inauguration ceremony lasted for seven days (like that of Aharon in the Midbar). However, on the subsequent six days, it was not a bull that was brought as a sin-offering, but a goat. In addition, a burnt-offering comprised of a bull and ram was offered (Metzudas David).


3)[line 7]ולמעמדותMA'AMADOS

(a)The Mishnah in Ta'anis 26a states that the early prophets divided Bnei Yisrael into twenty-four groups, or Ma'amados. Each Ma'amad consisted of Kohanim, Leviyim and Yisraelim, and it was their duty to make sure that the Korbanos were sacrificed properly. The Ma'amados worked in a rotation and took responsibility for the Korbanos of one week, twice each year.

(b)When each Ma'amad's turn arrived, the Kohanim and Leviyim would travel to the Beis ha'Mikdash to do the divine service. Some of the Yisraelim traveled to Yerushalayim, also, but most of them stayed in their own cities. It was the job of the Yisraelim to pray that the week's Korbanos should be accepted by HaSh-m. They gathered together to fast, read special portions of the Torah and recite the special Shemoneh Esreh of Ta'aniyos (see Background to Shabbos 24:1).

4)[line 12]מצפרא כינופיאMI'TZAFRA KINUFYA- the assembly of the people is from the morning