1)

WHO KEEPS THE BALA'OS?

(a)

Version #2 (Ameimar, Mar Zutra, and Rav Ashi): One who rebels does not forfeit the Bala'os of property that she had brought into the marriage.

(b)

Objection (Rav Gamda): Do you pervert the ruling against Rav Zvid because he is a great Chacham (and out of humility he will not protest)?!

1.

(Rav Kahana): Rava never resolved whether or not she forfeits the Bala'os.

2.

Therefore, we do not take from her what she seized. We do not give to her what she did not seize!

(c)

She waits 12 months before he gives to her a Get. During this time, he does not feed her.

2)

A SHOMERES YAVAM WHO REBELLED

(a)

(Shmuel): We write a document of rebellion against an Arusah, but not against a Shomeres Yavam.

(b)

Question (Beraisa): (The law of rebellion applies) whether she is Arusah or Nesu'ah, even if she is Nidah, sick, or a Shomeres Yavam.

(c)

Answer #1: When the Yavam demands to do Yibum, we write. When she demands, we do not write;

1.

Shmuel discusses when she demands.

(d)

Objection: If so, Shmuel should have said that we write for an Arusah, (but not for a Shomeres Yavam)!

(e)

Answer: Perhaps that is indeed what Shmuel said.

(f)

Objection: Presumably, we don't write for a Shomeres Yavam because she is not commanded to have children. The same applies to an Arusah!

(g)

Answer: We write for an Arusah who wants children to uphold her in her old age and to bury her when she dies.

(h)

Objection: A Yevamah can also claim this!

(i)

Answer #2: In both cases the Yavam demands. In the Beraisa, he demands to do Chalitzah (and she wants to do Yibum). Shmuel discusses a Yavam who demands to do Yibum (and she wants to do Chalitzah).

(j)

This is like R. Pedas, who says that we accept a demand to do Chalitzah (and write an Igeres Mered against her), but not a demand to do Yibum.

(k)

Question: Why do we distinguish?

1.

When he demands to do Yibum, we tell him to marry someone else. We should say the same when he demands to do Chalitzah!

(l)

Answer: He can say that people will not give to me (their daughters to marry) as long as I have a Shomeres Yavam.

(m)

Objection: He can say this also when he demands Yibum! (Tosfos - he does not want to do Chalitzah, for then she collects her Kesuvah from his brother's property. Alternatively, she does not want to do Yibum or Chalitzah.)

(n)

Answer #3: In both cases, he demands to do Yibum. The Beraisa is like the initial Mishnah, and Shmuel is like the latter version:

1.

(Mishnah): At first, when people intended for the Mitzvah of Yibum, this was preferable to Chalitzah. Nowadays that people do not intend for the Mitzvah, Chachamim say that Chalitzah is preferred.

3)

HOW MUCH WE REDUCE OR ADD TO THE KESUVAH

(a)

(Mishnah - R. Yehudah): We deduct seven Tarpa'ikin every week.

(b)

Question: How much is a Tarpa'ika?

(c)

Answer (Rav Sheshes): It is one Istira.

(d)

Question: How much is an Istira?

(e)

Answer: It is half a Zuz.

1.

(Beraisa - R. Yehudah): Three Tarpa'ikin are nine Ma'in. This is one and a half Ma'in per day.

(f)

Question (R. Chiya bar Yosef): When she rebels, we deduct from her Kesuvah corresponding to all seven days of the week, including Shabbos. When he rebels, why do we add to her Kesuvah only for six weekdays, but not for Shabbos?

(g)

Answer (Shmuel): When we subtract from her Kesuvah it does not look like wages, so we subtract even for Shabbos. Adding to her Kesuvah looks like wages, so we do not do so for Shabbos.

64b----------------------------------------64b

(h)

Question (R. Chiya bar Yosef): Why is a wife who rebels punished more than a husband who rebels?

(i)

Answer #1 (Shmuel): We find that men hire women for harlotry (and not vice-versa, for men desire Bi'ah more).

(j)

Answer #2 (Shmuel): No one sees a woman's desire. A man's desire is perceptible (an erection, which is disgraceful).

4)

MINIMAL RATIONS ONE MUST SUPPLY TO HIS WIFE

(a)

(Mishnah): One who feeds his wife through an intermediary must supply at least this much every week:

1.

Two Kabim of wheat, or four Kabim of barley;

2.

R. Yosi says, only R. Yishmael allots barley, for he lived close to Edom.

3.

A half Kav of Kitnis (pulse, a kind of legume) and half a Log of oil;

4.

A Kav of dried figs, or a Maneh of pressed figs;

i.

If he cannot give these, he gives other fruits.

(b)

He provides her with a bed, mat and mattress;

(c)

He gives to her a kerchief for her head and a belt. He gives to her shoes every festival;

(d)

He gives to her clothing worth 50 Zuz each year. He does not give new clothing in summer, nor worn clothing in winter. Rather, he gives 50 Zuz worth of new clothing in winter, and she wears the remnants in summer, and the remnants are hers;

(e)

He gives to her a silver Ma'ah each week for her needs;

(f)

She eats with him every Shabbos night;

(g)

If he does not give to her a Ma'ah each week, she keeps her (excess) earnings;

(h)

Each week, she must spin Shesi (lengthwise) threads (of wool) weighing five Sela'im of Yehudah, which equals 10 Sela'im of Galil;

1.

Alternatively, she can spin 10 Yehudah-Sela'im of Arev (widthwise) threads, which equals 20 Galil-Sela'im.

(i)

If she was nursing, her workload is reduced and her rations are increased;

(j)

This all applies to the poorest man in Yisrael. Each man must increase according to his standing.

(k)

(Gemara) Question: The Mishnah is unlike R. Yochanan ben Berokah, and unlike R. Shimon!

1.

(Mishnah) Question: How much bread is two meals (for Eruv Techumim)?

2.

Answer #1 (R. Meir): It is the amount one eats in two weekday meals;

3.

Answer #2 (R. Yehudah): It is based on two Shabbos meals.

i.

Both intend to be lenient. (R. Meir holds that on Shabbos one eats more bread to accompany the other foods. R. Yehudah holds that on Shabbos one eats less bread for he is satiated by the other foods.)

4.

Answer #3 (R. Yochanan ben Berokah): It is a loaf bought for a Pundiyon (a 12th of a Dinar) when four Sa'in of wheat cost a Sela (four Dinarim);

5.

Answer #4 (R. Shimon): It is two thirds of a loaf of a third of a Kav.

6.

Half of this loaf (R. Yochanan and R. Shimon argue about its size) is the size of a meal regarding a house with Tzara'as (if one stays in the house long enough to eat this much, the clothes he is wearing become Tamei);

7.

If one eats a quarter of this amount of Tamei food, he is disqualified from eating Terumah (until he immerses);

8.

An eighth of this amount is the Shi'ur for Tum'as Ochlim. (Rishonim argue about whether this is the Shi'ur to receive Tum'ah mid'Oraisa, to be Metamei other food, or for food to receive Hechsher to become Tamei.)

9.

Summation of question: Our Mishnah is unlike R. Yochanan ben Berokah. He says that half a Kav suffices for two meals, so two Kabim are only eight meals. (She must eat 14 meals per week!)

i.

Our Mishnah is unlike R. Shimon. He holds that two ninths of a Kav is two meals, so two Kabim are 18 meals!

(l)

Answer #1: Our Mishnah is like R. Yochanan ben Berokah. Our calculation was imprecise, because bread costs more than the wheat it is made from!

1.

(Rav Chisda): A third of the price of bread is the grocer's profit.

2.

Question: (If so, a third of Kav makes two meals.) Still, two Kabim are only 12 meals!

3.

Answer: She eats with him on Shabbos night from his food.

4.

Objection #1: This is like the opinion that 'eats' is literal. It does not answer for the opinion that it is a euphemism for Bi'ah!

5.

Objection #2: Even according to the former opinion, this accounts for only 13 meals!

6.

Retraction: Rather, we rely on the teaching of Rav Chisda that says that half the price of bread is the grocer's mark-up.

7.

Question: Rav Chisda contradicts himself!

8.

Answer: When the grocer supplies the firewood, the mark-up is a half. When the buyer gives the wood, the mark-up is a third. (Rashba - her husband supplies her with firewood. The Mishnah mentions only the quantities of food he must give.)

(m)

Question: (If so, a quarter Kav of wheat makes two meals). Two Kabim are 16 meals! (This is more than she needs each week.)

(n)

Answer #1: Our Mishnah is like R. Chidka, who obligates eating four meals on Shabbos.

(o)

Answer 2: Our Mishnah can be like Chachamim (who obligate eating only three meals on Shabbos). The extra meal is for guests.

(p)

Answer #2 (to Question (k)): Based on this, we can even say that our Mishnah is like R. Shimon. The extra meals are for guests!

(q)

(Mishnah - R. Yosi): Only R. Yishmael allots barley...

(r)

Question: Is Edom the only place where people eat barley?!

(s)

Answer: R Yosi says that only R. Yishmael allots twice as much barley as wheat, since barley of Edom is bad.

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