[57a - 41 lines; 57b - 41 lines]

1)[line 8]סביב דקרנותSAVIV D'KERANOS - encircling the city (but only) in the corners

```              -------------------
|  |  |  |  |  |  |
-------------------
|  |//|  |  |//|  |
-------------------
|  |  |     |  |  |
-------city -------
|  |  |     |  |  |
-------------------
|  |//|  |  |//|  |
-------------------
|  |  |  |  |  |  |
-------------------
```

2)[line 13]מורשא דקרנתאMURSHA D'KARNASA- the projection of the corners (which we give the city when establishing its boundaries)

3)[line 14]במתא עיגולתאMASA IGULTA- a round city

4)[line 19]נכי תילתאNAKI TILTA- less a third of an Amah

5)[line 19]בעיגולא מגו רבועB'IGULA MIGO RIBU'A- in reference to a circle which is inscribed in a square

6)[line 20]באלכסונאB'ALACHSONA- when the radius of a circle is extended by the diagonal of the square we added

7)[line 21]כל אמתא בריבוע אמתא ותרי חומשי באלכסונאKOL AMSA B'RIBU'A, AMSA U'TREI CHUMSHEI B'ALACHSONA- for every Amah along each side of a square the diagonal increases by an one and two-fifths of an Amah

8)[line 22]נותנין קרפף לעירNOSNIN KARPAF L'IR- we give an area of 70 Amos and 4 Tefachim as an extension for the city before we start to measure the Techum

9)[line 24]שבעים אמה ושירייםSHIV'IM AMAH V'SHIRAYIM- 70 Amah and 4 Tefachim

10)[line 27]המשולשיןHA'MESHULASHIN- lit. tripled, i.e. that are all in one row; the Gemara explains its meaning since they are not actually in one row

57b----------------------------------------57b

11)[line 5]דדחיקא תשמישתייהוD'DECHIKA TASHMISTAIHU- the use of the space outside of the cities would be very cramped

12)[line 30]ליכא למימר מליLEIKA L'MEIMAR MALEI- you cannot say "fill up the vacant area"

13)[line 31]בני אקיסטפוןBENEI AKISTEFON- the people of Ctesphon, a town on the Eastern bank of the Tigris. This is identical with Resen, which is mentioned in Bereishis 10:12 (Yoma 10a). (However, according to the Targum Yerushalmi and the Midrash, Akistefon is Kalneh, which is mentioned in Bereishis 10:10.)

14)[line 33]דארדשירARDESHIR- also known as Ardjir, formerly Seleucia, a city on the Tigris River near Babylon and Ctesiphon, the ancient capital of the Seleucids, a member of the Alexandrian dynasty in Syria and western Asia, founded by Seleucius I, one of the generals of Alexander the Great.

15)[line 35]דגלתDIGLAS- the Tigris River

16)[line 36]אחוי ליהACHAVEI LEI- he pointed out to him

17)[line 36]אטמהתא דשוראATMEHASA D'SHURA- the foundations (lit. thighs) of the wall of the city

18)[line 37]דמבלעי בדגלתD'MIVL'EI BA'DIGLAS- that were located in the Tigris River