[10a - 37 lines; 10b - 44 lines]

1)[line 1]שני פסיןSHNEI PASIN- two remaining segments of the wall of the Chatzer, on either end of the breach

2)[line 25]פסי ביראותPASEI BIRA'OS

(a)Chazal instituted various lenient rulings in order to help Jews keep the Mitzvah of Aliyah l'Regel (traveling to the Beis ha'Mikdash for the holidays of Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos). One of these is called Pasei Bira'os (planks for the springs).

(b)If a well is four by four Tefachim wide and ten Tefachim deep, it is considered to be a Reshus ha'Yachid. If it is located in the middle of Reshus ha'Rabim, one may not draw water from the well (a Reshus ha'Yachid) and set the bucket down at the edge of the pit (a Reshus ha'Rabim) for an animal to drink. A person may only drink from the well by climbing into the well, and drinking its water while in the well.

(c)By placing four corner pieces (Deyomdin) around the well (each made of two planks one Amah wide and ten Tefachim tall, set perpendicular to each other), the area enclosed by the planks is considered to be a 4-walled Reshus ha'Yachid and the open space between them is considered a "doorway" in a full wall. It is therefore permitted for a person to set a bucket of water drawn from the well at a point enclosed by the planks, and bring his animal (or most of it) within that area to drink from the water.

(d)The corner pieces were placed 10 Amos apart according to Rebbi Meir and 13 1/3 Amos apart according to Rebbi Yehudah. To enclose an area larger than 10 or 13 1/3 Amos, extra planks must be added between the corner pieces to shorten the gaps between them.

3)[line 25]פרוץ מרובה על העומדPARUTZ MERUBAH AL HA'OMED- the space between the boards is greater than the width of the boards themselves

4)[line 28]היא הנותנתHI HA'NOSENES- for that very reason it should be permitted for a Mavoy to be wider than 13 1/3 Amos

5)[line 31]אקילת בהו חד קולאAKILAS BEHU CHAD KULA- the Chachamim have already conferred one leniency upon it

6)[line 31]כלל כלל לאKLAL KLAL LO- with regard to a Mavoy, the Chachamim should not be lenient at all, and there is no proof that the entrance should be allowed to be wider than ten Amos


7)[line 9]דאתי אוירא דהאי גיסא ואוירא דהאי גיסא ומבטל ליהASI AVIRA D'HAI GISA V'AVIRA D'HAI GISA U'MEVATEL LEI

(a)Certain gaps in a Mechitzah (enclosing wall) can render a Mechitzah invalid for creating a Reshus ha'Yachid or for acting as the Mechitzah of a Mavoy (for instance, if there are more 3-Tefach-plus gaps than solid Mechitzah, or if there are gaps in the Mechitzah which are larger than 10 Amos). Planks or other solid objects must be used to fill in the gaps (in the above examples, until the gaps comprise less than half of the stretch of the Mechitzah, or until the 10+ Amah gap is shortened to 10 or less Amos). However, these "filler" objects are valid only if the gap to either side of the filler object (if there is one) is narrower than the object itself. If the gaps on either side of the filler are equal to or larger than the filler, the filler is ignored because of "Asi Avira d'Hai Gisa v'Avira d'Hai Gisa u'Mevatel Lei" ("the empty space on either side of the filler negates the filled space in between them").

(b)If the space on either side of the filler is less than three Tefachim, it is viewed as solid due to the rule of Lavud (see above, Background to Eruvin 9:1), and it cannot negate the filler object.

8)[line 20]קא ממעט בהילוכאKA MEMA'ET B'HILUCHA- they shorten their way [by walking through an opening on a different side of the Mavoy]

9)[line 22]העסלאHA'ASALA- a portable toilet seat

10)[line 29]מי פליגיתו?MI PALGISU?- do you argue with Ravin?

11a)[line 29]רברבתאRAVREVASA- large [digits] (i.e., thumb-breadths, of which there are four in a Tefach)

b)[line 30]זוטרתאZUTRESA- small [digits] (i.e., pinky finger-breadths, of which there are six in a Tefach)

12)[line 30]לאיי, פליגיתוLE'AYEI, PELIGISU- indeed, you argue

13)[line 37]ואלא מאי, פליגינן?V'ELA MAI, PELIGINAN?- If it is as you say, that we do argue with regard to Omed Meubah Al ha'Parutz mi'Shtei Ruchos, [then the following is difficult]

14)[line 40]אי איכא למימר דפלגינןIY IKA L'MEIMAR D'PALGINAN- if it is possible to say that we argue, [then we argue with regard to Parutz k'Omed.] (Both Rav Dimi and Ravin were quoting what they heard from Rebbi Yochanan. Ravin was of the opinion that Rebbi Yochanan simply wasn't careful with his wording, and both statements are in agreement. However, he tells Abaye that if you want to suggest that the statement are indeed contradictory, and either I or Rav Dimi made a mistake, then the reasoning behind the two approaches is as follows.... RITVA)

15)[last line]אמלתראAMALTERA- cornice, a horizontal strip of stone, wood or plaster crowning a building or entrance, usually molded and projecting