ERUVIN 11 (30 Av) - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Esther Chaya Rayzel (Friedman) bas Gershon Eliezer on the day of her Yahrzeit by her son-in-law, Eli Turkel of Raanana, Israel. Esther Friedman was a woman of valor who was devoted to her family and gave of herself unstintingly, inspiring all those around her.

[11a - 43 lines; 11b - 46 lines]

1)[line 18]פסי ביראותPASEI BIRA'OS

(a)Chazal instituted various lenient rulings in order to help Jews keep the Mitzvah of Aliyah l'Regel (traveling to the Beis ha'Mikdash for the holidays of Pesach, Shavuos and Sukos). One of these is called Pasei Bira'os (planks for the springs).

(b)If a well is four by four Tefachim wide and ten Tefachim deep, it is considered to be a Reshus ha'Yachid. If it is located in middle of Reshus ha'Rabim, one may not draw water from the well (a Reshus ha'Yachid) and set the bucket down at the edge of the pit (a Reshus ha'Rabim) for an animal to drink. One may only drink from the well by climbing into the well, and drinking its water while in the well.

(c)By placing four corner pieces around the well (each made of two planks one Amah wide and ten Tefachim tall, set perpendicular to each other), the area enclosed by the planks is considered to be a 4-walled Reshus ha'Yachid and the open space between them is considered a "doorway" in a full wall. It is therefore permitted for a person to set a bucket of water drawn from the well at a point enclosed by the planks, and bring his animal (or most of it) within that area to drink from the water.

(d)The corner pieces were placed 10 Amos apart according to Rebbi Meir and 13 1/3 Amos apart according to Rebbi Yehudah. To enclose an area larger than 10 or 13 1/3 Amos, extra planks must be added between the corner pieces to shorten the gaps between them.

2)[line 25]פיתחי שימאיPISCHEI SHIMA'EI- (a) desolate entryways (Shomemim) (RASHI); (b) ruined entryways, i.e. lacking the necessary components (RASHI); (c) the entryways of Eretz Yisrael, which is called the land of the sons of Shem (RABEINU CHANANEL)

3)[line 27]שקפיSHAKAFEI- posts. Stones are missing from the walls at the sides of the entryway to the extent that the door-posts do not form a straight vertical line

4)[line 28]תיקרהTIKRAH- (lit. ceiling) lintel

5)[line 30]מבקעת בית חורתןMI'BIK'AS BEIS CHAVARTAN- in the valley of Beis Chavartan; this is probably referring to Chavran or Auran, one of the mountains where a fire was lit signaling Rosh Chodesh (Rosh Hashanah 22b), located in the country east of the Jordan River named Aurantis

6)[line 30]קונדיסיןKUNDISIN- poles

7)[line 31]מתח זמורהMATACH ZEMORAH- stretched a vine


8)[line 1]פיאהPEI'AH- braided vines which are strung between poles (at the top) to form a Tzuras ha'Pesach (see Background to Eruvin 6:8)

9)[line 14]קנין הדוקרניןKANIN HA'DOKRANIN- sharpened poles [that have been driven into the ground]

10)[line 18]קשיןKASHIN- straw

11)[line 19]היכר צירHEIKER TZIR- an indication of a hinge-pin

12)[line 19]אבקתאAVAKSA- a socket for the door hinge-pin

13)[line 21]לא אמר ולא כלוםLO AMAR V'LO KLUM- he did not have any requirements for Tzuras ha'Pesach. (That is, (a) he did not add any requirements to the above-mentioned ones; or (b) he disagreed with one or all of the three above-mentioned requirements (1. It cannot be Min ha'Tzad; 2. It must be strong enough for hanging a door; 3. It must have a hinge-hole). See Insights.

14)[line 24]שמעיהSHAM'EI- his attendant

15)[line 24]שלוף שדינהוSHLOF SHADINHU- pull apart the Tzuras ha'Pesach that Rav Nachman made (where the horizontal piece did not touch the side-posts) and throw it down

16)[line 25]חבשוהוCHAVSHUHU- they locked him up

17a)[line 25]גדא, פוק תא!GADA, PUK TA!- [Rav] Gada, come out!

b)[line 26]נפק ואתאNAFAK V'ASA- [they gave him permission and] he went out to him (RABEINU CHANANEL)

18)[line 27]כיפהKIPAH- an archway

19)[line 30]לחוקLA'CHUK- to [hypothetically] excavate

20)[line 31]חוקקין להשליםCHOKEKIN L'HASHLIM

(a)Chokekin l'Hashlim (excavating to complete [a required measurement]) is a Halachic device by which a small space may be judged to be larger if there is sufficient volume in the surrounding walls to provide the extra size.

(b)For example, the Gemara records an argument between Rebbi Meir and Chachamim as to whether we apply Chokekin l'Hashlim in a situation where an archway's opening is too small to require a Mezuzah (i.e., it is not four Tefachim wide for a height of ten Tefachim), but the walls surrounding the archway are thick. If they are thick enough that if they would be excavated, the doorway could be made four Tefachim wide for a height of ten Tefachim, Rebbi Meir asserts that the doorway must have a Mezuzah.

(c)Chokekin l'Hashlim is applied only to part of an opening, not to the entire opening. For example, in the above situation Rebbi Meir applies Chokekin l'Hashlim only when the lower three Tefachim of the doorway are already four Tefachim wide, but the before it reaches a height of ten Tefachim the doorway gets narrower. Chokekin can complete the doorway by making the top as if it, too, were four Tefachim wide, although it really is less than that.

21)[line 34]לחייןLECHAYAYIN- two poles or planks, one on either side of the opening