ERUVIN 3 (22 Av) - Dedicated in memory of Frumet bas Meier (born Ehrman) of Kiel, Germany and New York, by her nephew, Ze'ev Rosenbaum.

[3a - 51 lines; 3b - 36 lines]

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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos.

[1] Daf 3a, Rashi DH Kinei ד"ה קיני:

The word "mi'Tachas" מתחת

should be "mi'Chomas" מחומת


1)[line 1]אמלתראAMALTERA- cornice, a horizontal strip of stone, wood or plaster crowning a building or entrance, usually molded and projecting

2)[line 3]מילהMILAH- a species of oak from which gall-nuts are collected (O.F. gales - (a) an abnormal growth caused by insects; or (b) the acorns), which are used as a tanning material

3)[line 5]דילמא כי תניאDILMA KI TANYA- (Dilma here means more than just "perhaps." The Mishnah certainly is referring to the door of the Ulam.)

4)[line 7]דילמא תבנית היכל כתבנית אולםDILMA TAVNIS HEICHAL K'TAVNIS ULAM- (a) perhaps the shape/design of the Heichal was similar to that of the Ulam; (b) the shape/design of the Heichal was definitely similar to that of the Ulam (RITVA, RASHASH)

5)[line 8]רחבה ד'RECHAVAH ARBA'AH- the Korah must be four Tefachim wide

6)[line 9]בריאהBERI'AH- sturdy enough to hold an Ari'ach (half of a 3-Tefach-wide brick)

7)[line 11]אמלתרא מתניתא היאAMALTERA MASNISA HI- that is, it was not Rav who permitted a 20-plus Amah high Korah with an Amaltera. It was a Beraisa that permitted it, and someone mistakenly said it over in Rav's name.

8)[line 25]לא שלטא ביה עינאLO SHALTA BEI EINA- (lit. that the eye cannot reach) it is above the peripheral vision

9)[line 34]קיניKINEI- decorations that resemble birds' nests

10)[line 34]פסקי דארזאPISKEI D'ARZA- strips of cedar wood

11)[line 36]נפיש משכיהNAFISH MASHCHEI- they are very long

12)[line 40]אמרינן קלושAMRINAN KALUSH- we Halachically consider it as if it is thin (and therefore within 20 Amos)

13)[line 40]חמתה מרובה מצילתהCHAMASAH MERUBAH MI'TZILASAH- the amount of sunlight that enters the Sukah is greater than the amount of shade from the Sechach (which invalidates a Sukah)

14)[line 41]כשפודיןSHEPUDIN- spits

15)[line 43]מדכרי אהדדיMADKEREI AHADADEI- they remind one another

16a)[line 50]קדרא דבי שותפיKIDRA D'VEI SHUTFEI- a pot that belongs to partners

b)[line 50]לא חמימא ולא קריראLO CHAMIMA V'LO KERIRA- is neither hot nor cold


17)[line 9]חללה עשרהCHALALAH ASARAH- the space beneath the Korah must measure ten Tefachim

18)[line 11]כלאיםKIL'AYIM (KIL'EI HA'KEREM)

(a)It is forbidden to plant different types of crops in a vineyard as it states in the Torah, "Lo Sizra Karmecha Kil'ayim, Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah ha'Zera Asher Tizra u'Sevu'as ha'Karem" - "You shall not sow your vineyard with other species, lest the fruit of the seed which you have sown, and the fruit of the vineyard, be forfeited" (Devarim 22:9). If one sows Kil'ayim, the produce becomes prohibited ("Kidesh," from the word in the verse, "Tikdash").

(b)The Mishnayos in Maseches Kil'ayim specify the distance that one must leave in between different crops.

(c)Rebbi Yoshiya rules that the prohibition of Kil'ei ha'Kerem forbids only the planting of wheat, barley, and grape seed at the same time (with one throw of the hand). TOSFOS (Kidushin 39a DH ha'Hu) suggests as his source that the words "Karmecha Kil'ayim" indicate that there was a mixture of crops (wheat and barley) planted at the same time that the vineyard was planted. (According to Tosfos to Bechoros 54a DH Dagan, Rebbi Yoshiya is only discussing Kil'ei ha'Kerem. He agrees that if one plants wheat and barley together one transgresses the prohibition of Kil'ei Zera'im, as the Torah states, "Sadecha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim" - "Do not plant different species (together) in your field" (Vayikra 19:19).)

19)[line 12]פירצת מבויPIRTZAS MAVOY- a breach larger than ten Amos in the wall of a Mavoy which renders the Mavoy unfit for carrying

20)[line 13]משך מבויMESHECH MAVOY- the minimum length of a Mavoy

21)[line 24]קרחת הכרםKARACHAS HA'KEREM - The Baldspot of a Vineyard

When grapevines in the middle of a vineyard die or are uprooted, Beis Shamai and Beis Hilel disagree as to the amount of space that must be exposed in order to permit planting a different crop in the "baldspot."

22)[line 24]מחול הכרםMACHOL HA'KEREM - The Perimeter of a Vineyard

When grapevines at the perimeter of a vineyard die or are uprooted, Beis Shamai and Beis Hilel disagree as to the amount of space that must be exposed in order to permit planting a different crop in the barren space.

23)[line 32]רצופים בארבע אמותRETZUFIM B'ARBA AMOS- when the rows of vines are within four Amos of each other

24a)[last line]שוחקותSOCHAKOS- Amos made up of wide (lit. laughing) handbreadths, i.e. with the fingers not touching each other

b)[last line]עצבותATZEIVOS- Amos made up of narrow (lit. sorrowful) handbreadths, i.e. with the fingers touching each other