What are the implications of "Ki Esa el Shamayim Yadi"?
Ramban #1: 'I will raise My Hand to swear by My Throne!' 5
Ramban #2 (According to Kabalah): It refers to Hashem's Right Hand - the 'Yad ha'Gedolah' 6 that fights on behalf of Yisrael, 7 and which 'I cast down from Heaven to earth at the time of the Galus ... ".
Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim: I swear with My hand to take vengeance on them.
Targum Yonasan: "For I raise My Hand in an oath to the heaven'.
See Sifsei Chachamim.
Rashi: Even if the weaker rival is on high ground, the stronger rival, who is on lower ground, is afraid of him, how much more so will a weaker rival below fear a stronger rival above!
Ramban: Because whoever swears, raises his hand and touches the object on which he is swearing.
Ramban: Which is synonymous with 'Tif'eres Yisrael'.
What are the implications of "Chai Anochi Le'olam"?
Rashi #2 (on Pasuk 43, according to R. Nechemyah): refer to 32:40:1:2*. 'I could have punished you there and then; However, since I live forever, I was in no hurry to do so - I can punish in your lifetimes, or after death. 3
Targum Yonasan: 'Just as I exist, so will I not negate My oath forever!'
Da'as Zekenim, Rosh: [Also] this is an expression of a Shevu'ah