hebrew
1)

What are the connotations of "Re'u Atah ki Ani Ani Hu ve'Ein Elokim Imadi ... !"

1.

Rashi (on Pasuk 43, according to R. Nechemyah): Then Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu will reveal His salvation and declare (to the nations) - 'See now that I am He; from Me there emerged the evil (on Yisrael) and from Me will come the salvation! ... and there is no-one who will save you from the evil that I will bring upon you!'

2.

Ramban: Refer to 32:38:2:1*. In order to counter that, Hashem announces that He is alone and there is no god with Him to assist Him; nor is there anyone to save from His Hand or to prevent Him from doing as He wishes. 1

3.

Rashbam: 'It is in answer to the enemy's question 2 'Where is your G-d ...?'

4.

Seforno: 'See now that I am the One who punished Yisrael - it was not the work of the celestial ministers or the hosts of the Heaven'.

5.

Targum Yonasan: In answer to the enemy's question, the Torah writes that when Hashem will come to redeem His people, He will say to all the nations 'See now, that I am the One that was, the One that is and the One that will be, and there is no G-d besides Me!'

6.

Hadar Zekenim, Rosh: You (the nations) put Me ("Ei Elokeimo") together with other gods ("Yakumu v'Ya'azruchem"). Know that I am alone!

7.

Riva: The enemy said "Yakumu v'Ya'azruchem" (plural). Know that I am alone!

8.

Kol Eliyahu: Megaleh Amukos says that there are 955 Reki'im, like the number of verses in Sefer Devarim. Angels are in the lower 900, but "Hen la'Shem Elokecha ha'Shamayim" (10:14)


1

This is also how Rashi will explain the Pasuk according to R. Yehudah.

2

Refer to 32:37:1:2.

2)

Why does Hashem repeat the word "Ani"?

1.

Rashi: 'I bring down and I raise'.

2.

Ibn Ezra: To teach us that He is the same G-d who killed Yisrael and He is the One who will bring them back to life. 1

3.

Ba'al ha'Turim: The three times "Ani" in the Pasuk represent the three exiles, 2 and the "va'Ani", Galus Edom, about which the Pasuk writes in Yechezkel, 1:1 "va'Ani b'Soch ha'Golah". 3

4.

Riva citing R"M of Kutzi: The first Ani refers to "I killed, and I will return to life." The second refers to "I smote, and I will heal."


1

See Ibn Ezra.

2

Bavel, Madai and Yavan.

3

Ba'al ha'Turim: To teach us that Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu is there to rescue us in all the exiles.

3)

What are the implications of "Ani Amis Va'achayeh, Machatzti va'Ani Erpa"?

1.

Ramban: No one can stop Me from doing what I want - to kill or return to life, to wound or to heal!'

2.

Seforno: 'I kill and bring back to life, 1 I smote (Yisrael) with 'Na va'Nad' 2 (a vagrant and a wanderer) 3 and I will heal them. 4

3.

Targum Yonasan: 'I smote My nation and I will heal them at the end of days and there is nobody to save Gog and his camp from My Hand when he comes to fight with Yisrael!' 5

4.

Hadar Zekenim: If I killed [Yisrael], I will bring them back to life. If I smote [Yisrael], I will heal them. However, you (the other nations)


1

Seforno: As in Yechezkel, 36:12.

3

Seforno: As the Pasuk states in Melachim 1, 14:15.

4

Seforno: As the Navi states in Yeshayah, 30:26.

5

See Ba'al ha'Turim.

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