What are the connotations of "Im Shanosi B'rak Charbi"?
Rashi and Targum Yonasan: (I swear that) 'I will sharpen the blade of My sword. 1
Seforno: 'Even though I sharpened My sword against Yisrael at the time of the Galus and My Hand subsequently held on to judgment against them.'
Targum Onkelos: 'I swear that ... My sword will be revealed twice as bright as the lightning that flashes from one end of the sky to the other'.
Why does the Torah insert the word "Im"?
What are the connotations of "ve'Sochez be'Mishpat Yadi ... "?
Ramban: 'And I will support them (the sword and the Hand) to grasp the judgment of Yisrael and take revenge against My enemies'. 4
Seforno: Refer to 32:41:1:2.
See Sifsei Chachamim, citing the Maharal.
Rashi: punishment - to take revenge.
Ramban: And that is when Hashem's Name and Throne will be complete - Refer to Sh'mos, 17:16:2:1. See Ramban, from DH 've'Hinei' who presents an overview of Shiras Ha'azinu and its importance, where he explains why its conclusion must pertain to the redemption from the current Galus and how the Torah does not render the Ge'ulah conditional upon Teshuvah and Avodah, but it is assured to take place, come what may.
What is the significance of the fact that Hashem holds the 'Mishpat' in His Hands?
Rashi: Bearing in mind that Hashem refers to His Mishpat as a "B'rak Charbi" - a flash of lightning, 1 it teaches us that, unlike a human-being, He maintains His hold on to His arrows even after He has fired them - to withdraw them. 2
Who are "Tzarai' and "Mesan'ai" referring to?
Targum Yonasan: They refer to the enemies and haters of Yisrael.