hebrew
1)

To whom did Hashem say this?

1.

Ramban (citing the Ibn Ezra): Either to Himself or to the angels.

2.

Ramban #2: It refers to Hashem's decision 1 or to His Will to do the following.


1

Ramban: As in Bereishis, 1:3.

2)

What are the connotations of "Astirah Panai meihem"?

1.

Ramban #1 (citing the Ibn Ezra): It means that Hashem will hide His Face from them


1

Ramban: Like "A'alim Einai Mikem" in Yeshayah, 1:15.

3)

What is the meaning of "Er'eh Mah Acharisam"?

1.

Rashi: 'I will see what will happen to them in the end'. 1

2.

Ramban #1 (citing the Ibn Ezra): 'Because I see what they will ultimately do'.

3.

Ramban #2 (citing the Ibn Ezra): 'Until I see what they will do when they are in trouble'.

4.

Ramban #3: Refer to Bereishis, 18:21:1:3.

5.

Seforno: 'When I see that they will do Teshuvah in the end'.

6.

Da'as Zekenim and Rosh: After I remove My Shechinah, I will see what will be their end


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

4)

What are the connotations of "Dor Tahapuchos"?

1.

Rashi 1 : They transform My goodwill into anger.

2.

Da'as Zekenim, Rosh: They consider the good that I did for them to be bad. They deny Me and despise my Mitzvos!

3.

Seforno: They are a generation who changed heart - to turn away from the way of Hashem.

4.

Lev Eliyahu (Shemos p.77): They are full of contradictions. They are satisfied with their spirituality, but feel that they lack physical matters. However, in their colleagues' spirituality, they see blemishes, how much they lack Torah and Yir'as Shamayim, but feel that they do not lack anything physical, and envy them.

5.

Refer to 32:21:3:5.


1

Refer to 32:18:1:2.

5)

What is the translation of "Banim Lo Emun bam"?

1.

Rashi #1: 'They are children whose upbringing 1 that I gave them is not discernable'. 2

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: 'They are children who are devoid of Emunah'.

3.

Ramban (according to Kabalah): 'For they do not have a pedagogue or someone to educate them'.

4.

Seforno: They did not learn from their fathers anything that is true.


1

Rashi: As in Esther, 2:7.

2

Rashi: 'Since I gave them a good education, but they deviated from it.

6)

Why does the Torah switch from the third to the first person?

1.

Ramban: Because until now, it was Moshe who was speaking, whereas from now, Moshe is quoting Hashem.

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