hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah insert the Parshah of Avodah-Zarah followed by the Zakein Mamrei, here? What is the connection between the Parshiyos?

1.

Ramban: Because the Torah always begins a series of Mishpatim (punishments) with Avodah-Zarah or its worshippers. 1

2.

Seforno: Having taught the Mitzvah of appointing Batei-Din in every town, the Torah now presents the Din of someone who worships Avodah-Zarah and of a Zakein Mamrei, both of whom are judged, not in their home towns town, but the one, in the town where he sinned, 2 and the other, in Yerushalayim, at the hand of the Beis-Din ha'Gadol. 3


1

Refer to 11:12:1:1.

2

Refer to 17:5:1:1.

3

See Pasuk 8.

2)

Why does the Torah add the words "Asher Hashem Elokecha Nosein lach"?

1.

Ramban: To include Chutz la'Aretz, 1 where the Dinim of Avodah-Zarah are equally applicable. 2


1

Ramban: Lands which Yisrael captured and annexed.

2

Ramban: We also learn this from the word "be'Yisrael" in Pasuk 4, implying wherever Yisrael live.

3)

Why does the Torah write "be'Achad She'arecha" - implying specifically Eretz Yisrael.

1.

Ramban #1: Because that is usually where it takes place.

2.

Ramban #2: Because it is only in Eretz Yisrael that the sinner is put to death by the gate where he sinned; 1 in Chutz la'Aretz, he is put to death by the gate where he was judged.


1

See Pasuk 5.

4)

Why does the Torah see fit to specifically mention "Ishah"

1.

Ramban #1: Because, due to the mentality of women, 1 they are particularly susceptible to being influenced by signs and wonders that are performed before them. 2

2.

Ramban #2 (citing the Sifri): Seeing in Devarim 13:14, the Torah precludes women from the Din of 'Madi'ach', it needs to teach us here that they are included.


1

As the Gemara states in Shabbos, 33b 'Nashim Da'atan Kalos'. Refer also to Vayikra, 27:1:1:1.

2

Ramban: As we find by the women in the time of Yirmiyah ha'Navi - See Yirmiyah, 44.

5)

Which covenant is the Torah referring to?

1.

Rashi: It is referring to the covenant that Hashem made with Yisrael not to worship Avodah-Zarah.

2.

Seforno: 'The covenant that Hashem made with Yisrael over all the Mitzvos. 1


1

Seforno: Because one who worships Avodah-Zarah denies all the Mitzvos and negates them.

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