hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah write "Vayavo ad Chevron" in the singular?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam #1 (citing Sotah, 34b): It refers to Calev, who went to the Me'aras ha'Machpeilah to Daven 1 that Hashem save him from the counsel of the Spies. 2

2.

Rashbam #2 and Targum Yonasan: It refers to all the Spies, each of whom traveled to Chevron. 3


1

See Ba'al ha'Turim.

2

Rashi and Rashbam: As the Pasuk in Devarim 1:36 indicates - "ve'Lo Etein es ha'Aretz asher Darach bah". See also Shoftim, 1:20 (Rashi), and Yehoshua, 21:12 (Rashbam).

3

Rashbam: As the Torah indicates in Pasuk 33 and in Devarim, 1:28.

2)

How could Cham build Chevron for Cana'an his youngest son before Tzo'an, his oldest son?

1.

Rashi: What the Torah means is that Chevron - the worst part of Eretz Cana'an 1 was seven times nicer than Tzo'an 2 - the best part of Egypt, 3 which itself the Torah describes as "the garden of Hashem". 4


1

Rashi: Which is why it was designated as a burial-ground.

2

Rashi: To stress the praiseworthiness of Eretz Yisrael.

3

Rashi: Which is why it was designated as the seat of kings (See Yeshayah, 30:4).

4

Rashi: See Bereishis 13:10.

3)

Who was Anak?

1.

Ramban #1: Refer to 13:22:4:1.

2.

Ramban #2: "Anak" means 'giants' - In fact, the father of Achiman, Sheishai and Talmai was Arba, so- called because together with his sons, they numbered four giants - and "Avi Anak" means 'the father of the giants'.

4)

Why does the Torah see fit to inform us that Chevron was built before Tzo'an?

1.

Rashi: Refer to 13:21:2:1**.

2.

Ramban #1: Chevron is synonymous with Kiryas Arba, so-called because Arba 1 - the original giant built it for his son Anak, 2 the father of the Anakim 3 (Achiman, Sheishai and Talmai), which explains why the Torah writes here "ve'Sham Achiman, Sheishai and Talmai Yelidei ha'Anak". And the Torah is coming to teach us the power of the Anakim 4 - whose longevity matched their height.

3.

Rashbam: Yisrael were aware of the importance of Tzo'an, so the Pasuk points out that Chevron was built before Tzo'an and was therefore more important than it. 5 Moreover, it is pointing out how the giants, who were from the earlier generations, still lived there.


1

Ramban: See Yehoshua, 14:15. Targum Yonasan also explains that 'Anak' is the name of a man, and not a word that means 'giants'.

2

Ramban: The father of the giants (See R. Chavel's footnotes.

3

Ramban: Who were called by that name in account of their tall and handsome appearance - like Anakim (necklaces) to the throat - See Mishlei, 1:9.

4

Ramban: Bearing in mind that Arba built Chevron before Tzo'an was built.

5

Rashbam: Since the older the town, the more esteemed it is.

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