hebrew
1)

Why did Bil'am mention the fact that Keil took Yisrael out of Egypt?

1.

Rashi: He mentioned it to counter Balak's statement 1 "Hinei Am Yatza mi'Mitzrayim", as if they left Egypt of their own accord.

2.

Da'as Zekenim (20), Hadar Zekenim (20): The One who took them out is strong. Eil is an expression of strength. 2


1

In 22:5.

2

As in Yechezkel 17:13 - "es Eilei ha'Aretz Lakach".

2)

What is the meaning of "ke'So'afos Re'eim Lo"?

1.

Rashi #1: It means that He took them out of Egypt 'according to the Power of His Loftiness' 1 .

2.

Rashi #2: 'He took them out of Egypt flying on high'. 2

3.

Rashi #3 (citing Gitin, 68b): 'He took them out of Egypt with the might of demons'. 3

4.

Ramban (on Pasuk 21): Hashem's superior strength over all nations is comparable to a Re'em's 4 superior strength over all other animals.

5.

Seforno: Hashem gave them the strength of a Re'em, 5 which pushes with its horns, and not that of a lion, which tears its prey and eats it. 6

6.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Onkelos: 'He took them out of Egypt, power and loftiness (praise and might


1

Rashi: With connotations of a fortress, as in Iyov, 22:25. "Re'eim" literally, is a buffalo or kind of wild ox.

2

Rashi: A sign of power.

3

See Sifsei Chachamim.

4

Zevachim 113b: Rabah bar bar Chanah saw a newborn Re'em. It was 40 Parsa'os.. See 'The Living Torah, which cites many opinions as to the meaning of "Re'em".

5

Refer to 23:22:2:4*.

6

Seforno: Since, when they left Egypt, Hashem intended them to expel the Cana'anim and to inherit their land without killing its inhabitants, as the Pasuk indicates in Tehilim, 80:9. See Seforno.

7

Refer to 23:22:2:4*.

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