1)

When does the Sh'mitah year begin?

1.

Rosh Hashanah, 8b: Based on the Gezeirah Shavah "Shanah" "Shanah", we learn from Eikev, 11:12, 1 that the year begins in Tishri. 2


1

See Ba'al ha'Turim there.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 8.

2)

Why does the Torah insert the (otherwise superfluous) word "u'va'Shanah ha'Shevi'is"?

1.

Sifra: To teach us that (in certain regards) thirty days (one month) before Rosh Hashanah is considered a year, and that consequently, the Dinim of Sh'mitah of 'B'nos Shu'ach' (a species of white fig), takes place in the second year of the Sh'mitah cycle, 1 seeing as the fruit is only ready to pick in the third year. 2


1

See Torah Temimah, note 10.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 11.

3)

Why does the Pasuk use the expression "Shabbas Shabbason"?

1.

Seforno: To add preparatory Malachos 1 to the prohibition.

2.

Oznayim la'Torah: With reference to the two distinct kinds of Melachah that are forbidden in the Sh'mitah


1

Seforno: Such as sticking manure to the bark of a tree and anointing and holing young figs. as listed in Avodah-Zarah, 50b.

2

"Sadcha Lo Sizra" and "Karm'cha Lo Sizmor".

3

"Sefi'ach Ketzircha Lo Siktzor" and "Karm'cha Lo Sivtzor".

4)

What is "la'Aretz" referring to?

1.

Rashi and Seforno: It refers to the fields and vineyards - with reference to the Melachos that pertain to them, such as planting and reaping. 1


1

Digging pits per se (and building) are not prohibited during the Sh'mitah (Sifsei Chachamim).

5)

Why does the Torah insert the words "Shabbos la'Hashem"?

1.

Sifra: The Torah writes "Shabbos la'Hashem" by Sh'mitah and by Shabbos Bereishis in Yisro, Sh'mos, 20:10, to teach us that, just as Shabbos Bereishis is a testimony that Hashem created the world, so too, is Sh'mitah a testinoy that He owns it. 1


1

See also 'ha'Torah ve'ha'Mitzvah'.

6)

What is the meaning of "Karm'cha Lo Tizmor"?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos 1 and Targum Yonasan: It means "Do not prune your vineyard.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim. Targum Onkelos translates it as 'Lo Tichsach' - as is Yeshayah, 32:12, and in Tehilim, 80:17.

7)

Seeing as Pruning is incorporated in planting, and harvesting grapes, in harvesting corn, why does the Torah find it necessary to insert 'Zemirah' and 'Betzirah'?

1.

Mo'ed Katan, 3a: To teach us that all other Toldos 1 (beside Zemirah and Betzirah) are not subject to the Dinim of Sh'mitah min ha'Torah. 2


1

Such as weeding, trimming, digging and watering

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