1)

Why does the Torah see fit to insert "Sheish Shanim Tizra Sadecha ... "?

1.

Ramban #1 and Moshav Zekenim #1: It is the way the Torah normally speaks. 1

2.

Ramban #2 and Moshav Zekenim #2 (citing Yerushalmi in Kil'ayim): It comes to teach us that someone who works his land in the Sh'mitah transgresses an Asei 2 (as well as the La'av in the following Pasuk.

3.

Ramban #3 (citing the Mechilta in Mishpatim) and Seforno: When Yisrael do the will of Hashem they will experience one Sh'mitah (per seven years), as the Torah writes "Sheish Shanim Tizra es Artzecha ... "; but if they don't, they will have to keep four Sh'mitos - by leaving the land fallow in the first, third and fifth years, 3 followed by the Sh'mitah in the seventh.

4.

Moshav Zekenim: It is written after "Shabbos la'Hashem" to teach us that if we observe Sh'mitah properly, we will sow our fields; if not, we will have to sell them, and subsequently, also our houses and our daughters (Kidushin 20a).

5.

Oznayim la'Torah: To highlight the miracle that, when one keeps the Sh'mitah, one will be able to to till the land for six consecutive years


1

Ramban: See for example, Sh'mos 20:9, 23:10.

2

Ramban: You will sow for six years, but not in the seventh

2)

Why does the Torah repeat the words "Sheish Shanim"?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: To teach us that the time that one is prohibited from plowing a cornfield (until Pesach) differs from the time that one may not plow a foeld of trees (until Shavu'os). 1


1

See Oznayim la'Torah, DH 'Sheish Shanim' #1.

3)

What are the connotations of "ve'Asafta es Tevu'asah"?

1.

Rashbam: It means that, during the first six years of the Sh'mitah cycle, one is permitted to gather the produce of one's own field. 1

2.

Yerushalmi, Ma'asros, 5:2: Based on its juxtaposition ro "u'va'Shanah ha'Shevi'is", it permits harvesting produce in the Sh'mitah that attained one third of its growth in the sixth year. 2


1

Refer to 25:2:0.1:1.

2

See Torah Temimah, note 7.

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