hebrew
1)

How will we reconcile "Ki Sifga" here with the Pasuk "Ki Sir'eh" in Pasuk 5?

1.

Bava Metzi'a, 33a: the distance which incorporates 'seeing' with 'meeting' is a Ris (which is synonymous with a seven and a halfth of a Mil).

2)

What is the significance of "Shor"? What if one comes across any other animal or bird that is lost?

1.

Bava Kama, 54b: The Torah in Ki Seitzei, Devarim, 22:3 writes "ve'Chein Ta'aseh le'Chol Aveidas Achicha", to include all types of Beheimah, Chayah and Of in the Mitzvah of Hashavas Aveidah, and it only writes "Shor" because it is common.

2.

Oznayim la'Torah: This Pasuk, where both the animal and the finder are walking towards each other, writes "Ki Sifga"; whereas Pasuk 5. which is speaking where the animal is crouching beneath its load, writes "Ki Sir'eh"

3)

What is the meaning of "Shor Oyivcha"? Since when is one permitted to hate a fellow-Jew?

1.

Targum Yonasan: It is talking about a person whom one witnessed sinning (where there is no other witness), and whom one is permitted to hate.

4)

Why does the Torah refer specifically to a person whom one hates?

1.

Rashi (on Beraisa de'R. Yishmael): The Torah mentions the donkey of someone one hates, 1 Kal va'Chomer, the donkey of a friend.

2.

Rashbam: It is presumably the donkey of someone whom one hates that one needs to set aside one's hatred, though the obligation applies equally to the donkey of one's friend as well.


1

Whose hatred one is obligated to set aside (Targum Yonasan on Pasuk 5). Refer also to 23:6:1:2.

5)

Why does the Torah mention 'Hashavas Aveidah' in four locations, 1. above in 22:8; 2. in Vayikra, 5:22, 3. here and 4. in Ki Seitzei, 22:1?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: It mentions the basic obligation to return the Aveidah and related topice in 1. & 2; The duty to overcome one's Yeitzer ha'Ra here, and one's obligation to take the object home and announce it in 4.

6)

Why does the Torah switch from "an enemy" (in this Pasuk) to someone whom one hates (in the next)?

1.

Ba'al ha'Turim: "An enemy" refers to a Nochri, "a hater", to one's fellow Jew. 1


1

See Ba'al ha'Turim.

7)

What are the implications of the word "To'eh"?

1.

Mechilta: It implies that the animal is outside the T'chum 1 (but not if one finds it grazing by the roadside). 2


1

As in Vayeishev, Bereishis, 37:15.

2

See Torah Temimah, who equates the Mechilta with the Gemara in Bava Metzi'a, 30b.

8)

Why does the Torah use the double Lashon "Hashev Teshivenu lo"?

1.

Mechilta: To include a. where the animal is far away, b. where the finder does not know who the owner is and c. even if it is wounded. 1


1

Torah Temimah: The Mechilta relies on the details of the three Ribuyim, which it will deal with in Ki Seitzei, 22:1..

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
Month: Day: Year:
Month: Day: Year:

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page
Sponsorships & DonationsReaders' FeedbackMailing ListsTalmud ArchivesAsk the KollelDafyomi WeblinksDafyomi CalendarOther Yomi calendars