hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of the word "Ki" in this context:

1.

Rashi #1: It means 'perhaps'. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (Gitin, 90a): It means 'if'' (in the event that ... )


1

See Rashi, Devarim 7:17.

2)

Why does the Torah switch from the word "Lo" to "Imo"?

1.

Bava Metzi'a, 32a: To preclude a case where Reuven (the owner) sits down at the side, and announces that, since it is Shimon's Mitzvah to unload his animal, he is leaving it all to him. 1


1

See also K'li Yakar.

3)

What are the connotations of "ve'Chadalta me'Azov lo"?

1.

Rashi #1: It is rhetorical "Will you refrain from helping him?"

2.

Rashi #2 (citing Mechilta and Bava Metzi'a, 32a): It also indicates that there are times that one is Patur from helping to unload; a. in the case of a Talmid-Chacham for whom such menial work is undignified; and b. if it is the animal of a Nochri and the load of a Yisrael. 1

3.

Targum Yonasan: It means that you want to refrain from returning the article


1

Or if the animal is in a cemetery and the finder is a Kohen (Torah Temimah, citing the Mechilta).

4)

Why did the Torah not write "Vechadalta ..." also in the previous Pasuk?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Because it was talking about finding the animal going astray, whyere the owner was not there, and it is possible to return it to his courtyard or to another guarded location without actually meeting him, in which case there is no need to overcome one's Yeitzer ha'Ra.

5)

What is the exact meaning of "Azov Ta'azov Imo"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It means "You should help him 1 to unload.

2.

Targum Onkelos, Targum Yonason and Hadar Zekenim: Help him unload or re-load his animal


1

As we find in Devarim, 32:36 and in Nechemyah, 3:8 (Rashi and Rashbam).

6)

Why does the Torah use the double expression "Azov Ta'azov imo"?

1.

Bava Metzi'a, 32a: To teach us that the finder is obligated to help re-load the animal even four or five times if necessary.

2.

Bava Metzi'a, 39a:To obligate the finder to unload the animal even if the owner os not there. 1


1

See Torah Temimah, note 40

7)

What are the implications of the word "Imo"?

1.

Bava Metzi'a, 32a: It implies that hye is only obligated to help unload the animal together with the owner, but not if the owner sits by the side of the road and offers him the Mitzvah of unloading his animal. 1


1

Unless he refrains from doing so himsleg on account of old age or sickness. See also Torah Temimah, note 41.

8)

Why does the Torah say "Tachas Masa'o"?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: This excludes a load more than is proper for it to carry (then he is exempt).

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