hebrew
1)

Who was the "Ish" who found him wandering around in the field?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: It was the angel Gavriel. 1

2.

Hadar Zekeinim and Rosh: "Ish" is the Gematriya of Refa'el.


1

Who is referred to (in Daniel, 9:21) as "ha'Ish Gavriel". See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

2)

What is the significance of the phrase that Yosef "was wandering around ... "?

1.

Ramban #1 and Rashbam: This teaches us Yosef''s Tzidkus - despite his brother's hatred, he refused to return to his father without having fulfilled his mission.

2.

Ramban #2: Moreover, it teaches us that when Hashem issues a decree, nothing can prevent its fulfillment. Having decreed that the Galus was due to begin, 1 when Yosef could not find his brothers (who were destined to set the Galus in motion), Hashem sent an angelic guide to lead him to them.

3.

Da'as Zekeinim: The word "To'eh", and also "va'Echar Ad Atah" (Bereishis 32:5) hints at the three Galuyos - 400 years of Galus Mitzrayim ('Tav'), 70 years of Galus Bavel ('Ayin') and Galus Edom, which will end after the year 5000 ('Hei'). 2


1

Refer to 37:14:2:1**

2

I do not know the source that Galus Edom was destined to end then (PF). Chazal generally discussed four Galuyos after Matan Torah - Bavel, Madai, Yavan and Edom (Bereishis Rabah 2:4).

3)

Why did Hashem see fit to send an angel to lead him to his brothers? Why would it not havee sufficed for the Midyanim to have found him and sold him to Potifera directly?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: The time had come for first Yosef, 1 and then Yisrael, to go down to Egypt, and lest anyone think for one moment that the events that now unfolded were natural, Hashem first put it into the head of Ya'akov to send his favorite son to his brothers, whom he knew, hated him, and then an angel to assist him in finding them, to make it abundantly clear that it was all min ha'Shamayim (since it was all part of His Divine Plan).

2.

Oznayim la'Torah: Had the Midyanim found Yosef and sold him to Potifera directly, people would have wandered, 2 when his father and brothers followed, what Yisrael had done wrong to be subjugated and enslaved more than any other nation. 3


1

Oznayim la'Torah: In order to prevent Ya'akov from going to Galus in chains.

2

Oznayim la'Torah: Just as Moshe would later wander

4)

Why did Hashem see fit to send an angel to lead him to his brothers? Why would it not havee sufficed for the Midyanim to have found him and sold him to Potifera directly?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: The time had come for first Yosef, 1 and then Yisrael, to go down to Egypt, and lest anyone think for one moment that the events that now unfolded were natural, Hashem first put it into the head of Ya'akov to send his favorite son to his brothers, whom he knew, hated him, and then an angel to assist him in finding them, to make it abundantly clear that it was all min ha'Shamayim (since it was all part of His Divine Plan).

2.

Oznayim la'Torah: Had the Midyanim found Yosef and sold him to Potifera directly, people would have wandered, 2 when his father and brothers followed, what Yisrael had done wrong to be subjugated and enslaved more than any other nation. 3


1

Oznayim la'Torah: In order to prevent Ya'akov from going to Galus in chains.

2

Oznayim la'Torah: Just as Moshe would later wander

5)

רש"י: זה גבריאל: מנין שהיה זה מלאך?

1.

גור אריה: אם לא כן, למה סיפר הכתוב את המעשה עם האיש? אלא ללמדך שה' שלח מלאך כדי שיגיע יוסף לאחיו.

6)

רש"י: זה גבריאל: מנין שהיה זה גבריאל?

1.

גור אריה: בספר דניאל כתוב "והאיש גבריאל" כי 'גבר' הוא 'איש'.

2.

די היה לכתוב 'וימצאהו איש וישאלהו' בלי "וישאלהו האיש", [אלא לדרוש שזה גבריאל שנקרא איש].

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