hebrew
1)

What are the ramifications of the word "va'Hashem"?

1.

Rashi (from Yerushalmi Brachos 9:5): Wherever one finds the word "va'Hashem 1 ", it means Hashem together with His Beis-Din. 2

2.

Seforno: Yisrael busied themselves with the Mitzvah of Korban Pesach, and Hashem smote the Egyptians' firstborn. 3


1

Bearing in mind the general meaning of the letter 'Vav' (Rashi).

2

Rosh: This is why it says in Iyov "Hashem Nasan va'Hashem Lakach." When Hashem gives free gifts to His creations, He does not consult with His entourage, but when He takes or afflicts, He consults with His Beis Din.

3

See Rashbam, who makes this comment on the words "ba'Chatzi ha'Laylah".

2)

Why does the Pasuk insert the word "Kol"?

1.

Rashi: Refer to 12:12:4:1.

3)

And why does it see fit to write "mi'Bechor Pharaoh"?

1.

Rashi: It hints at the fact that Pharaoh was himself a Bechor, and that Hashem spared him only in order to show him His strength at the Yam-Suf. 1


1

As the intimated above in Shemos (9:16 [Rashi]).

4)

What does the Torah mean when it writes "from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne"?

1.

Rashbam and Targum Yonasan: It means that he would have succeeded Pharaoh had he not died in the plague of Makas Bechoros.

5)

Why were the firstborn of the captives included?

1.

Rashi #1: Refer to 11:5:2:1.

2.

Rashi #2 and Targum Yonasan: Refer to 11:5:2:2.

6)

Why were the firstborn of the captives included?

1.

Rashi #1: Refer to 11:5:2:1.

2.

Rashi #2 and Targum Yonasan: Refer to 11:5:2:2.

7)

And why the firstborn of the slaves

1.

Rashi #1: Refer to 11:5:1:1.

2.

Rashi #2: Refer to 11:5:1:2.

8)

Rashi writes that va'Shem always includes His Beis Din. Above (12), he said that Hashem alone will kill the firstborn!

1.

Moshav Zekenim (12): His Beis Din, even Midas ha'Rachamim, agreed to this [but Hashem Himself killed them].


.

9)

Here it says that Hashem struck the firstborns at midnight. It says in Bamidbar (3:13, 8:17) "b'Yom Hakosi"!

1.

Riva citing Rashi 1 : R. Yochanan said, Hashem struck them at midnight, and they quivered the entire night until [they died] on the morrow (morning). 2

2.

Riva: It was midnight for the Bechoros, and day for Hashem.


1

Maseches Semachos (Evel Rabsi), introduction: This was in order that Bnei Yisrael will see how their haters died. (This is not in our Rashi.)

2

In Birkos Keri'as Shma, at night we say 'ha'Makeh... Bechorei Egypt', and in the morning we say 'Bechoreihem Haragta.'

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