hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the fact that Par'oh was the first to rise at midnight?

1.

Rashi: He was the first to rise and go round the houses of his servants to arouse them and inform them of the calamity that had befallen them. 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2)

Surely there were houses in which the B'chor had already died! How can it be that there was no house without a Meis?

1.

Rashi: If there was no firstborn in the house, then the oldest member of the family died. 1

2.

Da'as Zekenim #1, Hadar Zekenim #1, from Sifri: Their custom was, when a Bechor died, they made an image of him. Those images melted, and it was as harsh for them as the day of death.

3.

Da'as Zekenim #2, Hadar Zekenim #2: Mice dug up the firstborns from where they were buried and dragged them [to the houses].

4.

Rosh: The Egyptians buried their dead in their houses, and dogs dug up the corpses and dragged them from house to house.


1

And we find the word firstborn used in this way in Tehilim, 89:28 (Rashi).

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