hebrew
1)

Why was the large stone placed on top of the well?

1.

Rashbam: Either so that nobody should fall in, or so that nobody should steal the water.

2)

Why were the three flocks of sheep crouching next to the local well?

1.

Rashi (Pasuk 3): Because it required the combined strength of all the shepherds to roll the stone from off the well (they were waiting for the others).

3)

Why does the Torah see fit to record this episode?

1.

Ramban #1 and Rashbam: To teach us the immense strength of Ya'akov Avinu - that he was able to lift with ease 1 what three shepherds and their herdsmen could not budge, even though he was tired from his journey. 2

2.

Ramban #2: The fact that Ya'akov arrived specifically at that spot when just three flocks were there, and to perform the act of Chesed that he did, was a sign that he would succeed in his mission, that he would have children who would be worthy of going three times a year to the Beis-ha'Mikdash, 3 where they would draw Ru'ach ha'Kodesh - or to the Torah 4 that they would learn there. 5 Whereas "all the flocks would gather there" hints at the whole of Yisrael, from Chamos to Nachal Mitzrayim, who would gather in Yerushalayim on the three Regalim. 6 "And they would return the stone to its place ... ". When each Yom-Tov terminated, the flow of Ru'ach ha'Kodesh would cease until the following Regel. 7


1

Refer to 29:10:1:1.

2

Ya'akov's strength will be revealed again when he fights with the angel (in Parshas Vayishlach).

3

To which the well hints.

4

Since Torah is compared to water.

5

As the Navi writes in Yeshayah (2:3) "For Torah will go forth from Tziyon ... ".

6

Bear in mind that Yisrael are also compared to sheep, as we mention every Friday night in "Lechu Neranenah".

7

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

4)

What does "Hinei" mean?

1.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (3): It is something that was not known until now, e.g. "va'Boker v'Hinei Hi Leah."

5)

Why did Yakov go to the well?

1.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (3): He learned from Eliezer, who went to the well to ask about matters of the city, if he will be accepted as a guest. Also, Rivka told him to go to the well - just like Eliezer found her there, Yakov will find his Zivug there.

6)

רש"י: משקים הרועים את העדרים: רש"י יכל לפרש את הפסוק על שלושת הרועים שהיו שם באותה שעה, ואז לא היה צריך לפרש את הפסוק בלשון הווה? ולמה הוסיף רש"י "משקים הרועים"?

1.

גור אריה: אם הכוונה הייתה לשלושת הרועים שהיו שם אז, היה הפסוק כותב 'ישקו הרועים'? אלא מדובר על שאר הרועים כי כך הייתה דרכם להשקות, וזה מתפרש בלשון עתיד, ולכן הוסיף רש"י "משקים הרועים" כי כך הוא תמיד.

7)

למה זיווגו של יעקב נזדמן לו דוקא על הבאר?

1.

גור אריה: מהר"ל (גבורות ה' פי"ט, עמ' פו, ד"ה וישב): כל השפעה באה מלמעלה למטה, ורק הבאר נובעת מלמטה למעלה. כך גם האשה נקראת באר כי בתשוקה שלה אל בעלה היא מתעלה למדרגת בעלה, ועליית מי הבאר דומה אל הזיווג.

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